Chuck Yeager
Charles Elwood Yeager
ChuckYeager.jpg
General Charles Elwood Yeager
Nickname Chuck
Born February 13, 1923 (1923-02-13) (age 88)
Myra, West Virginia
Allegiance United States United States of America
Service/branch Us army air corps shield.svg United States Army Air Forces
Seal of the US Air Force.svg United States Air Force
Years of service 1941–1975
Rank Major General (retired list)
Battles/wars World War II
Vietnam War
Awards Air Force Distinguished Service ribbon.svg Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Silver Star ribbon.svg Silver Star (2)
Distinguished Flying Cross ribbon.svg Distinguished Flying Cross (3)
Legion of Merit ribbon.svg Legion of Merit (2)
Bronze Star ribbon.svg Bronze Star
Purple Heart BAR.svg Purple Heart
PresFree.gif Presidential Medal of Freedom
Congressional Silver Medal
Other work Flight instructor

Charles Elwood "Chuck" Yeager (play /ˈjɡər/; born February 13, 1923) is a retired major general in the United States Air Force and noted test pilot. He was the first pilot to travel faster than sound (1947). Originally retiring in 1975 as a brigadier general, Yeager was promoted to major general on the Air Force's retired list in 2005 for his military achievements.

His career began in World War II as a private in the United States Army Air Forces. After serving as an aircraft mechanic, in September 1942 he entered enlisted pilot training and upon graduation was promoted to the rank of flight officer (the World War II USAAF equivalent to warrant officer) and became a North American P-51 Mustang fighter pilot. After the war he became a test pilot of many kinds of aircraft and rocket planes. Yeager was the first man to break the sound barrier on October 14, 1947, flying the experimental Bell X-1 at Mach 1 at an altitude of 45,000 ft (13,700 m). Although Scott Crossfield was the first man to fly faster than Mach 2 in 1953, Yeager shortly thereafter set a new record of Mach 2.44.[1] He later commanded fighter squadrons and wings in Germany and in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War, and in recognition of the outstanding performance ratings of those units he then was promoted to brigadier general. Yeager's flying career spans more than 60 years and has taken him to every corner of the globe, including the Soviet Union during the height of the Cold War.

Yeager's popularity soared in the 1980s, when he was prominently featured in Tom Wolfe's book The Right Stuff and in its 1983 movie adaptation, in which he was portrayed by Sam Shepard.

Contents

Early life

Yeager was born to farming parents Susie Mae and Albert Hal Yeager in Myra, West Virginia, and graduated from high school in Hamlin, West Virginia. Yeager had two brothers, Roy and Hal, Jr., and two sisters, Doris Ann (accidentally killed by Roy with a shotgun while still an infant)[2] and Pansy Lee. His first experience with the military was at the Citizens Military Training Camp at Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indianapolis, Indiana, during the summers of 1939 and 1940. On February 26, 1945, Yeager married Glennis Dickhouse, and the couple had four children. Glennis Yeager died in 1990.

The name "Yeager" (/ˈjɡər/) is an Anglicized form of the German or Dutch name, Jäger (German: "hunter"), and so is common among immigrants of those communities. He is the uncle of former baseball catcher Steve Yeager.[N 1]

Career

World War II

Yeager enlisted as a private in the U.S. Army Air Forces (USAAF) on September 12, 1941, and became an aircraft mechanic at George Air Force Base, Victorville, California. At enlistment, Yeager was not eligible for flight training because of his age and educational background, but the entry of the U.S. into World War II less than two months later prompted the USAAF to alter its recruiting standards. Blessed with remarkable 20/10 vision, Yeager displayed natural talent as a pilot and was accepted for flight training. He received his wings and a promotion to Flight Officer at Luke Field, Arizona, where he graduated from class 43C on March 10, 1943. Assigned to the 357th Fighter Group at Tonopah, Nevada, he initially trained as a fighter pilot flying P-39 Airacobras (earning a seven day grounding order for pruning a tree belonging to a local farmer during a training flight),[3] and went overseas with the group on November 23, 1943.

P-51D-20NA, Glamorous Glen III, is the aircraft in which Yeager achieved most of his aerial victories.

