Canes Venatici

Infobox Constellation
name = Canes Venatici
abbreviation = CVn
genitive = Canum Venaticorum
symbology = the Hunting Dogs
RA = 13
dec= +40
areatotal = 465
arearank = 38th
numbermainstars = 2
numberbfstars = 21
numberstarsplanets = 0
numberbrightstars = 1
numbernearbystars = 1
brighteststarname = Cor Caroli (α CVn)
starmagnitude = 2.90
neareststarname = β CVn
stardistance = 27.4
numbermessierobjects = 5
meteorshowers = Canes Venaticids
bordering = Ursa Major
Boötes
Coma Berenices
latmax = 90
latmin = 40
month = May
notes=

Canes Venatici (pron-en|ˈkeɪniːz vɨˈnætɨsaɪ, _la. hunting dogs) is a small northern constellation that was introduced by Johannes Hevelius in the 17th century. It represents the dogs "Chara" and "Asterion" held on a leash by Boötes.

Notable features

Canes Venatici is one of three constellations that represent dogs, along with Canis Major and Canis Minor. The constellation's brightest star is Cor Caroli (α² CVn), named by Edmund Halley in memory of the king Charles I, King of England, or his son, Charles II. It is of magnitude 2.90.

La Superba (Y CVn) is a semiregular variable star that varies between magnitudes 4.7 and 6.2 over a period of around 158 days. It is a carbon star and is famous for being deep red.

AM CVn, a very blue star of magnitude 14, is the prototype of a special class of cataclysmic variable stars, in which the companion star is a white dwarf, rather than a main sequence star. RS CVn is the prototype of a special class of binary stars [ [http://simbad3.u-strasbg.fr/sim-id.pl?protocol=html&Ident=RS+CVn SIMBAD Query Result: RS CVn -- Variable of RS CVn type] on the SIMBAD database] of chromospherically active and optically variable components.

Notable deep sky objects

Canes Venatici contains five Messier objects, including four galaxies. One of the more significant galaxies in Canes Venatici is the Whirlpool Galaxy (M51, NGC 5194) and NGC 5195, a small barred spiral galaxy that is seen face on. This was the first galaxy recognised as having a spiral structure, this structure being first observed by Lord Rosse in 1845.

Other notable spiral galaxies in Canes Venatici are the Sunflower Galaxy (M63, NGC 5055), Messier 94 (NGC 4736), and Messier 106 (NGC 4258).

Messier 3 (NGC 5272) is a globular cluster. It is 18' in diameter, and at magnitude 6.3 is bright enough to be seen with binoculars.

History

The name of the constellation of Bootes means "herdsman". Some of its component stars were traditionally described as representing his cudgel, which in Greek was called Κολλοροβος. When the Almagest was translated from Greek to Arabic, the translator did not know the Greek word Κολλοροβος, but rendered it as the nearest-looking Arabic word: "dhāt al-kullāb" ذات الكلاب "having a hook", probably thinking of a shepherd's crook. When the Arabic text was translated into a Western European language, the translator mistook the Arabic word كلاب as "kilāb" = "dogs": Latin "hastile habens canes" = "spearshaft having dogs", which expression floated about the astronomical literature until Hevelius decided to find those dogs in the sky.

The northern of the two hunting dogs was named "Asterion", and was sometimes regarded as an independent constellation or at least an asterism. The southern dog was named "Chara". The name of the dogs still lives in the alternate names of α CVn.

The star α CVn was initially regarded as an independent asterism or constellation. Its full name was "Cor Caroli Regis Martyris" (after Charles I of England who was executed for high treason) [ [http://www.lindahall.org/events_exhib/exhibit/exhibits/stars/she.htm Linda Hall exhibit: Out of This World, page 15] (Manilius, Marcus)] , but irrespective of royal sympathies, such a name required abbreviation. Furthermore, the constellation contained just 1 star, α CVn, which in the end got the name Cor Caroli.

Citations

References

* Ian Ridpath and Wil Tirion (2007). "Stars and Planets Guide", Collins, London. ISBN 978-0007251209. Princeton University Press, Princeton. ISBN 978-0691135564.

External links

* [http://www.daveweb.co.uk/SloanCV.pdf Photographic Catalogue of Deep Sky Objects in Canes Venatici]
* [http://www.allthesky.com/constellations/canesvenatici/ The Deep Photographic Guide to the Constellations: Canes Venatici]
* [http://www.ianridpath.com/startales/canesvenatici.htm Star Tales – Canes Venatici]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Canes Venatici — Nombre Latino Canes Venatici Abreviatura CVn …   Wikipedia Español

  • Canes venatĭci — (lat.), Sternbild, s. Jagdhunde …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Canes Venatici — (los perros cazadores o los lebreles) es una pequeña constelación del norte introducida por Johannes Hevelius en el siglo XVII. Se supone que representa a los perros Chara y Asterión. A su estrella principal, Alpha, se le conoce con el nombre… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Canes Venatici — Canes Venatici,   Abkürzung CVn, lateinische Bezeichnung für das Sternbild Jagdhunde am nördlichen Himmel …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Canes Venatici — [kā′nēz΄ və nat′ə sī΄] n. a N constellation between Ursa Major and Boötes …   English World dictionary

  • Canes Venatici — Daten des Sternbildes Jagdhunde Deutscher Name Jagdhunde Lateinischer Name Canes Venatici Lateinischer Genitiv Canum Venaticorum Lateinische Abkürzung CVn Lage auf Himmelsäquator …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Canes Venatici — /kay neez veuh nat euh suy /, gen. Canum Venaticorum /kay neuhm veuh nat i kawr euhm, kohr /. Astron. the Hunting Dogs, a small northern constellation south of Ursa Major. [ < L] * * * …   Universalium

  • Canes Venatici — noun A dim spring constellation of the northern sky, said to resemble a pair of hunting dogs (Chara and Asterion) held on a leash by Boötes and following the bear Ursa Major …   Wiktionary

  • Canes Venatici — /ˌkaniz vəˈnætəsaɪ/ (say .kahneez vuh natuhsuy) noun (genitive Canum Venaticorum /ˌkanʊm vɪnætəˈkɔrəm/ (say .kahnoom vinatuh kawruhm)) a small constellation near Ursa Major, in the Northern Hemisphere. {New Latin: hunting dogs; coined by J… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Canes Venatici — /kay neez veuh nat euh suy /, gen. Canum Venaticorum /kay neuhm veuh nat i kawr euhm, kohr /. Astron. the Hunting Dogs, a small northern constellation south of Ursa Major. [ < L] …   Useful english dictionary

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