Edward Palmer (botanist)
- Edward Palmer (botanist)
name = Edward Palmer
image_width = 175px
caption = Kansas City, 1864
birth_date = 1829
death_date = 1911
nationality = English
U.S. Department of Agriculture| doctoral_advisor =
footnotes = :"For other people named Edward Palmer, see
Edward Palmer (disambiguation)"Edward Palmer (1829 - 1911) was a self-taught British botanistand early American archaeologist.
England, he spent most of his life in the United States, where he was employed by the U.S. Department of Agricultureas a botanist. He led an expedition in 1891 exploring the flora and fauna of Californiaand particularly Death Valley. He also collected specimens in Mexicoand South Americaand had about 200 species and one genus (" Palmerella") of plants named after him. The standard botanical author abbreviation Palmer is applied to specieshe described.
Though primarily a Botanist, Edward Palmer also contributed to early American archaeology. Between 1882 and 1884, Palmer worked as a field assistant for the
Bureau of American EthnologyMound Exploration Division. The purpose of this expedition was to conduct an extensive survey of Indian mounds in the eastern United States. While most of Palmer’s archaeological research was performed in Arkansas, he also excavated mounds in Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Georgia.
While in Georgia, Palmer investigated the
Kolomoki Moundsite in Early County. Though he excavated many of the mounds at Kolomoki, he is said to have discovered nothing worth cataloguing. He did, however, examine many “house sites” and found a number of ash deposits and fragments of pottery.
In 1894, the
Mound Exploration Divisionfinal report, written by its director Cyrus Thomas, was published and dispelled the racist theories that the mounds of the southeastern United States had been built by a “lost race of Mound-Builders.” The report cited ample evidence that the mounds were built by the ancestors of historical Native tribes. After the Mound Exploration project was completed, Palmer returned to botany and natural history and worked in Washington, D.C until his death on April 10, 1911.
* Williams, Stephen, ed. "The Waring Papers". Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1967.
* [http://www.huh.harvard.edu/libraries/archives/PALMER.html Harvard University's Gray Herbarium on its collection of Edward Palmer's papers]
* [http://www.calflora.net/botanicalnames/pageP.html CalFlora.net entry on Palmer]
* [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=575 Edward Palmer (1830?â1911) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas ] at www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net
* [http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=575 Edward Palmer (1830?â1911) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas ] at www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net -
NAME= Palmer, Edward
SHORT DESCRIPTION= English botanist
DATE OF BIRTH= 1829
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH= 1911
PLACE OF DEATH=
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