ISO 22000

ISO 22000 is a standard developed by the International Organization for Standardization dealing with food safety. This is a general derivative of ISO 9000.

Food safety

Food safety is linked to the presence of food-borne hazards in food at the point of consumption. Since food safety hazards can occur at any stage in the food chain it is essential that adequate control be in place. Therefore, a combined effort of all parties through the food chain is required.

ISO 22000 standard

The ISO 22000 international standard specifies the requirements for a food safety management system that involves the following elements:

* interactive communication

* system management

* prerequisite programmes

* HACCP principles

Crititcal reviews of the above elements have been conducted by many scientists cite web
last = Surak
first = John G.
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = ISO 22000: Requirements for Food Safety Management Systems
work =
publisher =
date =
url = http://www.asq.org/qic/display-item/index.html?item=20317
format =
doi =
accessdate = 28 February
accessyear = 2008
] , cite web
last = Hiroshi
first = Ogawa
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Sterilization and sanitation technologies in the latest food manufacture processes, Total food safety management by ISO 22000 "food safety management system"
work =
publisher =
date =
url = http://sciencelinks.jp/j-east/article/200705/000020070505A0463346.php
format =
doi =
accessdate = 28 February
accessyear = 2008
] , cite web
last = Markus
first = M. Mijanovic
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = ISO 22000:2005 and HACCP
work =
publisher =
date =
url = http://www.cqm.co.yu/fq2006/pdf/A/52%20-%20Markus%20M%20M.pdf
format =
doi =
accessdate = 28 February
accessyear = 2008
] , cite journal
last = Prati
first = R
authorlink =
coauthors = Deborah A. McIntyre
title = The new ISO 22000 (final proposal) norm on food safety management
journal = Ingredienti Alimentari
volume = 3
issue = 4
pages = 19–21
publisher = Chiriotti Editori Spa
location =
date = 2004
url = http://www.cababstractsplus.org/google/abstract.asp?AcNo=20043181268
doi =
id =
accessdate = 28 February
accessyear = 2008
] . Communication along the food chain is essential to ensure that all relevant food safety hazards are identified and adequately controlled at each step within the food chain. This implies communication between organizations both upstream and downstream in the food chain. Communication with customers and supplies about identified hazards and control measures will assist in clarifying customer and supplier requirements.

Recognition of the organization's role and position within the food chain is essential to ensure effective interactive communication throughout the chain in order to deliver safe food products to the final consumer.

The most effective food safety systems are established, operated and updated within the framework of a structured management system and incorporated into the overall management activities of the organization. This provides maximum benefit for the organization and interested parties. ISO 22000 has been aligned with ISO 9001 in order to enhance the compatibility of the two standards.

ISO 22000 can be applied independently of other management system standards or integrated with existing management system requirements.

ISO 22000 integrates the principles of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system and application steps developed by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. By means of auditable requirements, it combines the HACCP plan with prerequisite programmes. Hazard analysis is the key to an effective food safety management system, since conducting a hazard analysis assists in organizing the knowledge required to establish an effective combination of control measures. ISO 22000 requires that all hazards that may be reasonably expected to occur in the food chain, including hazards that may be associated with the type of process and facilities used, are identified and assessed. Thus it provides the means to determine and document why certain identified hazards need to be controlled by a particular organization and why others need not.

During hazard analysis, the organization determines the strategy to be used to ensure hazard control by combining the prerequisite programmes and the HACCP plan.

ISO is developing additional standards that are related to ISO 22000. These standards will be known as the ISO 22000 family of standards. At the present time, the following standards will make up the ISO 22000 family of standards:

ISO 22000 - Food safety management systems - Requirements for any organization in the food chain.

ISO 22001 - Guidelines on the application of ISO 9001:2000 for the food and drink industry (replaces: ISO 15161:2001).

ISO TS 22003 - Food safety management systems for bodies providing audit and certification of food safety management systems.

ISO TS 22004 - Food safety management systems - Guidance on the application of ISO 22000:2005.

ISO 22005 - Traceability in the feed and food chain - General principles and basic requirements for system design and implementation.

ISO 22006 - Quality management systems - Guidance on the application of ISO 9002:2000 for crop production.

US Delegation to ISO 22000

* Rick Stier, a food science consultant out of Sonoma, California
* Steve Wilson
* [http://www.foodsqm.com/Members/johnsurak John G. Surak] , leader of US Delegation to Working Group 8 of ISO Technical Committee 34 for ISO 22000

At the 2006 Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) Annual Meeting and Expo in Orlando, Florida at the IFT Quality Assurance Division symposium #058 "Global Supply Chain Quality and Food Safety Management" all three members of the delegation spoke on various aspects of ISO 22000 along with other industry leaders.

