Caelum
Caelum
Constellation
Caelum
List of stars in Caelum
Abbreviation Cae
Genitive Caeli
Pronunciation /ˈsiːləm/, genitive /ˈsiːlaɪ/
Symbolism the chisel
Right ascension 5 h
Declination −40°
Quadrant SQ1
Area 125 sq. deg. (81st)
Main stars 4
Bayer/Flamsteed
stars
8
Stars with planets 0
Stars brighter than 3.00m 0
Stars within 10.00 pc (32.62 ly) 1
Brightest star α Cae (4.45m)
Nearest star RR Cae
(26.31 ly, 8.07 pc)
Messier objects 0
Meteor showers None
Bordering
constellations
Columba
Lepus
Eridanus
Horologium
Dorado
Pictor
Visible at latitudes between +40° and −90°.
Best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the month of January.

Caelum is a faint constellation in the southern sky, introduced in the 18th century by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille. Its name means "the chisel" in Latin, and it was formerly known as Cæla Sculptoris, "the sculptor's chisel". It is the eighth smallest constellation, with an area just less than that of Corona Australis.

Contents

Notable features

Caelum is a faint constellation, having no star brighter than fourth magnitude. Its brightest star is the magnitude 4.45 α Caeli.

A small telescope splits γ Caeli into a magnitude 4.5 red giant and a magnitude 6.34 white giant. Larger telescopes are needed to see several NGC objects, all galaxies, but none brighter than magnitude 11.5 or larger than 3 arcminutes.[1]

Most notable galaxies are NGC 1571, NGC 1679 and IC 2106.[2]

Namesakes

USS Caelum (AK-106) was a United States Navy ship named after the constellation.

Citations

References

  • Ridpath, Ian; Wil Tirion (2007). Stars and Planets Guide. London: Collins. ISBN 978-0-00-725120-9. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691135564. 

External links

Coordinates: Sky map 05h 00m 00s, −40° 00′ 00″


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Caelum — Nombre Latino Caelum Abreviatura Cae …   Wikipedia Español

  • caelum — index climate Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Caelum — (el cincel) es una constelación menor del hemisferio sur, introducida por Nicolas Louis de Lacaille …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Caelum —   [lateinisch »Meißel«, »Grabstichel«], Abkürzung Cae, lateinisch Bezeichnung für das Sternbild Grabstichel am südlichen Himmel …   Universal-Lexikon

  • CAELUM — a caedo, Graece γλύφανον, apud Theocritum, qui poculum in certamine rustico depositum ita describit, Καὶ βαθὺ κιςςύβιον κεκλυσμένον ἀδἕι καρῷ Α᾿μφωὲς νεοτευχὲς, ἔτι γλυφάνοτο ποτόσδον Τῷ περὶ μὲν χείλη μαρύεται ὑψόθι κιςςούςτκτλ. Latine scalprum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Caelum — [sē′ləm] n. a small S constellation between Columba and Eridanus …   English World dictionary

  • Caelum — Daten des Sternbildes Grabstichel Deutscher Name Grabstichel Lateinischer Name Caelum Lateinischer Genitiv Caeli Lateinische Abkürzung Cae Lage auf Himmelsäquator …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Caelum — /see leuhm/, n., gen. Caeli / luy, lee/. Astron. the Sculptor s Tool, or Chisel, a small southern constellation between Columba and Eridanus. [ < L: engraving tool] * * * …   Universalium

  • Caelum — noun A summer constellation of the southern sky, said to resemble a chisel …   Wiktionary

  • Caelum — /ˈsiləm/ (say seeluhm) noun (genitive Caeli /ˈsilaɪ/ (say seeluy)) a small constellation between Horologium and Columba. {New Latin, from Latin: the sculptor s chisel; coined by N de La Caille, 1713–62} …   Australian English dictionary

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