London borough

Infobox subdivision type
name= London borough


"Greater London shown within England"
category= Districts
territory= Greater London
start_date= 1 April 1965
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legislation_begin= London Government Act 1963
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current_number= 32
number_date= 2008

type= Inner London (12)
type1= Outer London (20)
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status= City (1)
status1= Royal borough (2)
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population_range= 150,000–300,000
area_range= 15–150 km²

government= London Borough Council (31)
government1= City Council (1)
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The administrative area of Greater London contains thirty-two London boroughs. Twelve of these plus the City of London constitute Inner London, while twenty others constitute Outer London.

Functions

The London boroughs are administered by "London Borough Councils" which are elected every four years. The boroughs are the principal local authorities in London and are responsible for running most local services in their areas, such as schools, social services, waste collection and roads. Some London-wide services are run by the Greater London Authority, and some services and lobbying of government are pooled within London Councils. Some London borough councils also group together for such services as waste collection and disposal, e.g. the West London Waste Authority. The London boroughs are local government districts and have similar functions to metropolitan boroughs. Each London borough is a Local Education Authority. Until 1990 the Inner London boroughs were served by a shared LEA, the Inner London Education Authority.

Nomenclature

There are three boroughs which do not use the term "London Borough of" in their names. They are Westminster, which is termed the "City of Westminster" as it has city status; and Kingston upon Thames and Kensington and Chelsea, which are termed "Royal Borough of", due to their Royal borough status. Additionally, the council for Westminster is termed "Westminster City Council".

Map

See also

* The Five Boroughs (New York City)


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