Civil Rights Memorial
The Civil Rights Memorial
detail - The Civil Rights Memorial

The Civil Rights Memorial is a memorial in Montgomery, Alabama to 40 people who died in the struggle for the equal and integrated treatment of all people, regardless of race, during the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.[1] The memorial is sponsored by the Southern Poverty Law Center.[2]

The names included belong to those who died between 1954 and 1968. Those dates were chosen because in 1954 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in schools was unlawful and 1968 is the year of Martin Luther King's assassination. The monument was created by Maya Lin who created the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.[2] The memorial was dedicated in 1989.[1]

The concept of Maya Lin's design is based on the soothing and healing effect of water. It was inspired by Martin Luther King, Jr.'s paraphrase "... we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream. ...", from the "I Have a Dream" speech, delivered at the Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C. on August 28, 1963.[2] This passage in King's speech is a direct reference to Amos 5:24, as translated in the King James version of the Bible. The memorial is a fountain in the form of a round stone inverted cone. A film of water flows over the base of the cone, which contains the 40 names included. It is possible to touch the smooth film of water and temporarily alter the surface film, which quickly returns to smoothness. As such, the memorial represents the aspirations of the American civil rights movement against racism.

Contents

Tours

The memorial is located in an open plaza and may be visited freely from dawn to dusk, 7 days a week.[2] The Civil Rights Memorial Center, located at 400 Washington Avenue, offers guided group tours lasting approximately one hour. Tours are available by appointment, Monday through Saturday.[3]

The memorial is within walking distance of other historic sites including the Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist Church, the Alabama State Capitol, the Alabama Department of Archives and History and the Rosa Parks Library and Museum.

See also

  • History of fountains in the United States

References

  1. ^ a b Scott Johnson (Nov 5, 2009). "Civil Rights Memorial marks 20 years". Montgomery Advertiser. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Civil Rights Memorial". Southern Poverty Law Center. http://www.splcenter.org/civil-rights-memorial. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Civil Rights Memorial & Center". Montgomery Area Chamber of Commerce, Convention & Visitor Bureau. http://visitingmontgomery.com/visit/civil_rights_memorial_center. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 

External links

Coordinates: 32°22′35″N 86°18′12″W / 32.37626°N 86.303253°W / 32.37626; -86.303253


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Virginia Civil Rights Memorial — The Virginia Civil Rights Memorial is a monument in Richmond, Virginia commemorating protests which helped bring about school desegregation in the state.cite web |url=http://www.jimcrowhistory.org/resources/narratives/Joan Johns Cobb.htm… …   Wikipedia

  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 — Full title An act to enforce the constitutional right to vote, to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the United States of America to provide relief against discrimination in public accommodations, to authorize the Attorney General to …   Wikipedia

  • Civil rights movement — See also: Protests of 1968 and African American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968) The civil rights movement was a worldwide political movement for equality before the law occurring between approximately 1950 and 1980. In many situations it… …   Wikipedia

  • Civil rights movement in Omaha, Nebraska — Part of a series on African Americans in Omaha Historic places Notable people Neighborhood Museum Music Racial tension Time …   Wikipedia

  • Civil rights —    The modern civil rights movement had its origins in organizations formed early in the 20th century and in developments in the 1930s and 1940s. The leading black civil rights organization, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Timeline of African-American Civil Rights Movement — African American topics History  Atlantic slave trade · Maafa Slavery in the United States Military history of African Americans …   Wikipedia

  • Mississippi civil rights workers murders — Memorial to the victims of the Mississippi civil rights workers murders Andrew Goodman, James Earl Chaney, and Michael H. Schwerner Mt. Nebo Missionary Baptist Church, Philadelphia, Mississippi The Mississippi civil rights workers murders… …   Wikipedia

  • African-American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968) — American Civil Rights Movement redirects here. For the earlier period, see African American Civil Rights Movement (1896–1954). Prominent figures of the African American Civil Rights Movement. Clockwise from top left: W. E. B. Du Bois, Malcolm X,… …   Wikipedia

  • National Civil Rights Museum — The motel where Rev. King was assassinated is now the site of the National Civil Rights Museum. King was standing on the motel s balcony at the place near the wreath. General information …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of the African-American Civil Rights Movement — This is a timeline of the African American Civil Rights Movement.1600 – 1799See also Racism in the United States.1676 *unknown Both free and enslaved African Americans fought in Bacon s Rebellion along with English colonists. 1739 *September 9 In …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”