Corona Borealis
Corona Borealis
Constellation
Corona Borealis
List of stars in Corona Borealis
Abbreviation CrB
Genitive Coronae Borealis
Pronunciation /kɵˈroʊnə bɒriˈælɨs/, genitive /kɵˈroʊniː/
Symbolism The Northern Crown
Right ascension 16 h
Declination +30°
Quadrant NQ3
Area 179 sq. deg. (73rd)
Main stars 8
Bayer/Flamsteed
stars
24
Stars with planets 3
Stars brighter than 3.00m 4
Stars within 10.00 pc (32.62 ly) 0
Brightest star α CrB (Alphecca or Gemma) (2.21m)
Nearest star HD 144579
(46.86 ly, 17.25 pc)
Messier objects 0
Meteor showers None
Bordering
constellations
Hercules
Boötes
Serpens Caput
Visible at latitudes between +90° and −50°.
Best visible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) during the month of July.

Corona Borealis is a small constellation in the northern sky. Its name is Latin for "northern crown", a name inspired by its shape; its main stars form a semicircular arc. It was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd century astronomer Ptolemy and remains one of the 88 modern constellations.

Contents

Notable features

Stars

Corona Borealis has no first magnitude stars. Its brightest star, α CrB (Alphecca, also known as Gemma) is of magnitude 2.2 (slightly variable) and is considered a member of the diffuse Ursa Major Moving Group. The constellation contains several interesting variable stars: two of the best known are R Coronae Borealis and T Coronae Borealis.

Named Stars

Bayer Name Origin Meaning The Northern Crown
α Alphekka/Gemma Arabic "The broken" crown of stars
β Nusakan Arabic The two series
T Blaze Star English The star that blazes

Deep sky objects

Corona Borealis contains no bright deep sky objects. Abell 2065 is a highly concentrated galaxy cluster containing over 400 members, the brightest of which are of 16th magnitude.

Mythology

In Greek mythology, Corona Borealis was sometimes considered to represent a crown that was given by Dionysus to Ariadne, the daughter of Minos of Crete (the story is told by Ovid, Fasti III 459-516). In Welsh mythology, it was called Caer Arianrhod, "the Castle of the Silver Circle", and was the heavenly abode of the Lady Arianrhod (Squire, 2000:154-155). In Arabic mythology, the constellation was known as "the bowl of the poor people" from the Arabic name قصعة المساكين, since the stars form an unsymmetrical pattern with an indent in one side, similar to the bowl of the poor. The Arabs also called the constellation Alphecca (a name later given to [[Alpha Corona Borealis), which means separated or broken up since the stars of Corona Borealis resembles a loose string of jewels.[1]

Equivalents

In Australian Aboriginal astronomy, the constellation is called womera ("the boomerang") due to the shape of the stars.[2]

The Cheyenne nation of Native Americans called the main stars of this constellation the "Camp Circle" as they arranged their camps in a semicircle.

In Chinese astronomy, the stars of Corona Borealis are located within the Heavenly Market enclosure (天市垣, Tiān Shì Yuán)[3]

See also

References

  • Ian Ridpath and Wil Tirion (2007). Stars and Planets Guide, Collins, London. ISBN 978-0007251209. Princeton University Press, Princeton. ISBN 978-0691135564.
  • Squire, C. (2000). The mythology of the British Islands: an introduction to Celtic myth, legend, poetry and romance. London & Ware: UCL & Wordsworth Editions Ltd.
  1. ^ Paul Kunitzch and Tom Smart, A Short Guide to Modern Star Names and their Derivations (Harrassowitz, 1986).
  2. ^ p. 151, Star Lore: Myths, Legends, and Facts, William Tyler Olcott, New York, Dover Publication Inc., 2004
  3. ^ (Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 6 月 26 日

External links

Coordinates: Sky map 16h 00m 00s, +30° 00′ 00″


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Corona Borealis — Nombre Latino Corona Borealis Abreviatura CrB …   Wikipedia Español

  • Corona Borealis — Corona Borealis,   Abkürzung Cr B, lateinische Bezeichnung für das Sternbild Nördliche Krone am Nordhimmel …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Corona Borealis — [bôr΄ē al′is, bôr΄ēā′lis] n. [L, Northern Crown] a N constellation between Hercules and Boötes; the Northern Crown …   English World dictionary

  • Corona Borealis — Daten des Sternbildes Nördliche Krone Deutscher Name Nördliche Krone Lateinischer Name Corona Borealis Lateinischer Genitiv Coronae Borealis Lateinische Abkürzung CrB Lage auf Himmelsäquator …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Corona Borealis — noun Etymology: New Latin (genitive Coronae Borealis), literally, northern crown Date: 1615 a northern constellation between Hercules and Boötes …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Corona Borealis — /keuh roh neuh bawr ee al is, ay lis, bohr /, gen. Coronae Borealis /keuh roh nee bawr ee al is, ay lis, bohr /. Astron. the Northern Crown, a northern constellation between Hercules and Boötes. [ < L: lit., northern crown] * * * …   Universalium

  • Corona Borealis — Co•ro•na Bo•re•al•is [[t]kəˈroʊ nə ˌbɔr iˈæl ɪs, ˈeɪ lɪs, ˌboʊr [/t]] n. gen. Co•ro•nae Borealis [[t]kəˈroʊ ni[/t]] astron. the Northern Crown, a constellation between Hercules and Boötes • Etymology: < L: lit., northern crown …   From formal English to slang

  • Corona Borealis — /kəroʊnə bɔriˈaləs/ (say kuhrohnuh bawree ahluhs) noun (genitive Coronae Borealis /kəroʊni bɔriˈaləs/ (say kuhrohnee bawree ahluhs)) a small constellation between the constellations Boötes and Hercules in the Northern Hemisphere. {Latin: northern …   Australian English dictionary

  • Corona Borealis — noun A small constellation said to resemble a crown …   Wiktionary

  • Corona Borealis — Northern Crown, northern constellation …   English contemporary dictionary

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