Camp David

Coordinates: 39°38′54″N 77°27′54″W / 39.64833°N 77.465°W / 39.64833; -77.465

Camp David
(Naval Support Facility Thurmont)
Catoctin Mountain Park
Frederick County, Maryland
 United States
Camp David.jpg
Main Lodge at Camp David during the Nixon administration, February 9, 1971
Type Military base
Built 1935 (1935)
Built by Works Progress Administration
Current
owner
U.S. Government
Open to
the public
No
Controlled by U.S. Navy
Occupants President of the United States, First Lady of the United States
Events Camp David Accords
2000 Camp David Summit
CampDavid is located in Maryland
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Camp
David
Location of Camp David

Camp David is the country retreat of the President of the United States and his guests. It is located in low wooded hills about 60 mi (100 km) north-northwest of Washington, D.C., on the property of Catoctin Mountain Park in unincorporated Frederick County, Maryland, near Thurmont,[1][2][3] at an elevation of approximately 1,850 feet. It is officially known as Naval Support Facility Thurmont and technically a military installation; staffing is primarily provided by the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Marine Corps.

First known as Hi-Catoctin, Camp David was originally built as a camp for federal government agents and their families, by the WPA, starting in 1935, opening in 1938.[4] In 1942 it was converted to a presidential retreat by Franklin D. Roosevelt and renamed Shangri-La. Camp David received its present name from Dwight D. Eisenhower, in honor of his father and grandson, both named David.[5] Camp David is not open to the general public. Catoctin Mountain Park does not indicate the location of Camp David on its official park maps due to privacy and security concerns.[3]

Contents

Presidential use

Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian president Anwar Sadat with U.S. president Jimmy Carter at Camp David in 1978

Every president since Franklin Roosevelt has made use of Camp David.

Navy operations

Camp David is a U.S. Navy installation, commanded by a naval commander. Sailors are mostly Seabees and most officers are in the civil engineering field. The Navy Seabee detachment performs maintenance and beautification. The sailors must undergo a "Yankee White" level background check, which involves passing the most rigorous background check conducted by the Department of Defense (DOD). The sailors are hand-picked for their service at Camp David, and are among the best of the U.S. Navy. Some of the sailors include: grounds and maintenance personnel, electricians, carpenters, corpsmen, and the President's cooks.

The camp is alleged to be one of the most secure facilities in the world, as reported by a Department of Defense journal in 1998. The facility is guarded by one of the United States Marine Corps' most elite units, Marine Corps Security Force Regiment (MSC-CD). Each Marine is hand-picked from the infantry field and sent through a battery of psychological and physical tests. Selected Marines must then undergo specialized security training at the Marine Corps Security Forces School in Chesapeake, Virginia. The candidates then report to the Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C., where they provide protection for the barracks, the Commandant of the Marine Corps and the Chief of Naval Operations. Assuming a Marine successfully completes his "pre-assignment" in Washington, he still must undergo the "Yankee White" background check. Only then is the candidate eligible for assignment to Camp David. Once at Camp David, Marines are rigorously trained in advanced security protocol, small unit tactics, close range weapons training and a variety of other topics. Marines receive private and semi-private courses with instructors from throughout the Marine Corps, the United States military, the special operations community, federal law enforcement, and other agencies. Camp David Marines also receive continuous marksmanship and advanced close-quarters-battle training at facilities on the campus as well as other sites in the region. After 12 months of service at Camp David, servicemen are awarded the Presidential Service Badge. Tours of duty at Camp David typically last for 18 to 24 months.

