Cy Young Award
Cy Young Award

The Cy Young Award
Awarded for Major League Baseball's Best Regular Season Pitcher
Presented by Baseball Writers Association of America
Country United States
First awarded 1956
Currently held by Clayton Kershaw, National League
Justin Verlander, American League

The Cy Young Award is an honor given annually in baseball to the best pitchers in Major League Baseball (MLB), one each for the American League (AL) and National League (NL). The award was first introduced in 1956 by Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in 1955. The award was originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues, but in 1967, after the retirement of Frick, the award was given to one pitcher in each league.[1][2]

Each league's award is voted on by members of the Baseball Writers Association of America, with one representative from each team, which means 16 ballots are cast for the American League winner, and 16 ballots are cast for the National League.[1] As of the 2010 season, each voter places a vote for first, second, third, fourth and fifth place among the pitchers of each league. The formula used to calculate the final scores is a weighted sum of the votes.[A] The pitcher with the highest score in each league wins the award.[1] If two pitchers receive the same number of votes, the award is shared.[3] The current formula started in the 2010 season. Before that, dating back to 1970, writers voted for three pitchers, with the formula of 5 points for a first place vote, 3 for a second place vote and 1 for a third place vote. Prior to 1970, writers only voted for the best pitcher and used a formula of one point per vote.[1]

Contents

History

Cy Young, for whom the award is named

The Cy Young Award was first introduced in 1956 by Commissioner of Baseball Ford Frick in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in 1955.[1] The award would be given to pitchers only. Originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues, the award changed its format over time. From 1956 to 1966, the award was given to one pitcher in Major League Baseball. After Frick retired in 1967, William Eckert became the new Commissioner of Baseball. Due to fan requests, Eckert announced that the Cy Young Award would be given out both in the American League and the National League.[1] From 1956 to 1958, a pitcher was not allowed to win the award on more than one occasion; this rule was eliminated in 1959. After a tie in the 1969 voting, the process was changed, in which each writer was to vote for three different pitchers: the first-place vote received five points, the second-place vote received three points, and the third-place vote received one point, a system that is still in use.[1]

The first recipient of the Cy Young Award was Don Newcombe of the Dodgers, and the most recent winners are Clayton Kershaw, from the National League, and Justin Verlander, from the American League.[1][4] In 1957, Warren Spahn became the first left-handed pitcher to win the award. In 1963, Sandy Koufax became the first pitcher to win the award in a unanimous vote; two years later he became the first multiple winner. In 1974, Mike Marshall won the award, becoming the first relief pitcher to win the award.[1] In 1978, Gaylord Perry (age 40) became the oldest pitcher to receive the award, only to have the record broken in 2004 by Roger Clemens (age 42).[1] The youngest recipient was Dwight Gooden (age 20 in 1985).

Winners

Key

Year Each year is linked to an article about that Major League Baseball season.
ERA Earned run average
* Also named Most Valuable Player
** Also named Rookie of the Year
Hall of Fame Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum

Major Leagues combined (1956–1966)

Roger Clemens, seven-time winner
Year Pitcher Team Record[B] Saves[C] ERA Ks
1956 Don Newcombe* Brooklyn Dodgers (NL) 27–7 0 3.06 139
1957 Warren SpahnHall of Fame Milwaukee Braves (NL) 21–11 3 2.69 111
1958 Bob Turley New York Yankees (AL) 21–7 1 2.97 168
1959 Early WynnHall of Fame Chicago White Sox (AL) 22–10 0 3.17 179
1960 Vern Law Pittsburgh Pirates (NL) 20–9 0 3.08 120
1961 Whitey FordHall of Fame New York Yankees (AL) 25–4 0 3.21 209
1962 Don DrysdaleHall of Fame Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 25–9 1 2.84 232
1963 Sandy Koufax*Hall of Fame Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 25–5 0 1.88 306
1964 Dean Chance Los Angeles Angels (AL) 20–9 4 1.65 207
1965 Sandy KoufaxHall of Fame Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 26–8 2 2.04 382
1966 Sandy KoufaxHall of Fame Los Angeles Dodgers (NL) 27–9 0 1.73 317

National League (1967–present)

