County Dublin
County Dublin
Contae Bhaile Átha Cliath

Coat of arms
Motto: Beart do réir ár mbriathar  (Irish)
"Action to match our speech"
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County seat Dublin
Government
 – Teachta Dála 19 Labour Party TDs
17 Fine Gael TDs
4 Sinn Féin TDs
4 ULA TDs
3 Independent TDs
Area
 – Total 921 km2 (355.6 sq mi)
Area rank 30th
Population (2011) 1,270,603
 – Rank 1st
Car plates D

County Dublin (Irish: Contae Átha Cliath) is a county in Ireland. The county contains the city of Dublin, the capital of Ireland, and is located on the east coast of Ireland in the province of Leinster. County Dublin was one of the first of the parts of Ireland to be shired by King John of England following the Norman invasion of Ireland. The population of the county, including Dublin City, was 1,270,603 in 2011, according to the census of that year.[1]

Contents

Dissolution

It is no longer one of the administrative counties of Ireland as in 1994, the administrative county (which did not include the county borough of Dublin) was dissolved and the area divided into the modern administrative counties of Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, Fingal and South Dublin. Today, these areas, along with Dublin city, collectively make up the Dublin Region[2] (Réigiúin Átha Cliath) and come under the remit of the Dublin Regional Authority.

The area held formal county status until its dissolution as such in 1994, with Section 9 Part 1(a) of the Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993 stating that as of 1 January 1994 "the county shall cease to exist."[3] At that time, and in response to a European Council report highlighting Ireland as the most centralised[citation needed] country in the European Union, it was decided that a single County Dublin was unmanageable and undemocratic from a local government perspective. The county was formally abolished and replaced with Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, Fingal, and South Dublin, each with its own county seat.

In discussing the legislation to dissolve Dublin County Council, Avril Doyle, a Teachta Dála, said, "The Bill before us today effectively abolishes County Dublin, and as one born and bred in these parts of Ireland I find it rather strange that we in this House are abolishing County Dublin. I am not sure whether Dubliners realise that that is what we are about today, but in effect that is the case."[4]

Despite the legal status of the Dublin region, the term "County Dublin" is still in common usage. Many organisations and sporting teams continue to organise on a "County Dublin" or "Dublin Region" basis. The region formerly known as "County Dublin" is now defined in legislation solely as the "Dublin Region" under the Local Government Act, 1991 (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order, 1993,[2] and this is the terminology officially used by the four Dublin administrative councils in press releases concerning the former county area. The term Greater Dublin Area, which might consist of some or all of the Dublin Region along with counties of Kildare, Meath and Wicklow, has no legal standing.

The latest Ordnance Survey Ireland "Discovery Series" (Third Edition 2005) 1:50,000 map of the Dublin Region, Sheet 50, shows the boundaries of the city and three surrounding counties of the region. Extremities of the Dublin Region, in the north and south of the region, appear in other sheets of the series, 43 and 56 respectively.

Local government and politics

Dublin Region

A corporate body for the government of the city with a status of county borough has existed for centuries. Dublin County Council was abolished in 1994 and was replaced by three new county councils. In summary, the local authority divisions within the Dublin Region are the following:

Name Area Population
1 Dublin City 114.99 km2 (44.40 sq mi) 525,383
2 Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown 127.31 km2 (49.15 sq mi) 206,995
3 Fingal 454.60 km2 (175.52 sq mi) 273,051
4 South Dublin 222.74 km2 (86.00 sq mi) 265,174

They rank equally as first level local administrative units of the NUTS 3 Dublin Region for Eurostat purposes. There are 34 LAU 1 entities in the Republic of Ireland. Each local authority is responsible for certain local services such as sanitation, planning and development, libraries, the collection of motor taxation, local roads and social housing. The county is part of the Dublin constituency for the purposes of European elections. For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is divided into twelve constituencies: Dublin Central, Dublin Mid West, Dublin North, Dublin North Central, Dublin North East, Dublin North West, Dublin South, Dublin South Central, Dublin South East, Dublin South West, Dublin West and Dún Laoghaire. Together they return 47 deputies (TDs) to the Dáil.

Media

Most of the area can receive the five main UK television channels on analogue television as well as the main Irish channels, along with Sky TV and UPC cable television.

Transport

  • Road: The major roads are the N2, N3, N4 and N7 national primary roads, and the M1, M11 and M50 motorways.

Towns and suburbs

See also


References

  1. ^ Census of Population 2011: Preliminary Results, Central Statistics Office. Retrieved 30 October 2011
  2. ^ a b "Local Government Act, 1991 (Regional Authorities) (Establishment) Order, 1993". http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/ZZSI394Y1993.html. Retrieved 2009-07-31. 
  3. ^ Act of the Oireachtas: Local Government (Dublin) Act, 1993 (Section 9 Part 1(a))
  4. ^ Dáil Éireann: Parliamentary Debates (3 November, 1993)
  5. ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  6. ^ "Census for post 1821 figures". http://www.cso.ie/census. 
  7. ^ "Histpop - The Online Historical Population Reports Website homepage". http://www.histpop.org. Retrieved 4 December 2010. 
  8. ^ "Northern Ireland Census of Population". NISRA. http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census. Retrieved 4 December 2010. 
  9. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A.. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  10. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700-1850". The Economic History Review 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120035880/abstract 

External links


Coordinates: 53°25′N 6°15′W / 53.417°N 6.25°W / 53.417; -6.25


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