Ilya Muromets

Ilya Muromets (Russian: Илья́ Му́ромец, literally, "Elijah of Murom") is a Kiev Rus mythical hero. He is celebrated in numerous "byliny" (folk epic poems). Along with Dobrynya Nikitich and Alyosha Popovich he is regarded as the greatest of all the legendary "bogatyrs" (i.e., medieval Russian knights-errant). (The three of them are represented together at Vasnetsov's famous painting "Богатыри", as illustrated to the right.)

Ilya in "byliny"

According to legends, Ilya, the son of a farmer, was born in the village of Karacharovo, near Murom. He suffered serious illness in his youth and was unable to walk until the age of 33 (till then he was laid on a Russian Oven), when he was miraculously healed by two pilgrims. He was then given super-human strength by a dying knight, Svyatogor, and set out to liberate the city of Kiev from Idolishche to serve Prince Vladimir the Fair Sun ("Vladimir Krasnoye Solnyshko"). Along the way he single-handedly defended the city of Chernigov from invasion by the Tatars and was offered knighthood by the local ruler, but Ilya declined to stay. In the forests of Bryansk he then killed the forest-dwelling monster Nightingale the Robber ("Solovei-Razboinik"), who could murder travellers with his powerful whistle.

In Kiev, Ilya was made chief "bogatyr" by Prince Vladimir and he defended Rus from numerous attacks by the steppe people, including Kalin, the (mythical) tsar of Golden Horde. Generous and simple-minded but also temperamental, Ilya once went on a rampage and destroyed all the church steeples in Kiev after Prince Vladimir had failed to invite him to a celebration. He was soon appeased when Vladimir sent for him.

Legendary stature

Ilya Muromets's name became a synonym of an outstanding physical and spiritual power and integrity, dedicated to the protection of the Homeland and People and over time has become a hero of numerous movies, pictures, monuments, cartoons and anecdotes. He is the only epic hero canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church.

Although the remains of Ilya Muromets are supposedly stored in Kiev Pecherski Monastery, his character probably does not represent a unique historical persona, but rather a fusion of multiple real or fictional heroes from vastly different epochs. Thus, Ilya supposedly served Prince Vladimir of Kiev (years of rule: 980-1015); he fought Batu Khan, the founder of Golden Horde (c. 1205-1255); he saved "Constantine the God-Loving", the tsar of Constantinople, from a monster (there were a number of Byzantine emperors named Constantine, none of them contemporaries of Prince Vladimir or Batu Khan, and the one most likely to be called "God-loving" was Constantine XI, 1405-1453).

Ilya Muromets depictions

* Viktor Vasnetsov's 1898 painting "Bogatyrs" (center figure).
* Reinhold Glière's 1911 Symphony No 3 (Ilya Muromets) in B minor, op. 42
* Ilya Muromets is depicted on the 1913 Russian stamp.
* Viktor Vasnetsov's 1914 painting "Ilya Muromets".
* Aleksandr Ptushko's 1956 film "Ilya Muromets".
* Vladimir Toropchin's animated feature, "Ilya Muromets and Nightingale the Robber", released on July 7, 2007. [http://3bogatirya.ru/]

References

* [http://www.pantheon.org/articles/i/ilya_muromets.html Encyclopedia Mythica]
* [http://www.tradestonegallery.com/index.php?content=fairytales Russian Fairy Tales]
* [http://www.vf.narod.ru/english/ev/ev10.htm The evolution of Christianity]

External links

* [http://www.museum.murom.ru/wwwmus/history/xa-xa.htm Pictures of Muromets] (in Russian)
* [http://www.clarihorn.freeserve.co.uk/gliere Gliere and his Third Symphony Ilya Murometz]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ilya Muromets — Die Ilya Muromets an der Anlegestelle Sacharkowo, Chimki Stausee in Moskau (Tuschino) p1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ilya Muromets — Ilya Mouromets Bogatyrs (1898) par Viktor Vasnetsov (Ilya Mouromets figure au centre) Ilya Mouromets (Russe: Илья Муромец, littéralement, « Élie de Mourom », est un héros slave originaire de Kiev. Il est célébré dans de nombreuses …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ilya Muromets — Para bombardero ruso Ilyá Múromets , véase Sikorsky Ilya Muromets. Bogatyrs (1898) de Víktor Vasnetsov (Ilyá Múromets es el personaje del centro). Ilyá Múromets (en ruso Илья Муромец, literalmente Ilyá (Elías) el de Múrom ) es un héroe de la …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ilya Muromets (film) — Infobox Film name = Ilya Muromets image size = caption = VHS Cover director = Aleksandr Ptushko producer = writer = Mikhail Kochnev narrator = starring = Boris Andreyev Shukur Burkhanov Andrei Abrikosov Natalya Medvedeva Yelena Myshkova music =… …   Wikipedia

  • Sikorsky Ilya Muromets — Ilya Muromets Tipo Bombardero Fabricante …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sikorsky Ilya Muromets — Infobox Aircraft name=Sikorsky Ilya Muromets type=bi plane bomber manufacturer=Russo Baltic Wagon Company designer=Igor Sikorsky Primary user=Imperial Russian Air Force first flight=1913 introduced=1913 number built=80+The Il ya Muromets ( ru.… …   Wikipedia

  • Ilya Mouromets — Bogatyrs (1898) par Viktor Vasnetsov (Ilya Mouromets figure au centre) Ilya Mouromets (Russe: Илья Муромец, littéralement, « Élie de Mourom », est un héros slave originaire de Kiev. Il est célébré dans de nombreuses bylines (poèmes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ilya Of Murom — ▪ Russian literary hero Russian  Ilya Muromets,         a hero of the oldest known Old Russian byliny, traditional heroic folk chants. He is presented as the principal bogatyr (knight errant) at the 10th century court of Saint Vladimir I of Kiev …   Universalium

  • Ilya — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Ilya imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = meaning = My god is He (Russian meaning) or great or glorious (Kurdish meaning) region = origin = Russian language or alternatively Kurdish related names = Elijah …   Wikipedia

  • Nightingale the Robber — Ilya Muromets and Nightingale the Robber, by Ivan Bilibin. Nightingale the Robber or Solovei the Brigand (Russian: Соловей Разбойник, Solovey Razboynik), also known as Solovey Odikhmantievich (Соловей Одихмантьевич), was an epic robber from… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”