Greg Maddux, four-time winner
John Smoltz, one-time winner
Pedro Martínez, three-time winner
Year Pitcher Team Record[B] Saves[C] ERA Ks
1967 Mike McCormick San Francisco Giants 22–10 0 2.85 150
1968 Bob Gibson*Hall of Fame St. Louis Cardinals 22–9 0 1.12 268
1969 Tom SeaverHall of Fame New York Mets 25–7 0 2.21 208
1970 Bob GibsonHall of Fame St. Louis Cardinals 23–7 0 3.12 274
1971 Ferguson JenkinsHall of Fame Chicago Cubs 24–13 0 2.77 263
1972 Steve CarltonHall of Fame Philadelphia Phillies 27–10 0 1.98 310
1973 Tom SeaverHall of Fame New York Mets 19–10 0 2.08 251
1974 Mike Marshall Los Angeles Dodgers 15–12 21 2.42 143
1975 Tom SeaverHall of Fame New York Mets 22–9 0 2.38 243
1976 Randy Jones San Diego Padres 22–14 0 2.74 93
1977 Steve CarltonHall of Fame Philadelphia Phillies 23–10 0 2.64 198
1978 Gaylord PerryHall of Fame San Diego Padres 21–6 0 2.73 154
1979 Bruce SutterHall of Fame Chicago Cubs 6–6 37 2.22 110
1980 Steve CarltonHall of Fame Philadelphia Phillies 24–9 0 2.34 286
1981 Fernando Valenzuela** Los Angeles Dodgers 13–7 0 2.48 180
1982 Steve CarltonHall of Fame Philadelphia Phillies 23–11 0 3.11 286
1983 John Denny Philadelphia Phillies 19–6 0 2.37 139
1984 Rick Sutcliffe Chicago Cubs 16–1 0 2.69 155
1985 Dwight Gooden New York Mets 24–4 0 1.53 268
1986 Mike Scott Houston Astros 18–10 0 2.22 306
1987 Steve Bedrosian Philadelphia Phillies 5–3 40 2.83 74
1988 Orel Hershiser Los Angeles Dodgers 23–8 1 2.26 178
1989 Mark Davis San Diego Padres 4–3 44 1.85 92
1990 Doug Drabek Pittsburgh Pirates 22–6 0 2.76 131
1991 Tom Glavine Atlanta Braves 20–11 0 2.55 192
1992 Greg Maddux Chicago Cubs 20–11 0 2.18 199
1993 Greg Maddux Atlanta Braves 20–10 0 2.36 197
1994 Greg Maddux Atlanta Braves 16–6 0 1.56 156
1995 Greg Maddux Atlanta Braves 19–2 0 1.63 181
1996 John Smoltz Atlanta Braves 24–8 0 2.94 276
1997 Pedro Martínez Montreal Expos 17–8 0 1.90 305
1998 Tom Glavine Atlanta Braves 20–6 0 2.47 157
1999 Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 17–9 0 2.49 364
2000 Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 19–7 0 2.64 347
2001 Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 21–6 0 2.49 372
2002 Randy Johnson Arizona Diamondbacks 24–5 0 2.32 334
2003 Eric Gagné Los Angeles Dodgers 2–3 55 1.20 137
2004 Roger Clemens Houston Astros 18–4 0 2.98 218
2005 Chris Carpenter St. Louis Cardinals 21–5 0 2.83 213
2006 Brandon Webb Arizona Diamondbacks 16–8 0 3.10 178
2007 Jake Peavy San Diego Padres 19–6 0 2.54 240
2008 Tim Lincecum San Francisco Giants 18–5 0 2.62 265
2009 Tim Lincecum San Francisco Giants 15–7 0 2.48 261
2010 Roy Halladay Philadelphia Phillies 21–10 0 2.44 219
2011 Clayton Kershaw Los Angeles Dodgers 21–5 0 2.28 248

American League (1967–present)