Stationed in the United Kingdom at RAF Leiston, Yeager flew P-51 Mustangs in combat (he named his aircraft Glamorous Glennis[4] after his girlfriend, Glennis Faye Dickhouse, who became his wife in February 1945) with the 363rd Fighter Squadron. He had gained one victory before he was shot down over France on his eighth mission, on March 5, 1944.[5] He escaped to Spain on March 30 with the help of the Maquis (French Resistance) and returned to England on May 15, 1944. During his stay with the Maquis, Yeager assisted the guerrillas in duties that did not involve direct combat, though he did help to construct bombs for the group, a skill that he had learned from his father.[6] He was awarded the Bronze Star for helping another airman, who had lost part of his leg during the escape attempt, to cross the Pyrenees.

Despite a regulation that "evaders" (escaped pilots) could not fly over enemy territory again to avoid compromising Resistance allies, Yeager was reinstated to flying combat. Yeager had joined a bomber pilot evader, Capt. Fred Glover, in speaking directly to the Allied Supreme Commander, General Dwight D. Eisenhower, on June 12, 1944. With Glover pleading their case, arguing that because the Allies had invaded France, the Maquis resistance movement was by then openly fighting the Nazis alongside Allied troops, so there was little or nothing they could reveal if shot down again to expose those who had helped them evade capture. Eisenhower, after gaining permission from the War Department to decide the requests, concurred with Yeager and Glover. Yeager later credited his postwar success in the Air Force to this decision, saying that his test pilot career followed naturally from being a decorated combat ace with a good kill record, along with being an airplane maintenance man prior to attending pilot school. In part because of his maintenance background, Yeager also frequently served as a maintenance officer in his flying units.

Yeager possessed outstanding eyesight (rated as 20/10, once enabling him to shoot a deer at 600 yards (550 m)[7]), flying skills, and combat leadership; he distinguished himself by becoming the first pilot in his group to make "ace in a day:" he shot down five enemy aircraft in one mission, finishing the war with 11.5 official victories, including one of the first air-to-air victories over a jet fighter (a German Messerschmitt Me 262). Two of his "ace in a day" kills were scored without firing a single shot; he flew into firing position against a Messerschmitt Bf 109 and the pilot of the aircraft panicked, breaking to starboard and colliding with his wingman; Yeager later reported both pilots bailed out. Another victory that was not officially counted for him came during the period before his combat status was reinstated: during a training flight in his P-51 over the North Sea, he happened on a German Junkers Ju 88 heavy fighter attacking a downed Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress crew. Yeager's quick thinking and reflexes saved the B-17 crew, but because he was not yet cleared for flying combat again, his gun camera film and credit for the kill were given to his wingman, Eddie Simpson. (Yeager later mistakenly recalled that the credit had given Simpson his fifth kill.)

In his 1986 memoirs, he noted with disgust that "atrocities were committed by both sides" and went on to recount going on a mission with orders from the Eighth Air Force to "strafe anything that moved."[8][9] During the mission briefing he whispered to Major Donald H. Boschkay, "If we are going to do things like this, we sure as hell better make sure we are on the winning side."[8][9] He further noted, "I’m certainly not proud of that particular strafing mission against civilians. But it is there, on the record and in my memory."[10]

Yeager was commissioned a second lieutenant while at Leiston and was promoted to captain before the end of his tour. He flew his 61st and final mission on January 15, 1945, and returned to the United States in early February. As an evader, he received his choice of assignments and, because his new wife was pregnant, chose Wright Field to be near his home in West Virginia. His high flight hours and maintenance experience qualified him to become a functional test pilot of repaired aircraft, which brought him under the command of Colonel Albert Boyd, head of the Aeronautical Systems Flight Test Division.[11]

Postwar

Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier on October 14, 1947 in the X-1

Yeager remained in the Air Force after the war, becoming a test pilot at Muroc Army Air Field (now Edwards Air Force Base) and eventually being selected to fly the rocket-powered Bell X-1 in a NACA program to research high-speed flight, after Bell Aircraft test pilot "Slick" Goodlin demanded $150,000 to break the sound "barrier."[12][13] Such was the difficulty in this task that the answer to many of the inherent challenges were along the lines of "Yeager better have paid-up insurance."[14] Yeager broke the sound barrier on October 14, 1947, flying the experimental X-1 at Mach 1 at an altitude of 45,000 ft (13,700 m). Two nights before the scheduled date for the flight, he broke two ribs while riding a horse. He was so afraid of being removed from the mission that he went to a veterinarian in a nearby town for treatment and told only his wife, as well as friend and fellow project pilot Jack Ridley about it.

Yeager in front of the Bell X-1, which, as with all of the aircraft assigned to him, he named Glamorous Glennis (or some variation thereof), after his wife.

