Corinth
Corinth
Κόρινθος
Saint Paul church in Korinthos
Saint Paul church in Korinthos
Seal of Corinth
Location
Corinth is located in Greece
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Corinth
Coordinates 37°56′N 22°56′E / 37.933°N 22.933°E / 37.933; 22.933Coordinates: 37°56′N 22°56′E / 37.933°N 22.933°E / 37.933; 22.933
Government
Country: Greece
Region: Peloponnese
Regional unit: Corinthia
Municipality: Corinth
Population statistics (as of 2001)
Municipal unit
 - Population: 36,555
 - Area: 102.2 km2 (39 sq mi)
 - Density: 358 /km2 (926 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max): 0 - 10 m ­(0 - 33 ft)
Postal: 201 00
Telephone: 27410
Auto: KP
Website
www.korinthos.gr

Corinth (Greek Κόρινθος, Kórinthos) ([ˈkorinθos] ( listen)) is a city and former municipality in Corinthia, Peloponnese, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Corinth, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit.[1] It is the capital of Corinthia.

It was founded, as Nea or New Corinth in 1858, after an earthquake destroyed the existing settlement of Corinth, which had developed in and around the site of ancient Corinth.

Contents

Location

Located about 78 kilometres (48 mi) southwest of Athens, Corinth is surrounded by the coastal townlets of (clockwise) Lechaio, Isthmia, Kechries, and the inland townlets of Examilia and the archaeological site and village of ancient Corinth. Geophysically the city is likewise surrounded by the narrow coastal plain of Vocha, Corinthian Gulf, Corinth Canal, the Isthmus of Corinth, Saronic Gulf, Oneia Mountains, and the monolithic rock of Acrocorinth, where the medieval acropolis was built.

History

Corinth derives its name from Ancient Corinth, a city-state of antiquity. In 1858, the old city of Corinth (now known as Archaia Korinthos (Αρχαία Κόρινθος), located 3 km (1.9 mi) SW of the modern city), was totally destroyed by an earthquake. This led to the establishment of Nea or New Corinth, on the coast of the Gulf of Corinth. New Corinth was rebuilt after a further earthquake in 1928 and again after a great fire in 1933.

Population

Corinth is the second largest city in the periphery of the Peloponnese after Kalamata (53,659 inhabitants in 2001). In the 1991 census, the city had a population of 28,071, while the latest data (2001) showed an increase of 2,363 inhabitants (+8,4%), to 30,434. Between the census of 1981 and 1991, the city had one of the fastest-increasing populations in the country.[citation needed]

The Municipality of Corinth, or Dimos Korinthion, had a population of 36,991 in 2001. The municipality includes the town of Archaia Korinthos (1,770 inhabitants), the town of Examilia (1,547 inhabitants), and the smaller settlements of Xylokeriza (777 inhabitants) and Solomos (686 inhabitants).

Port

The port of Corinth, located north of the city centre and close to the northwest entrance of the Corinth Canal, at 37 56.0’ N / 22 56.0’ E, serves the local needs of industry and agriculture. It is mainly a cargo exporting facility.

It is an artificial harbour (depth approximately 9 metres (30 ft), protected by a concrete mole (length approximately 930 metres, width 100 metres, mole surface 93,000 m2). A new pier finished in the late 1980s doubled the capacity of the port. The reinforced mole protects anchored vessels from strong northern winds.

Within the port operates a customs office facility and a Hellenic Coast Guard post. Sea traffic is limited to trade in the export of local produce, mainly citrus fruits, grapes, marbles, aggregates and some domestic imports. The port operates as a contingency facility for general cargo ships, bulk carriers and ROROs, in case of strikes at Piraeus port. There is a ferry line (RORO) connecting Corinth to Italy.

Industry

Corinth is a major industrial hub at a national level. Copper cables, petroleum products, medical equipment, marble, gypsum, ceramic tiles, salt, mineral water and beverages, meat products, and gums are produced nearby. As of 2005, a period of de-industrialization has commenced as a large pipework complex, a textile factory and a meat packing facility disrupted their operations.

Transport

Corinth is a major road hub, being the entry point to the Peloponnesian peninsula, the southernmost area of continental Greece.

The city has been connected to the Proastiakos, the Athens suburban rail network, since 2005, when the new Corinth railway station was completed.

Sport

The city's association football team is Korinthos F.C. (Π.Α.E. Κόρινθος), established in 1999 after the merger of Pankorinthian Football Club (Παγκορινθιακός) and Corinth Football Club (Κόρινθος). During the 2006-2007 season, the team played in the Greek Fourth Division's Regional Group 7. The team went undefeated that season and it earned the top spot.[2] This granted the team a promotion to the Gamma Ethnikí (Third Division) for the 2007-2008 season. For the 2008-2009 season, Korinthos F.C. competed in the Gamma Ethniki (Third Division) southern grouping.

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Corinth is twinned with:

Canal

The canal cuts through the Isthmus.

The Corinth Canal, carrying ship traffic between the western Mediterranean and the Aegean Sea, is about 4 km east of the city, cutting through the Isthmus of Corinth.

See also

Notable people

Other locations named after Corinth

Due to its ancient history and the presence of St. Apostle Paul in Corinth some locations all over the world have been named Corinth:

References

External material

External links


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  • CORINTH — CORINTH, Greek city. The earliest evidence of Jews in Corinth is contained in Agrippa I s letter to Caligula (Philo, De Legatione ad Caium, 281). The apostle Paul spent one and a half years in Corinth, preaching in the synagogue on Sabbaths (cf.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Corinth — [kôr′inth, kär′inth] 1. ancient city in the NE Peloponnesus, at the head of the Gulf of Corinth, noted for its luxury: fl. 7th 2d cent. B.C. 2. modern city near the site of ancient Corinth: pop. 12,000: Gr. name KORINTHOS 3. Gulf of arm of the… …   English World dictionary

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  • Corinth — Corinth, Ort im nördöstl. Winkel des nordamerik. Staates Mississippi, (1900) 3661 E.; im Bürgerkriege Schauplatz blutiger Niederlagen der Konföderierten …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Corinth — city in Greece, from L. Corinthus, from Gk. Korinthos, from Pelasgian *kar point, peak. The nthos identifies it as being from the lost pre IE language of Greece …   Etymology dictionary

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