Triglav viewed from Debela Peč, 2002
Elevation 2,864 m (9,396 ft) Prominence 2,052 m (6,732 ft) Listing Country high point
Location Upper Carniola, Slovenia Range Julian Alps Coordinates Coordinates: Climbing First ascent 1778 Easiest route scramble / via ferrata
Triglav (Italian: Tricorno, German: Terglau) is the highest mountain in Slovenia and the highest peak of the Julian Alps. While its name, meaning "three-headed", can describe its shape as seen from the Bohinj area, the mountain was most probably named after the Slavic god Triglav. The mountain is the preeminent symbol of the Slovene nation. A stylized depiction of its distinctive shape is the central element of the Slovenian coat of arms, and is in turn featured on the flag of Slovenia (and, formerly, on the coat of arms of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia). A photorealistic relief of the mountain is the design on the national side of the Slovenian 50 eurocent coin.
The first recorded ascent of Triglav was made on 26 August 1778, by Luka Korošec, Matija Kos, Štefan Rožič and Lovrenc Willomitzer, on the initiative of baron Sigismund Zois. Its height was first measured in 1808 by Valentin Stanič.
At the top of the mountain stands a small metal structure, the Aljaž Tower (Slovene: Aljažev stolp), symbolic of Slovenian territorial sovereignty. The tower's namesake was the priest, mountaineer and patriot Jakob Aljaž, who around 1900 purchased the Kredarica waypoint and the summit for the sum of five Austro-Hungarian florins.
Since 1961, the mountain has been the centerpiece of Triglav National Park, Slovenia's only national park.
A Slovene flag was unfurled from the summit of Triglav on 26 June 1991, the night of the declaration of independence of Slovenia from Yugoslavia.
The Triglav area is also the setting of an old Slovene folktale concerning a hunter seeking a treasure guarded by an enchanted chamois buck named Zlatorog (Goldhorn, after its golden horns).
A remnant of the Triglav Glacier (Sln. Triglavski ledenik) is situated below the summit; covering the area of 15 hectares in 1946, it now covers an area of 1.08 hectares only, and is predicted to totally disappear within the following 5 to 10 years.
Triglav in art
Triglav in Slovene contemporary art
Since 1968, a certain provocative controversy has been at work in contemporary Slovene arts. This experimental, retro, avant-garde, "artivistic", and artistic-political controversy seemingly refers to the famed happening of the group OHO's Mount Triglav, which originally took place on 30 December 1968 in Ljubljana's Zvezda Park. It was later resurrected and reimagined, first by the group IRWIN in 2004 as Like to Like/ Mount Triglav, and last year it was performed atop Mount Triglav by the artists Janez Janša (director), Janez Janša (artist) and Janez Janša (performance artist) as Mount Triglav on Mount Triglav.
In 1986, the Laibach/IRWIN/Neue Slowenische Kunst theater production Krst pod Triglavom - Baptism Below Triglav was produced and released as an album. The performance was centered around the theme of Slovenia's conversion to Christianity by invading Germanic peoples.
Triglav in the art of SFRY
Triglav was the highest peak of (now defunct) Yugoslavia; it was both the most prominent peak and, together with the southern Vardar river (now in Republic of Macedonia), the symbol of Yugoslav "brotherhood and unity".
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