Salem

Salem is a common name for towns and places, particularly in the Western world. In ancient times it was the name of a locality in the Near East (Palestine), and traditionally identified with Jerusalem, before the name "Jerusalem" was used. It is mentioned in the Bible in Genesis , in connection with the figure Melchizedek, typically translated "King of Salem" which means "King of Peace". However, the Hebrew text, according to some scholars, is not clear; instead of the "King of Salem" ("melekh Salem") reading, the original text may have had "melekh shelomo" ("a king allied to him"). [ [http://www.usccb.org/nab/bible/genesis/genesis14.htm#foot5 USCCB - NAB - Genesis 14 ] ] There may also be a connection to the Canaanite god Shalem. [http://www.biu.ac.il/JS/rennert/history_2.html]

Common uses

* Salem, Massachusetts
* Salem witch trials
* Salem, Oregon, capital of the US state of Oregon
* Salem, Tamil Nadu, India, the largest city with this name (pop. approx. 700,000)

Places

In the United States

* Salem, Alabama
* Salem, Arkansas
** Salem, Fulton County, Arkansas
** Salem, Saline County, Arkansas
* Salem, Connecticut
* Salem, Florida
* Salem, Georgia
* Salem, Idaho
* Salem, Illinois
* Salem, Indiana, in Washington County
* Salem, Jay County, Indiana
* Salem, Iowa
* Salem, Kansas
* Salem, Kentucky
* Salem, Maine
* Salem, Maryland
* Salem, Massachusetts
** Salem Maritime National Historic Site
** Salem witch trials
** Salem Harbor
** Salem Sound, a body of water
** Salem Channel, a part of the Salem Sound
* Salem, Michigan
* Salem, Mississippi
* Salem, Missouri
* Salem, Montana
* Salem, Nebraska
* Salem, New Hampshire
* Salem, New Jersey
** Salem Nuclear Power Plant
** Salem River, a tributary of the Delaware River
* Salem, New Mexico
* Salem, New York
** Salem, an earlier name of Brocton, New York
* Salem, North Carolina
* Salem, Ohio
* Salem, Oklahoma
* Salem, Oregon, the state capital
* Salem, Pennsylvania
* Salem, South Carolina
* Salem, South Dakota
* Salem, Utah
* Salem, Virginia
* Salem, Virginia Beach, Virginia
* Salem, West Virginia
* Salem, Wisconsin
** Salem, Kenosha County, Wisconsin
** Salem, Pierce County, Wisconsin

;Variants
* East Salem, Pennsylvania
* Lower Salem, Ohio
* New Salem
* Salem Township
* Winston-Salem, North Carolina
** Old Salem, a history museum in Winston-Salem

Elsewhere

;Canada
* Salem, Ontario

;Germany
* Salem, Baden-Württemberg
** Salem Abbey (Reichskloster Salem), a monastery
** Schule Schloss Salem, Germany (also referred to as Salem College, with a section called Salem International College)
* Salem, Schleswig-Holstein ;India
* Salem, Tamil Nadu, a city of 700,000
* Salem district, the district of Tamil Nadu in which the city of Salem is located

;Indonesia
* Salem, Brebes, located in the west part of Central Java

;Palestinian National Authority
*Salem, West Bank

;Spain
* Salem, Valencia

;Sweden
* Salem, Sweden
* Salem Municipality

;United Kingdom
* Salem, Greater Manchester, within Oldham, England
* Salem, village near Llandeilo, Wales
* Salem, Montserrat

People

* Abu Salem, accused in the 1993 Bombay bombings
* Emad Salem, an FBI informant
* Mamdouh Salem, former Prime Minister of Egypt 1975-1978
* Pamela Salem, a British film and television actress
* Peter Salem, a black slave who lived during the American Revolution
* Raphaël Salem, a Greek-Sephardic mathematician after whom are named the Salem numbers and whose widow founded the Salem Prize
* Salem al-Hazmi, one of five men named as a hijacker in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks
* Salem Chalabi, an Iraqi-American lawyer
* Salem Poor, a black soldier who fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill

