Koelreuteria paniculata
Koelreuteria paniculata
Foliage and flowers of var. apiculata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Koelreuteria
Species: K. paniculata
Binomial name
Koelreuteria paniculata
Leaf of var. paniculata

Koelreuteria paniculata, with the common name Goldenrain tree,[1][2] is a species of Koelreuteria native to eastern Asia, in China and Korea. It is also sometimes known as the pride-of-India,[3] China tree,[3] or varnish tree.[2]

It is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree growing to 17 m tall, with a broad, dome-shaped crown.

The leaves are pinnate, 15–40 cm (rarely to 50 cm) long, with 7-15 leaflets 3–8 cm long, with a deeply serrated margin; the larger leaflets at the mid-point of the leaf are sometimes themselves pinnate but the leaves are not consistently fully bipinnate as in the related Koelreuteria bipinnata.

The flowers are yellow, with four petals, growing in large terminal panicles 20–40 cm long. The fruit is a three-parted inflated bladderlike pod 3–6 cm long and 2–4 cm broad, green ripening orange to pink in autumn, containing several dark brown to black seeds 5–8 mm diameter. There are two varieties:

  • Koelreuteria paniculata var. paniculata. Northern China and Korea. Leaves single-pinnate.
  • Koelreuteria paniculata var. apiculata (Rehder & E.H.Wilson) Rehder (syn. K. apiculata). Western China (Sichuan), intergrading with var. paniculata in central China. Leaves with larger leaflets commonly bipinnate.


It is popularly grown as an ornamental tree in temperate regions all across the world because of the aesthetic appeal of its flowers, leaves and seed pods. Several cultivars have been selected for garden planting, including 'Fastigiata' with a narrow crown, and 'September Gold', flowering in late summer.

The seeds are edible when roasted, but not commonly consumed.

In some areas, notably the eastern United States and particularly in Florida, it is considered an invasive species.


  1. ^ "PLANTS Profile for Koelreuteria paniculata (goldenrain tree)". Natural Resources Conservation Service. United States Department of Agriculture. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=KOPA. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  2. ^ a b UConn Plant Database
  3. ^ a b goldenrain tree.Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-07-12.


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  • Koelreuteria Paniculata — Savonnier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Koelreuteria paniculata — Savonnier …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Koelreuteria paniculata — ID 44371 Symbol Key KOPA Common Name goldenrain tree Family Sapindaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, DE, FL, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, MO, NC, NY, OH, PA, TN, TX …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Koelreuteria paniculata — Kinesertræ …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Koelreuteria paniculata Laxm. — Symbol KOPA Common Name goldenrain tree Botanical Family Sapindaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Koelreuteria — Blasenesche (Koelreuteria paniculata) Systematik Rosiden Eurosiden II …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Koelreuteria — Koelreuteria …   Wikipédia en Français

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