Symposium 058 dealt with the issues of ISO 22000 and international supply chain quality and food safety management. All three members of the US delegation (Dr. John Surak, Rick Stier, and Steven Wilson) to ISO 22000 spoke. The international standard ISO 22000 was a primary focus, examining the role of prerequisite programs as a basis for ensuring food safety and the application of ISO 22000 and 9001 to the USDC Seafood Inspection Program. In addition, Sid Jhaveri discussed how Starbucks Coffee manages their international supply chain and Jeffery Cawley spoke on how to implement a supply chain quality and food safety information management system that meets current ISA, SCOR and ISO standards. The individual papers were:
* [http://www.foodsqm.com/Members/jcawley/plonearticlemultipage.2006-12-30.5452273903/058-01-overview-of-iso-22000-and-international-supply-chain-safety-and-quality-management John Surak, Clemson University, "Overview of ISO 22000 and international supply chain safety and quality management" Food Safety News FoodSQM.com]
* [http://www.foodsqm.com/Members/jcawley/plonearticlemultipage.2006-12-30.5452273903/058-02-prerequisite-programs-as-a-basis-for-ensuring-food-safety Rick Stier, Consulting Food Scientists, "Prerequisite programs as a basis for ensuring food safety" Food Safety News FoodSQM.com ]
* [http://www.foodsqm.com/Members/jcawley/plonearticlemultipage.2006-12-30.5452273903/058-03-applying-iso-22000-and-9001-to-food-systems-usdc-seafood-inspection-program-as-a-case-study Steve Wilson, NOAA Fisheries Seafood Inspection Program, "Applying ISO 22000 and 9001 to food systems: USDC seafood inspection program as a case study" Food Safety News FoodSQM.com]
* [http://www.foodsqm.com/Members/jcawley/plonearticlemultipage.2006-12-30.5452273903/058-04-a-global-perspective-on-the-role-of-quality-assurance-in-the-supply-chain Sid Jhaveri, Starbucks Coffee Company, "A global perspective on the role of quality assurance in the supply chain" Food Safety News FoodSQM.com ]
* [http://www.foodsqm.com/Members/jcawley/plonearticlemultipage.2006-12-30.5452273903/058-05-implementing-quality-and-food-safety-management-systems Jeffery Cawley, Northwest Analytical, "Implementing quality and food safety management systems" Food Safety News FoodSQM.com]

PDFs and audio of Symposium 058 are available on line: [http://www.foodsqm.com/Members/jcawley/plonearticlemultipage.2006-12-30.5452273903 Food Safety News FoodSQM.com Symposium on ISO 22000 and global food safety systems presented at the IFT 2006 Annual Meeting]

ISO 9001 vs ISO 22000

In comparison with ISO 9001, the standard is a more procedural orientated guidance than a principle based one. Apart from that, ISO 22000 is an industrial-specific risk management system for any type of food processing and marketing, which can be closely incorporated with the quality management system of ISO 9001. The detailed similarities and differences of the two standards can be found elsewhere cite web
last = Surak
first = John G.
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Comparison of ISO 9001 and ISO 22000
work =
publisher =
date =
url = http://foodsqm.files.wordpress.com/2007/11/comparison_of_iso_9001_and_iso_22000.pdf
format =
doi =
accessdate = 28 February
accessyear = 2008
] , cite web
last = Praxiom Research Group Limited
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = ISO22000:2005 in plain English
work =
publisher =
date =
url = http://www.praxiom.com/iso-22000-intro.htm
format =
doi =
accessdate = 28 February
accessyear = 2008
] , cite web
last = Faergemand
first = Jacob
authorlink =
coauthors = Dorte Jespersen
title = ISO 22000 to ensure integrity of food supply chain
work =
publisher =
date =
url = http://www.iso.org/iso/tool_5-04.pdf
format =
doi =
accessdate = 28 February
accessyear = 2008
] , cite web
last = Frost
first = Roger
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = ISO 22000 is first in family of food safety management system standards
work =
publisher =
date =
url = http://www.iso.org/iso/iso-22000_food_safety.pdf
format =
doi =
accessdate = 28 February
accessyear = 2008
] , cite web
last = Goichiro
first = Yukawa
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = The points of ISO 22000
work =
publisher =
date =
url = http://sciencelinks.jp/j-east/article/200618/000020061806A0655370.php
format =
doi =
accessdate = 28 February
accessyear = 2008
] .

