Camelopardalis

Infobox Constellation
name = Camelopardalis
abbreviation = Cam
genitive = Camelopardalis
symbology = the Giraffe
RA = 6
dec= +70
areatotal = 757
arearank = 18th
numbermainstars = 2, 8
numberbfstars = 36
numberstarsplanets = 3 | numberbrightstars = 0
numbernearbystars = 0
brighteststarname = β Cam
starmagnitude = 4.03
neareststarname = HD 46588
stardistance = 58.22
numbermessierobjects = 0
meteorshowers = October Camelopardalids
bordering = Draco
Ursa Minor
Cepheus
Cassiopeia
Perseus
Auriga
Lynx
Ursa Major
latmax = 90
latmin = 10
month = February
notes=

Camelopardalis (pron-en|kəˌmɛləˈpɑrdəlɨs, from Ancient Greek "καμηλοπάρδαλις" - kamēlopardalis, _la. giraffe), is the name of a large but faint northern constellation first recorded by Jakob Bartsch in 1624, but probably created earlier by Petrus Plancius.

Notable features

Although Camelopardalis is the 18th largest constellation, it is not a particularly bright constellation, as the brightest stars are only of fourth magnitude.

β Camelopardalis is the brightest star, at apparent magnitude 4.03. This star is a double star, with components of magnitudes 4.0 and 7.4.

The second brightest is CS Camelopardalis, which has neither a Bayer or Flamsteed designation. It is of magnitude 4.21 and is slightly variable.

In older astronomy books, one will sometimes see an alternative spelling of the name as "Camelopardus".

Notable deep sky objects

NGC 2403 is a spiral galaxy approximately 11 million light years distant. It is of magnitude 8.4. NGC 1502 is a magnitude 6.0 open cluster about 6,800 light years distant. NGC1501 is a planetary nebula. NGC 2655 is a small galaxy.

History

Camelopardalis has no mythology associated with its stars, as it is a modern constellation. The faintness of the constellation, and that of the nearby constellation Lynx, lead to the early Greeks considering this area of the sky to be empty, and thus a desert.

However, as a desert, together with other features in the Zodiac sign of Gemini (i.e. the Milky Way, and the constellations Gemini, Orion, Auriga, and Canis Major), this may be the origin of the myth of the cattle of Geryon, which forms one of The Twelve Labours of Herakles.

Graphic visualization

The stars of the constellation Camelopardalis can be connected in a fuller way, which graphically shows a giraffe.


The giraffe's body consists of the quadrangle of stars α Cam, β Cam, BE Cam, and γ Cam: α Cam and β Cam being of the fourth magnitude.

The stars HD 42818 (HR 2209) and M Cam form the head of the giraffe, and the stars M Cam and α Cam form the giraffe's long neck.

Stars β Cam and 7 Cam form the giraffe's front leg, and variable stars BE Cam and CS Cam form the giraffe's hind leg.

References

* H. A. Rey, "The Stars — A New Way To See Them". Enlarged World-Wide Edition. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1997. ISBN 0-395-24830-2.
* Ian Ridpath and Wil Tirion (2007). "Stars and Planets Guide", Collins, London. ISBN 978-0007251209. Princeton University Press, Princeton. ISBN 978-0691135564.
* [http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/mission/interstellar.html NASA - Voyager Interstellar Mission Characteristics]

External links

* [http://www.allthesky.com/constellations/camelopardalis/ The Deep Photographic Guide to the Constellations: Camelopardalis]
* [http://www.ianridpath.com/startales/camelopardalis.htm Star Tales – Camelopardalis]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Camelopardalis — Nombre Latino Camelopardalis Abreviatura Cam …   Wikipedia Español

  • CAMELOPARDALIS — Aristoteli ignota fuit et Graecis omnibus, usque ad Agatharchidem, sub Prolemaeo VI. seu Philometore; post quem Artemidorus, Prolemaeo VIII. seu Lathyro aequalis; et tertius Diodorus, sub Iulio Caesare, tam inepte de ea scribit, ut appareat, tum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Camelopardălis — Camelopardălis, so v.w. Giraffe …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Camelopardalis — (lat.), die Giraffe …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Camelopardalis — Camēlopardălis, s. Giraffe …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Camelopardalis — Camelopardalis, la jirafa, es una gran constelación del norte …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Camelopardalis — [kə mel΄əpär′dəskə mel΄ə pär′də lis] n. [see CAMELOPARD] a N constellation between Ursa Major and Cassiopeia; the Giraffe: also called Camelopardus [kə mel΄əpär′dəs] …   English World dictionary

  • Camelopardalis — Daten des Sternbildes Giraffe Deutscher Name Giraffe Lateinischer Name Camelopardalis Lateinischer Genitiv Camelopardalis Lateinische Abkürzung Cam Lage Nördlicher Fixsternhimmel Rektaszension …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Camelopardalis — noun Etymology: Latin (genitive Camelopardalis), camelopard Date: 1836 a northern constellation between Cassiopeia and Ursa Major …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Camelopardalis — /keuh mel euh pahr dl is, kam euh loh /, n., gen. Camelopardalis. Astron. the Giraffe, a northern constellation between Ursa Major and Perseus. * * * …   Universalium

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