Security issues

On July 2, 2011, an F-15E intercepted a small two- seat passenger plane flying near Camp David, where President Obama was in residence. The civilian aircraft, which was out of radio communication, was intercepted approximately six miles (10 kilometers) from the presidential retreat. The F-15E escorted the aircraft out of the area and it landed in nearby Hagerstown, Maryland without incident. The civilian plane's occupants were flying between two Maryland towns and were released without charge.[13]

On July 10, 2011, an F-15 Intercepted another small two-seat passenger plane flying near Camp David where President Obama was in residence, totalling the number of interceptions over the July 9 weekend at 3 planes.[14]

Gallery

See also

Portal icon Government of the United States portal
Portal icon Maryland portal

Notes

  1. ^ "Park Map Viewer." Catoctin Mountain Park. Retrieved on February 4, 2011.
  2. ^ "Thurmont town, Maryland." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on February 4, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Frequently Asked Questions." Catoctin Mountain Park, Retrieved on February 4, 2011. "10. Where is Camp David? The Presidential Retreat is within the park however, it is not open to the public and its location is not shown on our park maps for both security and privacy. If you're interested in historical information, visit our Presidential Retreat webpage."
  4. ^ "12 WPA Projects that Still Exist". How Stuff Works. Publications International, Ltd.. http://people.howstuffworks.com/12-wpa-projects-that-still-exist.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  5. ^ Eisenhower, David; Julie Nixon Eisenhower (2010). Going Home to Glory: A Memoir of Life with Dwight David Eisenhower, 1961-1969. New York: Simon and Schuster. pp. 31. 
  6. ^ a b "Camp David". Whitehouse.gov. http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/camp_david/. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  7. ^ "Camp David: A History of the Presidential Retreat". Infoplease.com. 1942-07-18. http://www.infoplease.com/spot/campdavid1.html. Retrieved 2009-06-29. 
  8. ^ "Thatcher Reagan Camp David sofa 1984.jpg". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Thatcher_Reagan_Camp_David_sofa_1984.jpg. 
  9. ^ Sanger, David (September 27, 2003). "With Issues to Resolve, Bush Welcomes Putin to Camp David". nytimes.co.uk. http://www.nytimes.com/2003/09/27/world/with-issues-to-resolve-bush-welcomes-putin-to-camp-david.html. Retrieved August 6, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Camp David". http://www.losthorizon.org/found/CampDavid/. 
  11. ^ "Brown to meet Bush at Camp David". news.bbc.co.uk. July 26, 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/6917760.stm. Retrieved August 6, 2011. 
  12. ^ Sullivan, Amy (June 29, 2009). "The Obamas Find a Church Home — Away from Home". Time. http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,1907610,00.html. Retrieved December 14, 2009. 
  13. ^ "NORAD intercepts aircraft near Camp David, where President Obama staying with family". Washington Post. July 2, 2011. http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/norad-intercepts-aircraft-near-camp-david-where-president-obama-staying-with-family/2011/07/02/AGZWpQvH_story.html. Retrieved July 2, 2011. 
  14. ^ Weil, Martin (Sunday, July 10). "Jet fighters intercept planes 3 times over weekend near Camp David". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/jet-fighters-intercept-planes-3-times-over-weekend-near-camp-david/2011/07/10/gIQAEzan7H_story.html. Retrieved July 10, 2011. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Camp David — Camp David, Acuerdos de * * * Lugar campestre de descanso de los presidentes de EE.UU., ubicado en la zona septentrional de Maryland. La pintoresca zona montañosa (81 ha o 200 acres) fue creada en 1942 por el pdte. Franklin Roosevelt bajo el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Camp David — U.S. presidential retreat near Thurmont, Maryland, built 1939 as Hi Catoctin, in ref. to the name of the mountains around it; called Shangri La by F.D. Roosevelt, after the mythical hard to get to land in the novel Lost Horizon; named Camp David… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Camp David — Camp Da|vid the country home of the US President, where the President goes to relax. People remember it especially for the Camp David Agreement, which established peace between Egypt and Israel and was signed at Camp David in 1979 …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Camp David — (accords de) traité de paix conclu, sur les instances de J. Carter, entre l égypte (Sadate) et Israël (Begin), dans une résidence des présidents des È. U. (Maryland), en 1978 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Camp David — the country home of the U.S. president in northern Maryland …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Camp David — n. official retreat of the President of the U.S., in N Md., c. 70 mi (113 km) northwest of Washington, D.C …   English World dictionary

  • Camp David — Pour les articles homonymes, voir David. 39°38′54″N 77°27′54″O / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Camp David — Haupthaus von Camp David (Aufnahme: 1971) Manschettenknöpfe von Richard Nixon …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Camp David — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

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