name = Camelopardalis
abbreviation = Cam
genitive = Camelopardalis
symbology = the
RA = 6
areatotal = 757
arearank = 18th
numbermainstars = 2, 8
numberbfstars = 36
numberstarsplanets = 3 | numberbrightstars = 0
numbernearbystars = 0
brighteststarname = β Cam
starmagnitude = 4.03
neareststarname = HD 46588
stardistance = 58.22
numbermessierobjects = 0
bordering = Draco
latmax = 90
latmin = 10
month = February
Camelopardalis (pron-en|kəˌmɛləˈpɑrdəlɨs, from
Ancient Greek"καμηλοπάρδαλις" - kamēlopardalis, _la. giraffe), is the name of a large but faint northern constellationfirst recorded by Jakob Bartschin 1624, but probably created earlier by Petrus Plancius.
Although Camelopardalis is the 18th largest constellation, it is not a particularly bright constellation, as the brightest stars are only of fourth magnitude.
β Camelopardalis is the brightest star, at
apparent magnitude4.03. This star is a double star, with components of magnitudes 4.0 and 7.4.
In older astronomy books, one will sometimes see an alternative spelling of the name as "Camelopardus".
Notable deep sky objects
NGC 2403 is a
spiral galaxyapproximately 11 million light years distant. It is of magnitude 8.4. NGC 1502is a magnitude 6.0 open clusterabout 6,800 light years distant. NGC1501 is a planetary nebula. NGC 2655 is a small galaxy.
Camelopardalis has no mythology associated with its stars, as it is a modern constellation. The faintness of the constellation, and that of the nearby constellation Lynx, lead to the early Greeks considering this area of the sky to be empty, and thus a
However, as a desert, together with other features in the
Zodiacsign of Gemini (i.e. the Milky Way, and the constellations Gemini, Orion, Auriga, and Canis Major), this may be the origin of the myth of the cattle of Geryon, which forms one of The Twelve Laboursof Herakles.
The stars of the constellation Camelopardalis can be connected in a fuller way, which graphically shows a
HD 42818(HR 2209) and M Cam form the headof the giraffe, and the stars M Cam and α Cam form the giraffe's long neck.
* H. A. Rey, "The Stars — A New Way To See Them". Enlarged World-Wide Edition. Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1997. ISBN 0-395-24830-2.
* Ian Ridpath and Wil Tirion (2007). "Stars and Planets Guide", Collins, London. ISBN 978-0007251209. Princeton University Press, Princeton. ISBN 978-0691135564.
* [http://voyager.jpl.nasa.gov/mission/interstellar.html NASA - Voyager Interstellar Mission Characteristics]
* [http://www.allthesky.com/constellations/camelopardalis/ The Deep Photographic Guide to the Constellations: Camelopardalis]
* [http://www.ianridpath.com/startales/camelopardalis.htm Star Tales – Camelopardalis]
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