- Amadis (Lully)
"Amadis" or "Amadis de Gaule" (Amadis of Gaul) is a "
tragédie en musique" in a prologue and five acts by Jean-Baptiste Lullyto a librettoby Philippe Quinaultbased on Nicolas Herberay des Essarts' adaptation of Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo's " Amadis de Gaula". It was premiered at the Paris Opéra January 18 1684. There was a later production at Versailleswithout machines in 1685. [Roscow]
"Amadis" was the first "tragédie en musique" to be based on chivalric rather than mythological themes; Lully's last three completed operas followed in this course.
Louis XIV of Francechose the theme. In the dance troupe the principal male dancers were Pierre Beauchamps, Louis Guillaume Pécourand Lestang, and the principal female dancers were La Fontaine, Carré and Pesan. There were eight revivals of the opera in Parisbetween 1687 and 1771. Between 1687 and 1729 it was produced in Amsterdam, The Hague, Marseilles, Rouen, Brussels, Lunéville, Lyon, and Dijon. Today the most famous aria from "Amadis" is Amadis' much anthologized monologue from act two, [http://nla.gov.au/nla.mus-an24213665 "Bois épais"] . At the beginning of the same act Arcabonne sings "Amour, que veux-tu de moy?", as once did ‘every cook in France’, according to Le Cerf de la Viéville (Comparaison, 1704–6) [Roscow]
*Lois Roscow. "Amadis", "Grove Music Online", ed. L. Macy (accessed
July 23 2006), [http://www.grovemusic.com/ grovemusic.com] (subscription access).
* [http://www.unt.edu/lully/Amadis/Amadplot.html Plot summary] on University of North Texas
* [http://www.library.unt.edu/music/lully/Amadis1684/amadis.pdf Original printed score (pdf)]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.