Populares


Populares

"Populares" ("favoring the people", singular "popularis") were aristocratic leaders in the late Roman Republic who tended to use the people's assemblies and tribunate in an effort to break the stranglehold of the Senate on political power. They were opposed by the conservative "optimates".

The populares wanted to strengthen the power of the "plebs," sharing riches of the nobility with the people, giving away goods such as bread to the poor, and limiting slavery, since slavery took jobs from poor free citizens.

The "populares'" plans included moving some Roman citizens to provincial colonies; expanding citizenship to communities outside Rome and Italy; and modifying the grain dole and monetary value. The "populares'" cause reached its peak under the dictatorship of Julius Caesar, their most avid leader. After the creation of the Second Triumvirate (43 BC–33 BC), the cause of the "populares" was essentially lost in the ensuing power struggle.

Besides Caesar, notable "populares" included the Gracchi brothers, Gaius Marius, Publius Clodius Pulcher, and (during the First Triumvirate) Marcus Licinius Crassus and Pompey. Both Pompey and Crassus had, however, fought on the side of Sulla during the civil war, and after the death of Crassus, Pompey eventually reverted to his position as a conservative "optimas".


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • POPULARES — urbana multitudo, populus seu plebs, quibus oppon untur militares, inl. 1. D. de Offic. Praef. Urb. in l. 7. Cod. Theodos. de Annonis civ. etc. Hinc Iul. Capitolin. in marco Antonino, c. 17. Et eô quidem tempore, quô pestilentia gravis multa… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Populares — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Los populares ( [los de la facción] del pueblo , en singular popularis) estaban constituidos por los jefes aristocráticos romanos que durante la República Romana tardía buscaban usar las asambleas populares romanas… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Populares — Pop u*la res, n. pl. [L.] The people or the people s party, in ancient Rome, as opposed to the optimates. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Populāres — (lat.), im alten Rom die Bewegungspartei, im Gegensatz zu den Optimates, s.d …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Populares — Populāres, im alten Rom, s. Optimates …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Populares — Les populares (en français : populaires) formaient une tendance politique populiste qui marqua la République romaine, notamment au IIe siècle av. J.‑C., en s’appuyant sur les revendications des couches les plus pauvres de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Populares UDEUR — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al aut …   Wikipedia Español

  • Grupo Las Populares — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Las Populares Información personal Origen Buenos Aires, Argentina Información artística Género(s) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Museo de Artes y Costumbres Populares (Málaga) — Museo de Artes y Costumbres Populares Información geográfica País Esp …   Wikipedia Español

  • Artes y tradiciones populares — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Las artes y tradiciones populares tanto en el pasado como en el presente, son las manifestaciones materiales, artísticas y espirituales, transmitidas y creadas por el pueblo. Ejemplos típicos de ambas son los trajes… …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.