Rockefeller University

Rockefeller University

Infobox University
name = Rockefeller University
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image_size = 200px
caption = Founder's Hall
latin_name =
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established = 1901
closed =
type = Private
affiliation =
endowment = $2.145 billion [cite web | title = All Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2007 Market Value of Endowment Assets with Percent Change Between 2006 and 2007 Endowment Assets | work =2007 NACUBO Endowment Study | publisher =National Association of College and University Business Officers | date = | url =http://www.nacubo.org/Images/All%20Institutions%20Listed%20by%20FY%202007%20Market%20Value%20of%20Endowment%20Assets_2007%20NES.pdf | format = PDF | doi = | accessdate =2008-08-29]
officer_in_charge =
chairman =
chancellor =
president = Sir Paul Nurse
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principal =
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postgrad =
doctoral =
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city = New York City
state = New York
province =
country = United States
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website = http://www.rockefeller.edu/

footnotes =
The Rockefeller University is a private university which focuses primarily on basic research in the biomedical fields and offers graduate and postgraduate education. It is located between 63rd and 68th Streets along York Avenue, on the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City, New York. Its current president is Sir Paul Nurse.

Twenty-three Nobel Prize winners have been associated with the university.

The university has been the site of many important scientific breakthroughs. Rockefeller scientists, for example, established that DNA is the chemical basis of heredity, discovered blood groups, showed that viruses can cause cancer, founded the modern field of cell biology, worked out the structure of antibodies, developed methadone maintenance for individuals addicted to heroin, devised the AIDS "cocktail" drug therapy, and identified the weight-regulating hormone leptin. [ [http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/22784.php Medical News Today] ]

History

The original Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research was founded in 1901 by the oil baron and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller, who had earlier founded the University of Chicago in 1889. The Rockefeller family has maintained strong links with the institution throughout its history–David Rockefeller, to give just one example, is the current Honorary Chairman and a Life Trustee. The Institute changed its name to The Rockefeller University in 1965, after expanding its mission to include education.

Upon its organization in 1901, Simon Flexner assumed the directorship.

At A Glance

The Rockefeller University Community

*>70 heads of laboratories
*190 research and clinical scientists
*360 postdoctoral investigators
*1,000 support staff
*150 Ph.D. students
*50 M.D.-Ph.D. students
*890 alumni(approximate numbers)

Areas of basic interdisciplinary research

*biochemistry, structural biology and chemistry
*molecular, cell and developmental biology
*immunology, virology and microbiology
*medical sciences and human genetics
*neuroscience
*physics and mathematical biology

Health conditions under study

*addiction
*aging
*AIDS
*Alzheimer’s disease
*antibiotic resistance
*arthritis
*cancer
*Chagas disease
*cystic fibrosis
*diabetes
*heart disease
*hepatitis C
*hereditary diseases
*memory loss with aging
*neurological disorders
*obesity
*psoriasis
*schizophrenia
*tuberculosis

Faculty Awards

Nobel Prize Recipients

::2003 Roderick MacKinnon::2001 Paul Nurse::2000 Paul Greengard::1999 Günter Blobel::1984 R. Bruce Merrifield::1981 Torsten Wiesel::1975 David Baltimore::1974 Albert Claude::1974 Christian de Duve::1974 George E. Palade::1972 Stanford Moore::1972 William H. Stein::1972 Gerald M. Edelman::1967 H. Keffer Hartline::1966 Peyton Rous::1958 Joshua Lederberg::1958 Edward L. Tatum::1953 Fritz Lipmann::1946 John H. Northrop::1946 Wendell M. Stanley::1944 Herbert S. Gasser::1930 Karl Landsteiner::1912 Alexis Carrel

Lasker Award Recipients

*For Basic Medical Research::2007 Ralph M. Steinman::2003 Robert G. Roeder::1999 Roderick MacKinnon::1998 Paul Nurse::1993 Günter Blobel::1982 Hidesaburo Hanafusa::1975 Henry G. Kunkel::1969 R. Bruce Merrifield::1966 George E. Palade::1963 Lyman C. Craig::1958 Peyton Rous::1948 Rene Dubos::1947 Oswald T. Avery
*For Clinical Research:

::1988 Vincent Dole::1978 Emil C. Gotschlich ::1957 Richard E. Shope::1946 Karl Landsteiner::1946 Philip Levine (physician)
*For Special Achievement in Medical Science:

::2002 James E. Darnell, Jr.::1994 Maclyn McCarty

National Medal of Science Recipients

::2005 Torsten N. Wiesel::2003 James E. Darnell Jr.::1989 Joshua Lederberg::1986 George E. Palade::1979 Paul A. Weiss ::1976 George E. Uhlenbeck::1974 James A. Shannon ::1973 Frederick Seitz::1968 Detlev W. Bronk ::1966 Fritz A. Lipmann::1965 Peyton Rous ::1965 Donald D. Van Slyke::1964 Theodosius Dobzhansky


=Members of the National Academy of Sciences=

::2008 Seth Darst::2007 Albert Libchaber::2007 Michael W. Young::2006 Titia de Lange::2006 Charles D. Gilbert::2006 Michael E. O’Donnell::2006 Jeffrey V. Ravetch::2005 C. David Allis::2005 Charles M. Rice ::2003 Cornelia I. Bargmann::2003 Barry S. Coller ::2001 Jeffrey M. Friedman::2001 Ralph M. Steinman ::2000 Roderick MacKinnon::1997 Joel E. Cohen ::1997 Bruce S. McEwen::1996 Elaine Fuchs::1995 Jan L. Breslow ::1995 Paul Nurse::1994 Donald Pfaff ::1991 A. James Hudspeth::1988 Mitchell J. Feigenbaum ::1988 Fernando Nottebohm ::1988 Robert G. Roeder::1987 Emil Gotschlich ::1985 Hidesaburo Hanafusa::1983 Günter Blobel ::1980 Torsten Wiesel::1978 Paul Greengard ::1975 Christian de Duve::1975 Philip Siekevitz::1973 James E. Darnell, Jr.::1972 R. Bruce Merrifield::1969 Norton D. Zinder ::1959 Frank Brink ::1957 Joshua Lederberg::1951 Frederick Seitz Foreign Associates

Members of the Institute of Medicine

::2005 Jeffrey M. Friedman ::2002 Ralph M. Steinman ::2000 Günter Blobel ::1999 Barry S. Coller ::1999 Paul Greengard::1998 Bruce S. McEwen ::1997 Jan L. Breslow ::1997 David D. Ho::1996 Torsten Wiesel ::1994 Elaine Fuchs::1993 Jules Hirsch ::1988 Emil C. Gotschlich::1971 Joshua Lederberg

Gairdner Foundation International Award Recipients

::2007 C. David Allis::2005 Jeffrey M. Friedman::2003 Ralph M. Steinman ::2001 Roderick MacKinnon::2000 Robert G. Roeder ::1992 Paul Nurse ::1986 James E. Darnell, Jr.::1982 Günter Blobel::1970 Vincent P. Dole ::1970 R. Bruce Merrifield::1967 Christian de Duve::1967 George E. Palade::1964 Keith R. Porter::1962 Henry G. Kunkel

MacArthur "Genius Grant" Recipients

::Robert Sapolsky::Joel Cohen::Mitchell Feigenbaum::Albert Libchaber::Robert Shapley ::Jay Weiss

Current Faculty

Faculty are assigned to any of six different research areas defined by the university. However, due to the highly interdisciplinary culture that Rockefeller University fosters, many faculty are listed under several research areas.

Biochemistry, Structural Biology and Chemistry

::C. David Allis::Günter Blobel::Sean F. Brady::Brian T. Chait::Seth Darst::Titia de Lange::Madhav Dhodapkar::David C. Gadsby::Howard C. Hang::Tarun Kapoor::Magda Konarska::Roderick MacKinnon::Tom W. Muir::Michael O'Donnell::Charles M. Rice::Robert G. Roeder::Michael P. Rout::Thomas P. Sakmar::C. Erec Stebbins::Alexander Tomasz::Thomas Tuschln

Immunology, Virology and Microbiology

::Paul Bieniasz::Robert B. Darnell::Madhav Dhodapkar::Vincent A. Fischetti::Howard C. Hang::David D. Ho::James G. Krueger::Christian Münz::Michel C. Nussenzweig::F. Nina Papavasiliou::Jeffrey V. Ravetch::Charles M. Rice::C. Erec Stebbins::Ralph M. Steinman::Alexander Tarakhovsky::Alexander Tomasz

Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology

::C. David Allis::Günter Blobel::Ali H. Brivanlou::Brian T. Chait::Nam-Hai Chua::Frederick R. Cross::George A.M. Cross::Titia de Lange::Elaine Fuchs::Hironori Funabiki::Ulrike Gaul::Mary E. Hatten::Nathaniel Heintz::Tarun Kapoor::Magda Konarska::Mary Jeanne Kreek::Albert J. Libchaber::Tom W. Muir::Paul Nurse::Robert G. Roeder::Michael P. Rout::Thomas P. Sakmar::Shai Shaham::Sanford M. Simon::Hermann Steller::Alexander Tomasz::Thomas Tuschl::Michael W. Young