On the day of the flight, Yeager was in such pain that he could not seal the airplane's hatch by himself. Ridley rigged up a device, using the end of a broom handle as an extra lever, to allow Yeager to seal the hatch of the X-1. Yeager's flight recorded Mach 1.07, however, he was quick to point out that the public paid attention to whole numbers and that the next milestone would be exceeding Mach 2. Yeager's X-1 is on display at the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum. Yeager was awarded the MacKay and Collier Trophies in 1948 for his mach-transcending flight, and the Harmon International Trophy in 1954.

Some aviation historians contend that American pilot George Welch broke the sound barrier before Yeager, while diving an XP-86 Sabre on October 1, 1947, and again, just 30 minutes before Yeager's X-1 flight.[N 2][N 3] There was also a disputed claim by German pilot Hans Guido Mutke that he was the first person to break the sound barrier, on April 9, 1945, in a Messerschmitt Me 262.

Yeager went on to break many other speed and altitude records. He also was one of the first American pilots to fly a MiG-15 after its pilot defected to South Korea with it due to Operation Moolah.[17][18] During the latter half of 1953, Yeager was involved with the USAF team that was working on the X-1A, an aircraft designed to surpass Mach 2 in level flight. That year, he flew a chase plane for the female civilian pilot Jackie Cochran, a close friend, as she became the first woman to fly faster than sound. However, on November 20, 1953, the NACA's D-558-II Skyrocket and its pilot, Scott Crossfield, became the first team to reach twice the speed of sound. After they were bested, Ridley and Yeager decided to beat rival Crossfield's speed record in a flight series that they dubbed "Operation NACA Weep." Not only did they beat Crossfield, but they did it in time to spoil a celebration planned for the 50th anniversary of flight in which Crossfield was to be called "the fastest man alive." The Ridley/Yeager USAF team achieved Mach 2.44 on December 12, 1953. Shortly after reaching Mach 2.44, he experienced a loss of aerodynamic control due to inertial coupling at approximately 80,000 ft (24,000 m). Yeager lost control of the X-1A. With the aircraft out of control, simultaneously rolling, pitching and yawing out of the sky, Yeager dropped 51,000 feet (16,000 m) in 51 seconds until regaining control of the aircraft at approximately 29,000 feet (8,800 m). He was able to land the aircraft without further incident.[1]

Charles Yeager photo portrait head on shoulders left side.jpg

Yeager was foremost a fighter pilot and held several squadron and wing commands. From May 1955 to July 1957 he commanded the F-86H Sabre-equipped 417th Fighter-Bomber Squadron (50th Fighter-Bomber Wing) at Hahn AB, Germany, and Toul-Rosieres Air Base, France; and from 1957 to 1960 the F-100D-equipped 1st Fighter Day Squadron (later, while still under Yeager's command, re-designated the 306th Tactical Fighter Squadron) at George Air Force Base, California, and Morón Air Base, Spain.

In 1962, after completion of a year's studies at the Air War College, he was the first commandant of the USAF Aerospace Research Pilot School, which produced astronauts for NASA and the USAF, after its redesignation from the USAF Flight Test Pilot School. An accident during a test flight in one of the school's NF-104s put an end to his record attempts. Between December 1963 and January 1964,[19] Yeager completed five flights in the NASA M2-F1 lifting body.

In 1966 he took command of the 405th Tactical Fighter Wing at Clark Air Base, the Philippines, whose squadrons were deployed on rotational temporary duty (TDY) in South Vietnam and elsewhere in Southeast Asia. There he accrued another 414 hours of combat time in 127 missions, mostly in a Martin B-57 Canberra light bomber. In February 1968, he was assigned command of the 4th Tactical Fighter Wing at Seymour Johnson Air Force Base, North Carolina, and led the McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II wing in South Korea during the Pueblo crisis.

On June 22, 1969, he was promoted to brigadier general, and was assigned in July as the vice-commander of the Seventeenth Air Force. In 1971, Yeager was assigned to Pakistan to advise the Pakistan Air Force at the behest of Ambassador Joe Farland.[20] Prior to the start of hostilities of the Bangladesh War he is reported to have said that the Pakistani army would be in New Delhi within a week.[21] During the war, his twin-engined Beechcraft was destroyed in an Indian air raid on the Chaklala air base; he was reportedly incensed and demanded US retaliation.[22] Despite Pakistan's surrender to India in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, Yeager stayed in Pakistan until March 1973, and recalled his stay in Pakistan as one of the most enjoyable times of his life. During his stay he spent most of his time flying in a F-86 Sabre with the Pakistan Air Force and making several expeditions to the K2 mountain, vacationing in Swat, trekking and hunting in the Northern Areas, and learning the Urdu language.[23]

