George Shaw

George Shaw

Infobox Scientist
name = George Shaw
box_width =



image_width =150px
caption = George Shaw
birth_date = December 10, 1751
birth_place = Bierton, Buckinghamshire
death_date = July 22, 1813
death_place =
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = English
ethnicity =
field = botany
work_institutions = Oxford University
alma_mater =
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for =
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

George Shaw (December 10, 1751 - July 22, 1813) was an English botanist and zoologist.

Shaw was born at Bierton, Buckinghamshire and was educated at Magdalen Hall, Oxford, receiving his M.A. in 1772. He took up the profession of medical practitioner. In 1786 he became the assistant lecturer in botany at Oxford University. He was a co-founder of the Linnean Society in 1788, and became a fellow of the Royal Society in 1789.

In 1791 Shaw became assistant keeper of the natural history department at the British Museum, succeeding Edward Whitaker Gray as keeper in 1806. He found that most of the items donated to the museum by Hans Sloane were in very bad condition. Medical and anatomical material was sent to the museum at the Royal College of Surgeons, but many of the stuffed animals and birds had deteriorated and had to be burnt. The pay from the museum was so poor that Shaw had to spend much of his time writing, and thus neglected the upkeep of the collection. He was succeeded after his death by his assistant Charles Konig.

Shaw published one of the first English descriptions with scientific names of several of the common Australian animals in his "Zoology of New Holland" (1794). He was among the first scientists to examine a platypus and published the first scientific description of it in "The Naturalist's Miscellany" in 1799.

His other publications included:
*"Museum Leverianum", containing select specimens from the museum of the late Sir Ashton Lever (1792-6)
*"General Zoology, or Systematic Natural History" (16 vol.) (1809-1826) (volumes IX to XVI by James Francis Stephens)
*"The Naturalist's Miscellany: Or, Coloured Figures Of Natural Objects; Drawn and Described Immediately From Nature" (1789-1813) with Frederick Polydore Nodder (artist and engraver).

The standard botanical author abbreviation G.Shaw is applied to species he described.

References

*Mullens and Swann - "A Bibliography of British Ornithology" (1917)
*William T. Stearn - "The Natural History Museum at South Kensington" ISBN 0434736007


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • George Shaw — George Shaw, Punktstich von Ambroise Tardieu, Paris, 1820er Jahre[1] George Shaw (* 10. Dezember 1751, Bierton nahe Aylesbury, Mittelengland; † 22. Juli 1813, London) war ein englischer Naturforscher …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Shaw — Nacimiento 10 de diciembre de 1751 Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • George Shaw —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie différentes personnes partageant un même nom. George Kearsley Shaw (1751 1813), botaniste et zoologiste britannique. George Bernard Shaw (1856 1950), critique musical et dramatique irlandais, essayiste, et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Shaw (disambiguation) — George Shaw (1751 1813) was an English botanist and zoologist.George Shaw may also refer to: * George B. Shaw (1854 1894), U.S. Representative from Wisconsin * George Bernard Shaw (1856–1950), Irish playwright * George C. Shaw, Philippine… …   Wikipedia

  • George Shaw (zoologiste) — George Kearsley Shaw Pour les articles homonymes, voir George Shaw. George Shaw George Kearsley Shaw, né le 10 d …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Shaw (artist) — George Shaw (born 1966 in Coventry) is a Nottingham based contemporary artist who is noted for his highly detailed naturalistic approach and English suburban subject matter. His favoured medium is Humbrol enamel paints which lend his work a… …   Wikipedia

  • George Shaw-Lefevre, 1st Baron Eversley — George John Shaw Lefevre, 1st Baron Eversley, PC, DL (12 June 1831 ndash;19 April 1928) was a British Liberal politician.The only son of Sir John George Shaw Lefevre KCB and Rachel Enid Wright, and a nephew of Charles Shaw Lefevre, 1st Viscount… …   Wikipedia

  • George Shaw (American football) — Infobox Pro Football player Name=George Shaw DateOfBirth=July 25, 1933 Birthplace=Portland, Oregon, U.S. Height ft=6 Height in=1 Weight lbs=183 DateOfDeath=death date and age|1998|01|3|1933|07|25 Deathplace=Portland, Oregon, U.S.… …   Wikipedia

  • George Shaw (footballer) — Infobox Football biography playername = George Shaw fullname = George Edward Shaw dateofbirth = 13 October 1899 cityofbirth = Swinton, South Yorkshire countryofbirth = England dateofdeath = Death date and age|1973|3|10|1899|10|13|df=yes… …   Wikipedia

  • George Shaw (Australian footballer) — Infobox afl player | firstname = George lastname = Shaw birthdate = 1 April 1886 birthplace = originalteam = heightweight = 164cm / 65 kg dead = deathdate = deathplace = debutdate = 1911 debutteam = Fitzroy debutopponent = debutstadium =… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.