Evergreen Cemetery (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania)
- Evergreen Cemetery (Gettysburg, Pennsylvania)
Evergreen Cemetery is a privately owned community cemetery in historic
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. President Abraham Lincolndelivered his Gettysburg Addressfrom a platform constructed in the cemetery, located immediately adjacent to the Gettysburg National Cemetery.
Land on Raffensperger's Hill south of Gettysburg along the Baltimore Pike was procured in 1854 by a group of local residents headed by attorney
David McConaughy. The Evergreen Cemetery Association managed the property and oversaw selection of its caretakers. A large brick gatehouse was constructed in the late 1850s, and the caretakers took up residence there. By the time that the Civil War came to Gettysburg in the summer of 1863, the cemetery had become well established, and the height on which it was located had become known as Cemetery Hill.
Battle of Gettysburg, the hill served as a major position of the Union Army of the Potomac, an anchor of the famed "fish hook" defensive line. The cemetery and its gatehouse suffered damage from incoming artillery shells, as well as from the thousands of men and horses who tramped through it during and after the fighting. Following the battle, McConaughy procured adjacent land for the Federal government to establish a formal military cemetery. However, he insisted that Elizabeth Thorn, wife of the caretaker who was off in the army, bury nearly 100 dead soldiers, despite the fact that she was pregnant.
The cemetery continued to grow in size throughout the 19th and 20th Centuries, and still today has available plots for sale.
George Jacob Benner, U.S. Congressman
* John Burns, War of 1812 veteran who at age 70 fought as a civilian at Gettysburg
Steve Courson, professional football player in the NFL
* William Crawford, U.S. Congressman
Joel Buchanan Danner, U.S. Congressman
David McConaughy, attorney and advocate for battlefield preservation and the National Cemetery
Edward McPherson, U.S. Congressman and newspaper editor
Franklin Menges, U.S. Congressman
Marianne Moore, famed 20th Century poet
Eddie Plank, member of the Baseball Hall of Fame
Oscar Shaw, actor and singer
Samuel Simon Schmucker, Lutheran seminary president
John Augustus Swope, U.S. Congressman
William H. Tipton, early battlefield photographer
* Virginia "Ginnie" Wade, the only civilian killed during the Battle of Gettysburg
* [http://www.evergreencemetery.org/welcome.htm Official Webpage]
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