Educational institutions

* Salem Castle School, Germany (sometimes also referred to as Salem College and with a section called Salem International College)
* Salem Academy, North Carolina
* Salem College, North Carolina
* Salem State College, Massachusetts
* Salem International University, West Virginia
* Salem High School, several in the United States

Religious institutions

*Salem Methodist Church Complex (Ohio)

Mathematics and science

* Salem number
* Salem Prize, in mathematics
* Salem hypothesis, in the creationism/evolution debate

Art, literature and press

* "Salem's Lot", a horror novel by Stephen King
* Salem Monthly, an alternative newspaper in Salem, Oregon

Entertainment

Music

* Salem (band), an Israeli extreme metal band
* Salem (US band), an indie rock band from the United States
* Salem Highballers, the recording name given to the McCray Family

Television

* Salem (Days of our Lives), the fictional setting of the U.S. soap opera "Days of our Lives"
* Salem Saberhagen, a cat in the comic book and television series "Sabrina, the Teenage Witch"

ports teams

* Salem Avalanche, a minor league baseball team
* Salem Stampede, a team in the International Basketball League

Business

* Salem Communications, a Christian company with divisions in radio, print, and web
* Salem (cigarette)

Other

* USS "Salem", the name of three ships of the United States Navy
* "Salem" (supertanker), involved in maritime insurance fraud
* Salem-Shotwell Covered Bridge, a covered bridge in Alabama, United States
* Salem Airport, list of airports associated with the name Salem

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Salem — ist ein Ortsname, der an einigen Stellen im Alten Testament der Bibel (Gen. 14,18; (Ps 76,3 ELB); Heb. 7,1 und 2) als Sitz des Königs Melchisedech erscheint. Gewöhnlich wird er als Name der Stadt Jerusalem interpretiert. Salem steht für: Salem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Salem — Salem, MO U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 4854 Housing Units (2000): 2368 Land area (2000): 3.019697 sq. miles (7.820979 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.019697 sq. miles (7.820979 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Salem — Жанры Экстремальный метал: Дэт метал, Дум метал, Блэк метал Восточный метал Годы 1985 наши дни …   Википедия

  • Salem — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Salem puede referirse a: Salem, uno de los nombres de Jerusalén, usado en el Génesis 14:18. Salem, una banda israelí de doom/death metal El misterio de Salem s Lot, libro de terror de Stephen King Iglesia Evangélica… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Salem — • An abbey situated near the Castle of Heiligenberg, about ten miles from Constance, Baden (Germany) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Salem     Salem …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Salem [1] — Salem, 1) der alte Name von Jerusalem, s.d.; 2) so v.w. Salim, s.d.; 3) Bezirksamt im badenschen Seekreise, am Bodensee; 4900 Ew.; 4) Weiler darin, Schloß u. Amtssitz an der Aach; Naturaliencabinet, Posthalterei; 300 Ew.; dabei die ehemalige… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Salem, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 1591 Housing Units (2000): 781 Land area (2000): 2.713049 sq. miles (7.026764 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000129 sq. miles (0.000334 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.713178 sq. miles (7.027098 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Salem 66 — was an indie group formed in 1982 by Judy Grunwald, Elisabeth Kaplan and Susan Merriam. At the time a serious all female rock band was somewhat unusual. Through the eighties, the band added and subtracted members, including Robert Wilson, Stephen …   Wikipedia

  • Salem, GA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Georgia Population (2000): 339 Housing Units (2000): 135 Land area (2000): 8.324803 sq. miles (21.561139 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.324803 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Salem, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 464 Housing Units (2000): 213 Land area (2000): 0.607540 sq. miles (1.573522 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003719 sq. miles (0.009631 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.611259 sq. miles (1.583153 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”