Potential justification

In 2004, European Office of Crafts, Trades and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises for Standardisation addressed that the standard is only suitable for large sized companies and small food businesses will not be able to seek such a high standard due to the lack of resources to pursue the certification. The agency suggests to create an alternative for small food business to achieve the same objective cite web
last = European Office of Crafts, Trades and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises for Standardisation
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Normapme Food Group Position on TC 34 draft standard ISO 22000
work =
publisher =
date = 2004
url = http://www.normapme.com/docs/positions/2004/iso22000%20position%20of%20NORMAPME.pdf
format =
doi =
accessdate = 28 February
accessyear = 2008
] . EFSA is now making their efforts on the food legislations that are adaptable for the SMEs in food supply chains cite web
last = NORMAPME
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Promoting craft and SMEs in the area of European standardisation
work =
publisher =
date = 2007
url = http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/entrepreneurship/craft/craft-priorities/doc_stand/normapme_report_2007.pdf
format =
doi =
accessdate = 28 February
accessyear = 2008
] . A few critics also proposed that organizations which seek the standard certification should also do the same to the ISO 14001 along with the ISO 9001, as they consider that large amounts of risks are mainly from the primary production in the supply chains rather than the later stages of food processing cite web
last = Dias Report
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Life Cycle Assessment in the Agri-food sector
work =
publisher =
date = 2003
url = http://www.lcafood.dk/lca_conf/DJFrapport_paper_2_poster.pdf
format =
doi =
accessdate = 29 February
accessyear = 2008
] , cite web
last = URS/PK Project Report
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Training Courses on International Standards and Regulations for the Food Industry
work =
publisher =
date = 2007
url = http://www.safefood.org.pk/training/Final%20Report.pdf
format =
doi =
accessdate = 29 February
accessyear = 2008
]

See also

* Food safety
* List of ISO standards

References & notes

*ISO 22000:2005
*ISO 9001:2000
*Surak, John G. "A Recipe for Safe Food: ISO 22000 and HACCP". "Quality Progress". October 2007. pp. 21-27.

External links

* [http://www.ifsqn.com/forum/index.php ISO 22000 Discussion Forum]
* [http://www.iso.ch/iso/en/CatalogueDetailPage.CatalogueDetail?CSNUMBER=35466 ISO 22000 Standard]
* [http://store.bizmanualz.com/policy_procedure_training/ISO_220002005_Food_Safety_AuditorLead_Auditor_Class-73-27.html ISO 22000:2005 Food Safety Auditor-Lead Auditor ]
* [http://www.ursindia.com/iso22000.htm ISO 22000 British Certification Body]
* [http://www.ssqmi.com/22000.html ISO 22000 Training]
* [http://www.iso.com.tr ISO 22000 Turkey]
* [http://www.22000-tools.com/iso-22000-explained.html ISO 22000 Explained]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ISO 22000 — ISO 22000  серия международных стандартов на Системы менеджмента в области безопасности пищевой продукции. Содержание 1 ISO 22000:2005 1.1 Назначение стандарта …   Википедия

  • Iso 22000 — L ISO 22000 est une norme internationale, relative à la sécurité alimentaire. Elle est applicable pour tous les organismes de la filière agro alimentaire, et c est la seule norme internationale portant sur le management de la sécurité des denrées …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ISO 22000 — es una norma ISO que define y especifica los requerimientos para desarrollar e implantar , con el fin de lograr un armonización internacional que permita una mejora de la seguridad alimentaria durante el transcurso de toda la cadena de suministro …   Wikipedia Español

  • ISO 22000 — L ISO 22000 est une norme internationale, relative à la sécurité des denrées alimentaires. Elle est applicable pour tous les organismes de la filière agro alimentaire. Sommaire 1 Objet 2 Qui est concerné ? 3 Engagement de la direction …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ISO 22000 — DIN EN ISO 22000 Bereich Qualitätsmanagement Titel Managementsysteme für die Lebensmittelsicherheit – Anforderungen an Organisationen in der Lebensmittelkette …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ISO 22000:2005 — изд.1 P TC 34 Системы менеджмента безопасности пищевых продуктов. Требования ко всем организациям в цепи производства и потребления пищевых продуктов раздел 67.020 …   Стандарты Международной организации по стандартизации (ИСО)

  • EN ISO 22000 — DIN EN ISO 22000 Bereich Qualitätsmanagement Regelt Managementsysteme für die Lebensmittelsicherheit Anforderungen an Organisationen in der Lebensmittelkette …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ДСТУ ISO 22000:2007 — Системи керування безпечністю харчових продуктів. Вимоги до будь яких організацій харчового ланцюга (ISO 22000:2005, IDT) [br] НД чинний: від 2007 08 01 Зміни: Технічний комітет: Мова: Метод прийняття: Переклад Кількість сторінок: 38 Код НД… …   Покажчик національних стандартів

  • ISO 19011 — ISO 19011:2011 «Руководящие указания по аудиту систем менеджмента»  международный стандарт, содержащий руководящие указания по аудиту систем менеджмента организаций. Стандарт разработан Техническим комитетом ТК 176 Международной организации… …   Википедия

  • ISO 9000 — is a family of standards for quality management systems. ISO 9000 is maintained by ISO, the International Organization for Standardization and is administered by accreditation and certification bodies. Some of the requirements in ISO 9001 (which… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”