- Foreign relations of Comoros
In November 1975,
Comorosbecame the 143rd member of the United Nations. The new nation was defined as consisting of the entire archipelago, despite the fact that Francemaintains control over Mayotte.
Comoros also is a member of the
African Union, the Arab League, the European Development Fund, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Indian Ocean Commission, and the African Development Bank.
Comoros claims French-administered
Mayotte& the Glorioso Islands.
Comoros' most significant international relationship is that with
France.Ercolano, Vincent. "Foreign Affairs". [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/kmtoc.html "A country study: Comoros"] (Helen Chapin Metz, editor). Library of Congress Federal Research Division(August 1994). "This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain."] The three years of estrangement following the unilateral declaration of independence and the nationalistic Soilihregime were followed during the conservative Abdallahand Djoharregimes by a period of growing trade, aid, cultural, and defense links between the former colony and France, punctuated by frequent visits to Parisby the head of state and occasional visits by the French president to Moroni. The leading military power in the region, France has detachments on Mahoréand Reunion, and its Indian Oceanfleet sails the waters around the islands. France and Comoros signed a mutual security treaty in 1978; following the mercenary coupagainst Abdallah in 1989, French troops restored order and took responsibility for reorganizing and training the Comoran army. With Mahoré continuing to gravitate politically and economically toward France, and Comoros increasingly dependent on the French for help with its own considerable social, political, and economic problems, the issue of Mahoré diminished somewhat in urgency.
The close relationship Comoros developed with
South Africain the 1980s was much less significant to both countries in the 1990s. With the reform of its apartheidgovernment, South Africa no longer needed Comoros as evidence of its ostensible ability to enjoy good relations with a black African state; the end of the Cold Warhad also diminished Comoros' strategic value to Pretoria. Although South Africa continued to provide developmental aid, it closed its consulate in Moroni in 1992. Since the 1989 coup and subsequent expulsion of South African-financed mercenaries, Comoros likewise turned away from South Africa and toward France for assistance with its security needs.
The government fostered close relationships with the more conservative (and oil-rich) Arab states, such as
Saudi Arabiaand Kuwait. It frequently received aid from those countries and the regional financial institutions they influenced, such as the Arab Bank for Economic Developmentin Africa and the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development. In October 1993, Comoros joined the League of Arab States, after having been rejected when it applied for membership initially in 1977.
Regional relations generally were good. In 1985
Madagascar, Mauritius, and Seychellesagreed to admit Comoros as the fourth member of the Indian Ocean Commission(IOC), an organization established in 1982 to encourage regional cooperation. In 1993 Mauritius and Seychelles had two of the five embassies in Moroni, and Mauritius and Madagascar were connected to the republic by regularly scheduled commercial flights.
Comoros also hosted an embassy of
China, which established relations during the Soilih regime. The Chinese had long been a source of aid and apparently wished to maintain contact with Comoros to counterbalance Indian and Soviet (later Russian) influence in the Indian Ocean. Comoran relations with Japanwere also significant because Japan was the second largest provider of aid, consisting of funding for fisheries, food, and highway development. The United Statesestablished diplomatic relations in 1977 but in September 1993 closed its embassy in Moroni. The two countries enjoy friendly relations.
In November 1975, Comoros became the 143d member of the UN. In the 1990s, the republic continued to represent Mahoré in the UN. Comoros was also a member of the OAU, the EDF, the
World Bank, the IMF, the IOC, and the African Development Bank.
Comoros thus cultivated relations with various nations, both East and West, seeking to increase trade and obtain financial assistance. In 1994, however, it was increasingly facing the need to control its expenditures and reorganize its economy so that it would be viewed as a sounder recipient of investment. Comoros also confronted domestically the problem of the degree of
democracythe government was prepared to grant to its citizens, a consideration that related to its standing in the world community.
In April 2008, the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation of
Yemenand Comoros Ministry of Fishery and Environment signed a "Memo of Understanding" (MOU) concerning agricultural cooperation. [ [http://www.sabanews.net/en/news152712.htm Yemen, Comoros sign agricultural MOU] . April 26, 2008.]
Diplomatic missions of Comoros
List of diplomatic missions in Comoros
Comoros-United States relations
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