Merits

COMMAND PILOT WINGS.png  Command pilot

Air Force Distinguished Service ribbon.svg Air Force Distinguished Service Medal
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Silver Star, for shooting down five Bf 109s in one day,[24] with one oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Legion of Merit with one oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Distinguished Flying Cross, for an Me 262 kill,[25] with two oak leaf clusters, including first to break the sound barrier
V
Bronze Star, for helping rescue a fellow airman from Occupied France,[6] with “V” device
Purple Heart BAR.svg Purple Heart
Silver oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Air Medal with 10 oak leaf clusters
Air Force Commendation ribbon.svg Air Force Commendation Medal
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Distinguished Unit Citation Emblem with oak leaf cluster
Outstanding Unit ribbon.svg Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
American Defense Service ribbon.svg American Defense Service Medal
American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg American Campaign Medal
Silver star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal (8 battle stars)
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg World War II Victory Medal
PresFree.gif Presidential Medal of Freedom

Post-retirement career

Monument to Yeager at Edwards Air Force Base

On March 1, 1975, following assignments in Germany and Pakistan, he retired from the Air Force at Norton Air Force Base, but still occasionally flew for the USAF and NASA as a consulting test pilot at Edwards AFB. For his consultant work to the Test Pilot School Commander at Edwards Air Force Base, Yeager was paid one dollar annually, along with all the flying time he wanted. The $1 allowed him to be covered by workers compensation.

For several years, Yeager was the public face of AC Delco, the automotive parts division of General Motors. Because of this, AC Delco experienced a sales surge.[28]

In 1986 Yeager was invited to drive the Chevrolet Corvette pace car for the 70th running of the Indianapolis 500. In 1988 he was again invited to drive the pace car, this time at the wheel of an Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme.

Through the years, Yeager delivered a number of aviation and test pilot related speeches to a variety of groups ranging from test pilots, Air Force Association banquets, Civil Air Patrol, Experimental Aircraft Association, and even the Chartered Property and Casualty Underwriters (CPCU) National Meeting entitled "Breaking Barriers" in Honolulu in October 1995. Yeager easily adapted his talk to a given audience on the importance of stabilators and their role in giving America air combat supremacy. Yeager was enshrined in the National Aviation Hall of Fame in 1973, and in 1990, included with the first class of inductees into the Aerospace Walk of Honor.

Yeager made a cameo appearance in the movie The Right Stuff (1983). He played "Fred," a bartender at "Pancho's Place," which was most appropriate, since of Pancho's Place Yeager said, "if all the hours were ever totaled, I reckon I spent more time at her place than in a cockpit over those years."[29] His own role in the movie is played by Sam Shepard.

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Yeager set a number of light, general aircraft performance records for speed, range, and endurance. Most notable were flights conducted on behalf of Piper Aircraft. On one such flight, Yeager performed an emergency landing as a result of fuel exhaustion; on another flight he piloted Piper's turboprop Cheyenne 400LS to a time-to-height record: FL350 (35,000 feet) in 16 minutes, exceeding the climb performance of a Boeing 737 at gross weight.

Yeager is fully retired from military test flying, after having maintained that status for three decades after his official retirement from the Air Force. On October 14, 1997, on the 50th anniversary of his historic flight past Mach 1, he flew a new Glamorous Glennis III, an F-15D Eagle, past Mach 1, with Lt. Col. Troy Fontaine as co-pilot. The chase plane for the flight was an F-16 Fighting Falcon piloted by Bob Hoover, a famous air-show pilot, and his wingman for the first supersonic flight. This was Yeager's last official flight with the Air Force. At the end of his speech to the crowd he concluded, "All that I am... I owe to the Air Force." Later that month, Yeager was the recipient of the Tony Jannus Award for his achievements.