Medical Sciences and Human Genetics

::Jan L. Breslow::Joel E. Cohen::Barry Coller::Robert B. Darnell::Madhav Dhodapkar::Jeffrey M. Friedman::David D. Ho::Mary Jeanne Kreek::James G. Krueger::John D. McKinney::Jürg Ott::Jeffrey V. Ravetch::Charles M. Rice::Ralph M. Steinman::Hermann Steller::Alexander Tomasz

Neuroscience

::Cori Bargmann::Ali H. Brivanlou::Robert B. Darnell::Jeffrey M. Friedman::David C. Gadsby::Ulrike Gaul::Charles D. Gilbert::Paul Greengard::Mary E. Hatten::Nathaniel Heintz::Bruce W. Knight::Mary Jeanne Kreek::Roderick MacKinnon::Marcelo O. Magnasco::Bruce S. McEwen::Fernando Nottebohm::Donald W. Pfaff::George N. Reeke Jr.::Shai Shaham::Sidney Strickland::Leslie B. Vosshall::Michael W. Young

Physics and Mathematical Biology

::Joel E. Cohen::Mitchell J. Feigenbaum::Konstantin A. Goulianos::A. James Hudspeth::Stanislas Leibler::Albert J. Libchaber::Marcelo O. Magnasco::Jürg Ott::Eric D. Siggia

Faculty history

In the mid 1970's, Rockefeller succeeded in attracting a few prominent academics in the humanities, most notably Saul Kripke, a notable logician, philosopher of language, and expositor of the work of Ludwig Wittgenstein. More recently, its faculty were winners of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1999, 2000, and 2001, and the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2003.

Previous Faculty Members:
Harry Frankfurt

Prominent alumni

David Baltimore, recipient of Nobel Prize in Physiology & Medicine in 1975 for the discovery of reverse transcriptase. Has served as president of both The Rockefeller University and the California Institute of Technology.

Barbara Ehrenreich, social commentator and author of the 2001 book "Nickel and Dimed: On (Not) Getting By In America".

Jonathan Lear, the John U. Nef Distinguished Service Professor in the Committee on Social Thought and professor of philosophy at the University of Chicago, who specializes in Aristotle and psychoanalysis.

Robert Sapolsky, Stanford Professor, MacArthur Grant recipient, and writer of numerous books on stress and natural history.

ee also

*John D. Rockefeller
*David Rockefeller
*Rockefeller family

References

Further reading

*Chernow, Ron. "Titan: The Life of John D. Rockefeller, Sr.", London: Warner Books, 1998.
*Hanson, Elizabeth. "The Rockefeller University Achievements: A Century of Science for the Benefit of Humankind, 1901-2001". New York: The Rockefeller University Press, 2000.
*Rockefeller, David. "Memoirs", New York: Random House, 2002.

External links

* [http://www.rockefeller.edu/ The Rockefeller University]
* [http://newswire.rockefeller.edu/ The Rockefeller University Newswire]
* [http://www.rucares.org/ The Rockefeller University Hospital]
* [http://www.rockefeller.edu/rupress The Rockefeller University Press]
* [http://selections.rockefeller.edu/ Natural Selections] (an unofficial Rockefeller University newsletter)


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  • Rockefeller-Universität — Rockefeller University: Founders Hall Die Rockefeller University ist eine Universität in New York City. Dort befindet sie sich zwischen der 63rd und der 68th street on York Avenue an der Upper East Side von Manhattan Island. Die Rockefeller… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research — Rockefeller University: Founders Hall Die Rockefeller University ist eine Universität in New York City. Dort befindet sie sich zwischen der 63rd und der 68th street on York Avenue an der Upper East Side von Manhattan Island. Die Rockefeller… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rockefeller — is a surname, and may refer to:Rockefeller family*John D. Rockefeller, Sr. (1839–1937), founder of the Standard Oil Company and the six generation family dynasty, and richest person in history *Laura Spelman Rockefeller (1839–1915), wife of John… …   Wikipedia

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  • Rockefeller Foundation —   [ rɔkɪfelə faʊn deɪʃn], 1913 von J. D. Rockefeller in New York errichtete Stiftung zur Förderung des Wohls der Menschheit. Anfänglich v. a. auf Unterstützung der medizinischen Forschung und Bekämpfung von Volkskrankheiten und Seuchen gerichtet …   Universal-Lexikon


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