Cortex

Cortex (Latin: "bark", "rind", "shell" or "husk") may refer to:

Contents

Sciences

  • Cortex (botany), the outer portion of the stem or root of a plant
  • Cortex (archaeology), the outer layer of rock formed on the exterior of raw materials by chemical and mechanical weathering processes
  • Cell cortex, the region proximal to the cell surface, i.e. directly underneath the cell membrane
  • Cortex (journal), a scientific journal founded in 1964 and produced by Masson Publishing

Anatomy

Organs

  • the Renal cortex, the outer portion of the kidney
  • the Adrenal cortex, the portion of the Adrenal gland responsible for the production of cortisol and aldosterone

The brain

  • the Cerebral cortex (usually just cortex), the outer layer of the vertebrate cerebrum, part of which is the forebrain
    • the Motor cortex, the regions of the cerebral cortex involved in voluntary motor functions
    • the Prefrontal cortex, the anterior part of the frontal lobes of the brain
    • the Visual cortex, regions of the cerebral cortex involved in visual functions
  • the Cerebellar cortex, the outer layer of the vertebrate cerebellum

Video games

  • In the Crash Bandicoot series of video games:

Other

See also

  • Cordtex (explosive cord), a type of detonating cord generally used in mining. It uses an explosive core of pentaerythritol tetranitrate which is inside its plastic coating
  • Cortex Command, a 2-dimensional side-scrolling action game developed by Data Realms

recovered names (17 non-redirects)

  • Cortex Pharmaceuticals, a pharmaceutical company based in Irvine, California specializing in positive allosteric modulators of the AMPA receptor known as Ampakines
  • Cortical Tectonics, the third studio album by American progressive metal band Canvas Solaris. It was released in 2007
  • Cortical area, a part of the cerebral cortex
  • Cortical blindness, the total or partial loss of vision in a normal-appearing eye caused by damage to the visual area in the brain's occipital cortex
  • Cortical bone, one of the two types of osseous tissue that form bones
  • Cortical bundle
  • Cortical cooling, refers to the cooling methods restricted to the cerebral cortex, where most higher brain processes occur
  • Cortical cords, structures that develop from sex cords in the female. After further development they become the ovarian follicles
  • Cortical dysplasia, a congenital abnormality where the neurons in an area of the brain failed to migrate in the proper formation in utero
  • Cortical inheritance, structural inheritance was discovered by Tracy Sonneborn, and other researchers, during his study on protozoa in the late 1930s
  • Cortical lobule, a part of a renal lobe. It consists of the nephrons grouped around a single medullary ray, and draining into a single collecting duct
  • Cortical magnification, describes how many neurons in an area of the visual cortex are 'responsible' for processing a stimulus of a given size, as a function of visual field location
  • Cortical map, collections (areas) of minicolumns in the brain cortex that have been identified as performing a specific information processing function (texture maps, color maps, contour maps, etc.)
  • Cortical minicolumn, a vertical column through the cortical layers of the brain, comprising perhaps 80–120 neurons, except in the primate primary visual cortex (V1), where there are typically more than twice the number
  • Cortical pseudolaminar necrosis, the (uncontrolled) death of cells in (cerebral) cortex of the brain in a band-like pattern, with a relative perservation of cells immediately adjacent to the meninges
  • Cortical reaction, occurs when a sperm cell unites with the egg's plasma membrane, altering the zona pellucida which prevents other sperm from binding to and entering the egg
  • Cortical stimulation mapping, a type of electrocorticography which is used a method to determine the location in the brain where information of a certain kind is processed

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • cortex — [ kɔrtɛks ] n. m. • 1896; mot lat. « écorce » 1 ♦ Anat. Partie externe périphérique. Cortex cérébral, rénal. Absolt Le cortex : l écorce cérébrale. ⇒ cortical; aussi néocortex. Cortex surrénal. ⇒ corticosurrénale. 2 ♦ Biol. Tissu externe primaire …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • cortex — CÓRTEX, cortexuri, s.n. 1. Scoarţă a unui copac. ♦ Coajă a unui fruct. 2. Înveliş al părului, cuprins între măduva centrală şi cuticula exterioară. 3. (În sintagmele) Cortex cerebral = scoarţa cerebrală. Cortex suprarenal = partea periferică a… …   Dicționar Român

  • Cortex — (lat. für ‚Rinde‘, ‚Hülle‘) oder eingedeutscht Kortex bezeichnet: Rinde einer Pflanze in der Botanik Rindenteile einer Heilpflanze, siehe Heilpflanze #Bezeichnungen für die jeweils wirksamen Teile der Pflanze Rindenschicht der Fruchtkörper bei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cortex — Cor tex (k[^o]r t[e^]ks), n.; pl. {Cortices} ( t? s?z). [L., bark. Cf. {Cork}.] 1. Bark, as of a tree; hence, an outer covering. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) Bark; rind; specifically, cinchona bark. [1913 Webster] 3. (Anat.) The outer or superficial… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • córtex — m. anat. Corteza. Medical Dictionary. 2011 …   Diccionario médico

  • cortex — 1650s, outer shell, husk, from L. cortex bark of a tree (see CORIUM (Cf. corium)). Specifically of the brain, first recorded 1741 …   Etymology dictionary

  • cortex — meaning ‘the outer part of a bodily organ’ (as in cerebral cortex, referring to the brain), has the plural form cortices …   Modern English usage

  • cortex — ► NOUN (pl. cortices) Anatomy ▪ the outer layer of an organ or structure, especially the outer, folded layer of the brain (cerebral cortex). DERIVATIVES cortical adjective. ORIGIN Latin, bark …   English terms dictionary

  • cortex — cortex. См. кортекс. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Cortex — (lat.), 1) Rinde, bes. zu pharmaceutischem Gebrauch, z.B. C. angosturae, s. Angosturarinde etc.; 2) (Anat.), so v.w. Rindensubstanz, z.B. des Gehirns, auch Corticalsubstanz …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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