- Francis IV, Duke of Modena
Francis IV Joseph Charles Ambrose Stanislaus (Italian: "Francesco IV Giuseppe Carlo Ambrogio Stanislao d'Absburgo-Este";
6 October, 1779- 21 January, 1846) was Duke of Modena, Reggio, and Mirandola(from 1815), Duke of Massa and Prince of Carrara(from 1829), Archduke of Austria-Este, Royal Prince of Hungaryand Bohemia, Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece. He was a grandson of Maria Theresa of Austria, head of the House of Habsburg, and was heir to the Modena branch of the House of Estethrough his mother. He thus became the first member of the House of Habsburg-Este to rule the Este inheritance in Northern Italy.
Francis was born in
Milan. His father was Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este, Duke of Breisgau, his mother Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este, Duchess of Massa and Princess of Carrara, Lady of Lunigiana.
Francis is distinguished for his bloody and tyrannic rule by which he repressed all the democratic movements appearing during his reign. The atrocities of the Ducal policies are illustrated in the book "
Ciro Menottie i suoi compagni" written by the Garibaldine officer Taddeo Gaddiin 1880, in particular the hanging of Menotti for an attempted insurrection against the Duke (1831).
In 1812 Francis married the Princess
Maria Beatrice of Savoy, who was the daughter of King Victor Emmanuel I of Sardiniaand his sister Archduchess Maria Teresa of Austria-Este. The couple had four children:
* Maria Theresa (1817-1886), married
Henri, comte de Chambord.
Francis V, Duke of Modena(1819-1875), married Princess Adelgunde of Bavaria.
* Ferdinand Karl (1821-1849), married
Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria. Father of Maria Theresia, Archduchess of Austria-Este.
* Maria Beatrix (1824-1906), married
Juan, Count of Montizón.
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1= 1. Francis IV, Duke of Modena
Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este
Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor
Maria Theresa of Austria
Ercole III d'Este, Duke of Modena
7= 7. Maria Teresa Cibo-Malsapina, Duchess of Massa
Leopold, Duke of Lorraine
Élisabeth Charlotte of Orléans
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor
Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
12= 12. Francesco III d'Este, Duke of Modena
Charlotte Aglaé of Orléans
14= 14. Alderano Cibo-Malsapina, Duke of Massa
15= 15. Ricciardia Gonzaga of Novellara
Charles V, Duke of Lorraine
Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria
Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
Elizabeth Charlotte, Princess Palatine
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg
Louis Rudolph, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Princess Christine Louise of Oettingen-Oettingen
24= 24. Rinaldo III, Duke of Modena
25= 25. Charlotte Felicity of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
Françoise-Marie de Bourbon
28= 28. Carlo II Cibo-Malsapina, Duke of Massa
29= 29. Teresa Pamfili
30= 30. Camillo II Gonzaga, Count of Novellara
31= 31. Matilde d'Este
List of Dukes of Modena
House of Este
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