Awards and honors

In 2004, Congress voted to authorize the President to promote Yeager to the rank of major general on the retired list. In 2005, President George W. Bush granted the promotion of both Yeager and (posthumously) air-power pioneer Billy Mitchell to major general. [N 4]

Brigadier General Yeager

Yeager, who never attended college and was often modest about his background, is considered by some to be one of the greatest pilots of all time. Despite his lack of higher education, he has been honored in his home state. Marshall University has named its highest academic scholarship, the Society of Yeager Scholars, in his honor. Additionally, Yeager Airport in Charleston, West Virginia, is named after him. The Interstate 64/Interstate 77 bridge over the Kanawha River in Charleston is named for Yeager. He was the chairman of Experimental Aircraft Association's Young Eagle Program.[31]

The state of West Virginia honored Yeager with a marker along Corridor G (part of U.S. 119) in his home Lincoln County on October 19, 2006, as well as renamed part of the highway the Yeager Highway.[32]

Yeager is an Honorary Board Member of the humanitarian organization Wings of Hope.[33]

On August 25, 2009, Governor Schwarzenegger and Maria Shriver announced that Yeager would be one of 13 California Hall of Fame inductees in The California Museum's yearlong exhibit. The induction ceremony was on December 1, 2009 in Sacramento, California.

Yeager served on the Rogers Commission that investigated the explosion of the Space Shuttle Challenger on STS-51-L. The Sacramento ABC affiliate sent a crew to Yeager's home, a few miles northeast of the city, following disaster's coverage on Nightline.Yeager provided a voice of calm, confidence, and understanding during the interview, saying "they [NASA] have all the telemetry data available to understand what happened, and it will be just a matter of time to analyze it," while noting the risk accepted by crews in aeronautical flight tests.[34]

Personal life

Yeager's and his wife Glennis moved to Grass Valley, California after his retirement from the Air Force in 1975. The couple prospered because of Yeager's best-selling autobiography, speaking engagements and commercial ventures.[35] Glennis Yeager died of ovarian cancer in 1990. They had four children.[36]

In 2000, Yeager met actress Victoria Scott D'Angelo on a hiking trail in Nevada County and started dating shortly thereafter. The pair married in August 2003.[37]

Subsequent to the commencement of their relationship, a bitter dispute arose between Yeager, his children and D'Angelo. The children contended that the much younger D'Angelo had married him for his fortune, which Yeager and D'Angelo denied. Litigation ensued, in which his children accused D'Angelo of "undue influence" on Yeager, and Yeager accused his children of diverting hundreds of thousands of dollars from his pension fund.[36][38][37]

Yeager, with his wife, currently lives in Penn Valley, California, the location of the General Chuck Yeager Foundation, which supports programs that "teach the ideals by which General Yeager has lived."[39]

See also

  • List of firsts in aviation

References

Notes

  1. ^ Chuck Yeager is not related to Jeana Yeager, one of the two pilots of the Rutan Voyager aircraft, which circled the world without landing or refueling.
  2. ^ Quote: The capabilities of the Sabre were finally released in June 1948 when the Air Force and North American announced that the XP-86, piloted by George Welch, had broken the sound barrier in a dive. However, the date of Welch's achievement was given as April 26, 1948 with no mention made of his earlier flights.[15]
  3. ^ Quote: The maximum speed listed at 606 mph (975 km/h) is in level flight, however, the Sabre could exceed the speed of sound; 760 mph [1,224 km/h] at sea level and 660 mph [1,061 km/h] at 36,000 ft. This was accomplished by flying to an altitude of approximately 45,000 ft (13,720 m) and with full power applied accelerating to the maximum level flight speed. The aircraft would then be rolled to inverted flight and pulled down until it was pointing straight down at the ground at full power and allowed to accelerate until it was supersonic (Mach 1). Minor buffeting would occur and supersonic flight would be momentarily achieved at approximately 35,000 ft (10,670 m).[16]
  4. ^ The joint promotion of Yeager and Mitchell was noteworthy as few presidents have authorized retirement promotions. Only Mitchell and Jimmy Stewart had previously been recipients of post-retirement promotions.[30]

