Jimmy Walker


Jimmy Walker

James John Walker, often known as Jimmy Walker and colloquially as Beau James (June 19, 1881 – November 18, 1946), was the mayor of New York City during the Jazz Age.

Biography

Walker was the son of Irish-born William H. Walker, a Democratic assemblyman and alderman from Greenwich Village, belying certain accounts of Walker's childhood that stated he grew up in poverty. Before entering politics, the young Jimmy Walker worked as a songwriter, his most popular composition being "Will You Love Me in December (as You Do in May)?"

He attended Xavier College and New York Law School.

He was a member of the New York State Assembly from 1910 to 1914, and of the New York State Senate from 1914 to 1925. He was President pro tempore of the New York State Senate from 1923 to 1924.

In 1926 he became Mayor of New York City, having defeated incumbent John F. Hylan in the 1925 Democratic primary with the help of Governor Alfred E. Smith and Tammany Hall. The initial years of his mayoralty were a prosperous time for the city, with many public works projects. However, Walker's term was also known for the proliferation of speakeasies during the Prohibition era. His affairs with "chorus girls" were widely known, and he left his wife, Janet, for showgirl Betty Compton without impairing his popularity. He managed to maintain the five-cent subway fare despite a threatened strike.

He won re-election by an overwhelming margin in 1929, defeating Republican Fiorello H. La Guardia and Socialist Norman Thomas. Walker's fortunes turned downward with the economy (due to the stock-market crash of 1929). Patrick Cardinal Hayes denounced him, implying that the immorality of the mayor, both personal and political in tolerating "girlie magazines" and casinos, was a cause of the economic downturn.

Increasing social unrest led to investigations into corruption within his administration, and he was eventually forced to testify before the investigative committee of Judge Samuel Seabury (the Seabury Commission). Facing pressure from Governor Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Walker resigned from office on September 1, 1932, and promptly left for Europe until the danger of criminal prosecution appeared remote. There he married Betty Compton.

.

A romanticized version of Walker's tenure as mayor was presented in the 1957 film "Beau James", starring Bob Hope. The film was based on a biography of Walker, also titled "Beau James", written by Gene Fowler. This same book was also the basis for "Jimmy", a stage musical about Walker that had a brief Broadway run from October 1969 to January 1970, starring Frank Gorshin as Walker and Anita Gillette as Betty Compton.

ee also

New York City mayoralty elections

List of mayors of New York City

External links

* [http://www.davidpietrusza.com/tammany-hall-links.html Tammany Hall Links]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jimmy Walker — Datos personales Nombre completo James Walker Apodo Jimmy Nacimiento Amherst, Virginia …   Wikipedia Español

  • Jimmy Walker — ist der Name folgender Personen Jimmy Walker (Politiker) (1881–1946), US amerikanischer Politiker und Bürgermeister der Stadt New York Jimmy Walker (Kanute) (* 1971), australischer Kanute Jimmy Walker (Fußballspieler) (* 1973), englischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jimmy Walker —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie différentes personnes partageant un même nom. Jimmy Walker peut faire référence à : Jimmy Walker, joueur de basket ball américain Jimmy Walker, joueur de football anglais Catégorie : Homonymie de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jimmy Walker (basket ball) — Jimmy Walker (né le 8 avril 1944 et décédé le 2 juillet 2007) était un joueur de basket ball professionnel américain, qui a joué neuf saisons en NBA pour les Detroit Pistons, Houston Rockets et Kansas City Kings. Deux fois sélectionné pour le All …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jimmy walker (basket-ball) — Jimmy Walker (né le 8 avril 1944 et décédé le 2 juillet 2007) était un joueur de basket ball professionnel américain, qui a joué neuf saisons en NBA pour les Detroit Pistons, Houston Rockets et Kansas City Kings. Deux fois sélectionné pour le All …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jimmy Walker (golfer) — Jimmy Walker (born January 16 1979) is an American professional golfer. Walker was born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.Walker is currently a member of the PGA Tour. He played on the Nationwide Tour full time in 2003 and 2004. In 2004 he was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Jimmy Walker (basketball) — infobox NBA Player caption = name = James Walker nickname = Jimmy position = Shooting guard height ft = 6 | height in = 3 weight lbs = 195 nationality = American birth date = birth date|1944|4|8 birth place = Amherst, Virginia death date = death… …   Wikipedia

  • Jimmy Walker (basket-ball) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jimmy Walker. Jimmy Walker (né le 8 avril 1944 et décédé le 2 juillet 2007) était un joueur de basket ball professionnel américain, qui a joué neuf saisons en NBA pour les Detroit Pistons, Houston Rockets et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jimmy Walker (Politiker) — James Walker James John „Jimmy“ Walker (* 18. Juni 1881 in New York City; † 18. November 1946 ebd.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Bürgermeister der Stadt New York City zwischen 1926 und 1932. Der Sohn irischer Einwanderer besuchte ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jimmy Walker (footballeur) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jimmy Walker. James Barry Walker dit Jimmy Walker (né le 9 juillet 1973 à Sutton in Ashfield) est un …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.