Jack McDowell, one-time winner
Barry Zito, one-time winner
Johan Santana, two-time winner
Zack Greinke, one-time winner
Year Pitcher Team Record[B] Saves[C] ERA Ks
1967 Jim Lonborg Boston Red Sox 22–9 0 3.16 246
1968 Denny McLain* Detroit Tigers 31–6 0 1.96 280
1969 Mike Cuellar
Denny McLain
Baltimore Orioles
Detroit Tigers
23–11
24–9
0
0
2.38
2.80
182
181
1970 Jim Perry Minnesota Twins 24–12 0 3.04 168
1971 Vida Blue* Oakland Athletics 24–8 0 1.82 301
1972 Gaylord PerryHall of Fame Cleveland Indians 24–16 1 1.92 234
1973 Jim PalmerHall of Fame Baltimore Orioles 22–9 1 2.40 168
1974 Catfish HunterHall of Fame Oakland Athletics 25–12 0 2.49 143
1975 Jim PalmerHall of Fame Baltimore Orioles 23–11 1 2.09 193
1976 Jim PalmerHall of Fame Baltimore Orioles 22–13 0 2.51 159
1977 Sparky Lyle New York Yankees 13–5 26 2.17 68
1978 Ron Guidry New York Yankees 25–3 0 1.74 248
1979 Mike Flanagan Baltimore Orioles 23–9 0 3.08 190
1980 Steve Stone Baltimore Orioles 25–7 0 3.23 149
1981 Rollie Fingers*Hall of Fame Milwaukee Brewers 6–3 28 1.04 61
1982 Pete Vuckovich Milwaukee Brewers 18–6 0 3.34 105
1983 LaMarr Hoyt Chicago White Sox 24–10 0 3.66 148
1984 Willie Hernández* Detroit Tigers 9–3 32 1.92 112
1985 Bret Saberhagen Kansas City Royals 20–6 0 2.87 158
1986 Roger Clemens* Boston Red Sox 24–4 0 2.48 238
1987 Roger Clemens Boston Red Sox 20–9 0 2.97 256
1988 Frank Viola Minnesota Twins 24–7 0 2.64 193
1989 Bret Saberhagen Kansas City Royals 23–6 0 2.16 193
1990 Bob Welch Oakland Athletics 27–6 0 2.95 127
1991 Roger Clemens Boston Red Sox 18–10 0 2.62 241
1992 Dennis Eckersley*Hall of Fame Oakland Athletics 7–1 51 1.91 93
1993 Jack McDowell Chicago White Sox 22–10 0 3.37 158
1994 David Cone Kansas City Royals 16–5 0 2.94 132
1995 Randy Johnson Seattle Mariners 18–2 0 2.48 294
1996 Pat Hentgen Toronto Blue Jays 20–10 0 3.22 177
1997 Roger Clemens Toronto Blue Jays 21–7 0 2.05 292
1998 Roger Clemens Toronto Blue Jays 20–6 0 2.65 271
1999 Pedro Martínez Boston Red Sox 23–4 0 2.07 313
2000 Pedro Martínez Boston Red Sox 18–6 0 1.74 284
2001 Roger Clemens New York Yankees 20–3 0 3.51 213
2002 Barry Zito Oakland Athletics 23–5 0 2.75 182
2003 Roy Halladay Toronto Blue Jays 22–7 0 3.25 204
2004 Johan Santana Minnesota Twins 20–6 0 2.61 265
2005 Bartolo Colón Los Angeles Angels 21–8 0 3.48 157
2006 Johan Santana Minnesota Twins 19–6 0 2.77 265
2007 C.C. Sabathia Cleveland Indians 19–7 0 3.21 209
2008 Cliff Lee Cleveland Indians 22–3 0 2.54 170
2009 Zack Greinke Kansas City Royals 16–8 0 2.16 242
2010 Félix Hernández Seattle Mariners 13–12 0 2.27 232
2011 Justin Verlander* Detroit Tigers 24–5 0 2.40 250

Multiple winners

Randy Johnson, five-time winner

There have been 16 pitchers who have won the award multiple times. Roger Clemens currently holds the record for the most awards won, with seven. Greg Maddux (1992–1995) and Randy Johnson (1999–2002) share the record for the most consecutive awards won. Clemens, Johnson, Pedro Martínez, Gaylord Perry, and Roy Halladay are the only pitchers to have won the award in both the American League and National League; Sandy Koufax is the only pitcher who won multiple awards during the period when only one award was presented for all of Major League Baseball. Roger Clemens was the youngest pitcher to win a second Cy Young Award, while Tim Lincecum is the youngest pitcher to do so in the National League. Justin Verlander remains the last Cy Young Award winner to have won the MVP in the same season, doing so in 2011.

Pitcher # of Awards Years
Roger Clemens
7
1986, 1987, 1991, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2004
Randy Johnson
5
1995, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002
Steve Carlton
4
1972, 1977, 1980, 1982
Greg Maddux
4
1992, 1993, 1994, 1995
Sandy Koufax
3
1963, 1965, 1966
Pedro Martínez
3
1997, 1999, 2000
Jim Palmer
3
1973, 1975, 1976
Tom Seaver
3
1969, 1973, 1975
Bob Gibson
2
1968, 1970
Tom Glavine
2
1991, 1998
Denny McLain
2
1968, 1969
Gaylord Perry
2
1972, 1978
Bret Saberhagen
2
1985, 1989
Johan Santana
2
2004, 2006
Tim Lincecum
2
2008, 2009
Roy Halladay
2
2003, 2010

Unanimous winners

There have been 13 unanimous Cy Young winners in National League history.

  • Sandy Koufax (1963, 1965, 1966)
  • Greg Maddux (1994, 1995)
  • Bob Gibson (1968)
  • Steve Carlton (1972)
  • Rick Sutcliffe (1984)
  • Dwight Gooden (1985)
  • Orel Hershiser (1988)
  • Randy Johnson (2002)
  • Jake Peavy (2007)
  • Roy Halladay (2010)

There have been nine unanimous Cy Young winners in American League history.

  • Denny McLain (1968)
  • Ron Guidry (1978)
  • Roger Clemens (1986, 1998)
  • Pedro Martinez (1999, 2000)
  • Johan Santana (2004, 2006)
  • Justin Verlander (2011)

Notes

  • A The formula is: Score = 7F + 4S + 3T + 2FO + 1 FI, where F is the number of first place votes, S is second place votes, T is third place votes, FO is fourth place votes and FI is fifth place votes.[1]
  • a b c See: Decision (baseball)
  • a b c In baseball, a save is credited to a pitcher who finishes a game for the winning team under certain prescribed circumstances. It became an official statistic in Major League Baseball in 1969.

See also

References

General
Specific



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