Self-report inventory

Self-report inventory

A self-report inventory is a type of psychological test in which a patient fills out a survey or questionnaire with or without the help of a mental health professional. Self-report inventories often ask direct questions about symptoms, behaviors, and personality traits associated with one or many mental disorders or personality types in order to easily gain insight into a patient's personality or illness. Most self-report inventories can be taken or administered within five to 15 minutes, although some, like the MMPI, can take up to three hours to fully complete.

Problems with Self-report inventories

The biggest problem with self-report inventories is that patients may exaggerate symptoms in order to make their situation seem worse, or they may under-report the severity or frequency of symptoms in order to minimize their problems. For this reason, self-report inventories should be used only for measuring for symptom change and severity and should never be solely used to diagnose a mental disorder. Clinical discretion is advised for all self-report inventories.

Many personality tests, such as the MMPI or the MBTI are designed to make it very difficult for a person to exaggerate traits and symptoms. However, these tests suffer from the inherent problems associated with personality theory and testing, in that "personality" is a fluid concept that can be difficult to define. Most personality inventories are based on a particular personality theory.

Popular Self-Report Inventories

* 16 PF
* Beck Anxiety Inventory
* Beck Depression Inventory
* Beck Hopelessness Scale
* California Psychological Inventory
* Geriatric Depression Scale
* Hirschfeld Mood Disorder Questionnaire
* Kuder Occupational Interest Survey
* Major Depression Inventory
* Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
* Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

References

* Aiken, L.R. (2002) "Psychological Testing and Assessment." New York: Allyn & Bacon


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • self-report inventory — noun a personality inventory in which a person is asked which of a list of traits and characteristics describe her or him or to indicate which behaviors and hypothetical choices he or she would make • Syn: ↑self report personality inventory •… …   Useful english dictionary

  • self-report personality inventory — noun a personality inventory in which a person is asked which of a list of traits and characteristics describe her or him or to indicate which behaviors and hypothetical choices he or she would make • Syn: ↑self report inventory • Hypernyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Self-esteem — In psychology, self esteem reflects a person s overall evaluation or appraisal of her or his own worth.Self esteem encompasses beliefs (for example, I am competent/incompetent ) and emotions (for example, triumph/, pride/shame). Behavior may… …   Wikipedia

  • Self storage — Example of a modern, urban, self storage facility. Self storage is an industry in which storage space is rented to tenants, usually on a monthly basis. A self storage business provides rooms, lockers, containers, and/or outdoor space in which… …   Wikipedia

  • Beck Depression Inventory — The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI, BDI II), created by Dr. Aaron T. Beck, is a 21 question multiple choice self report inventory that is one of the most widely used instruments for measuring the severity of depression. The most current version… …   Wikipedia

  • California Personality Inventory — noun a self report personality inventory originally derived from the MMPI; consists of several hundred yes no questions and yields scores on a number of scales including dominance and self acceptance and self control and socialization and… …   Useful english dictionary

  • California Psychological Inventory — The California Psychological Inventory (CPI) is a self report inventory created by Harrison Gough and currently published by Consulting Psychologists Press. It was created in a similar manner to the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory… …   Wikipedia

  • Eysenck Personality Inventory — noun a self report personality inventory based on Hans Eysenck s factor analysis of personality which assumes three basic factors (the two most important being extraversion to introversion and neuroticism) • Syn: ↑EPI • Hypernyms: ↑self report… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory — noun a self report personality inventory consisting of 550 items that describe feelings or actions which the person is asked to agree with or disagree with; many scales estimating traits and qualities of personality have been developed using MMPI …   Useful english dictionary

  • personality inventory — noun a questionnaire that is supposed to yield a description of a person s personality traits a personality inventory is a direct test of personality, as contrasted with a projective test • Syn: ↑personality assessment • Hypernyms: ↑questionnaire …   Useful english dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.