- Star (sailboat)
Infobox Sailboat Specifications
numberofcrew = Two
loa = convert|6922|mm|ftin|abbr=on
lwl = convert|4724|mm|ftin|abbr=on
beam = convert|1734|mm|ftin|abbr=on
draft = convert|1016|mm|ftin|abbr=on
hull = convert|671|kg|abbr=on
mastheight = convert|9652|mm|ftin|abbr=on
mainsail = convert|20.5|m2|abbr=on
jib = convert|6.0|m2|abbr=on
updated = 2007-12-18
currentoly = yesThe International Star (or Starboat) is a 6.9 m (22.7 ft) one-design racing keelboat for two people.
The boat must weigh at least 671 kg (1479.3 lb) with a maximum total sail area of 26.5 msmallsup|2 (285 ftsmallsup|2). It is
sloop-rigged, with a very large mainsail. Unlike most modern racing boats, it does not use a spinnakerwhen sailing downwind. Instead, when running downwind a whisker poleis used to hold the jibout to windward for correct wind flow. Early Stars were built from wood, but modern boats are generally made of fiberglass.
The Star class pioneered an unusual circular
boom vangtrack, which allows the vang to effectively hold the boom down even when the boom is turned far outboard on a downwind run. Another notable aspect of Star sailing is the extreme hiking position adopted by the crew and at times the helmsman, who normally use a harness to help hang low off the windward side of the boat with only their lower legs inside.
The Star was designed in 1910 by
Francis Sweisguth—draftsman for William Gardner's Naval Architect office—and the first 22 were built in Port Washington, New York by Isaac Edgar "Ike" Smithduring the winter of 1910-11. Since that time, over 8,300 boats have been built. The Star has been an Olympic Gamesclass since 1932. Although far from a modern design, the class remains popular today, with about 2,000 boats in active racing fleets in North America and Europe.
The Olympics were not held in 1940 or 1944 due to
World War II.
Paul Bert Elvstrøm
* [http://www.starclass.org International Star Class Yacht Racing Association]
* The [http://www.modelyacht.org/star45.html Star 45 Class] at the "American Model Yachting Association"
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