Citations

  1. ^ a b Yeager and Janos 1985, p. 252.
  2. ^ Yeager and Janos 1985, p. 6.
  3. ^ Take Off magazine, Issue 36, p. 991.
  4. ^ "357th Fighter Group Profile." cebudanderson.com. Retrieved: December 8, 2010.
  5. ^ "Escape and Evasion Case File for Flight Officer Charles (Chuck) E. Yeager". narademo.umiacs.umd.edu. Retrieved: December 8, 2010.
  6. ^ a b Yeager and Janos 1985, p. 45.
  7. ^ Yeager and Janos 1985, p. 297.
  8. ^ a b Samuel 2004, p. 454.
  9. ^ a b Coady 2008, p. 13.
  10. ^ Yeager and Janos 1985, pp. 63, 80.
  11. ^ Yeager and Janos 1985, p. 60.
  12. ^ Yeager and Janos 1985, p. 121.
  13. ^ Wolfe 1979, pp. 52–53.
  14. ^ Yeager and Janos 1985, p. 157.
  15. ^ "First Supersonic Jet". Aerospaceweb.org. Retrieved: December 8, 2010.
  16. ^ "Canada Aviation and Space Museum Canadair F-86 Sabre Mk 6". Canada Aviation and Space Museum. Retrieved: December 8, 2010.
  17. ^ Clark, Mark (1954). From the Danube to the Yalu. New York: Harper. pp. 208. 
  18. ^ Kum-Suk, No (2007). A MiG-15 to freedom: memoir of the wartime North Korean defector who first delivered the secret fighter jet to the Americans in 1953. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co.,. pp. 158. 
  19. ^ "The Crash of Chuck Yeager's NF-104A". check-six.com, December 10, 1963.
  20. ^ Yeager and Janos 1985, p. 391.
  21. ^ Ingraham, Edward C. "The right stuff in the wrong place: Chuck Yeager's crash landing in Pakistan". Washington Monthly, October 1985.
  22. ^ Prakash, Admiral Arun. "How I crossed swords with Chuck Yeager". bharat-rakshak.com. Retrieved: December 8, 2010.
  23. ^ "Who won the air war, 1971". defence.pk. Retrieved: December 8, 2010.
  24. ^ Yeager and Janos 1985, p. 73.
  25. ^ Yeager and Janos 1985, p. 76.
  26. ^ Yeager and Janos 1985, pp. 413–414.
  27. ^ "Presentation of a Special Congressional Silver Medal to Brigadier-General Charles E. Yeager, United States Air Force (Retired)". National Museum of the United States Air Force. Retrieved: December 8, 2010.
  28. ^ Yeager and Janos 1985, p. 418.
  29. ^ Yeager and Janos 1985, p. 172.
  30. ^ Public Law 108-375 sec 563.
  31. ^ Ford, Harrison. "Freedom and Responsibility". Sport Aviation, September 2010.
  32. ^ "Yeager Comes Home". WOWK-TV, August 19, 20.06
  33. ^ "Chuck Yeager". Wings of Hope. Retrieved: December 8, 2010.
  34. ^ "Brigadier General Charles E. Yeager". The 456th Fighter Interceptor Squadron. Retrieved: December 8, 2010.
  35. ^ Moller, Dave (Feb. 19, 2004). "Yeager children sue their father". The Union (Nevada County, Calif.). http://www.theunion.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20040219/NEWS/102190105. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  36. ^ a b Tresniowski, Alex (March 8, 2004). "The Wife Stuff - Feuds, Trials & Lawsuits, Bills, Bills, Bills, Chuck Yeager". People. http://www.people.com/people/archive/article/0,,20149499,00.html. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  37. ^ a b Hubler, Shawn (2 July 2004). "Far from heavens". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/2004/jul/02/entertainment/et-hubler2. Retrieved 26 September 2011. 
  38. ^ "Record-Setting Pilot Chuck Yeager Sues His Children". New York Times, June 7, 2006.
  39. ^ "Mission Statement." Chuck Yeager Foundation via Engineer's Council of San Fernando Valley, California. Retrieved: November 18, 2011.

Bibliography

  • Coady, C. A. J. Morality and Political Violence. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2008. ISBN 978-0521705486.
  • Hallion, Richard P. Designers and Test Pilots. New York: Time-Life Books, 1982. ISBN 0-8094-3316-8.
  • Pisano, Dominick A., R. Robert van der Linden and Frank H. Winter. Chuck Yeager and the Bell X-1: Breaking the Sound Barrier. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (in association with Abrams, New York): 2006. ISBN 0-8109-5535-0.
  • Samuel, Wolfgang, W.E. American Raiders: The Race to Capture the Luftwaffe's Secrets. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2004. ISBN 978-1578066490.
  • Wolfe, Tom. The Right Stuff. New York: Farrar-Straus-Giroux, 1979. ISBN 0-374-25033-2.
  • Yeager, Chuck, Bob Cardenas, Bob Hoover, Jack Russell and James Young. The Quest for Mach One: A First-Person Account of Breaking the Sound Barrier. New York: Penguin Studio, 1997. ISBN 0-670-87460-4.
  • Yeager, Chuck and Charles Leerhsen. Press on! Further Adventures in the Good Life. New York: Bantam Books, 1988. ISBN 0-553-05333-7.
  • Yeager, Chuck and Leo Janos. Yeager: An Autobiography. New York: Bantam, 1985. ISBN 978-0553256741.

External links


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