Chulalongkorn University

Chulalongkorn University
Chulalongkorn University
จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย (จุฬาฯ)
Established March 26, 1917
Type Public
President Professor Pirom Kamol-Ratanakul, M.D.
Students 36,199[1]
Undergraduates 22,575
Postgraduates 10,384
Doctoral students 2,422
Location Bangkok, Thailand
13°44′18″N 100°31′57″E / 13.73826°N 100.532413°E / 13.73826; 100.532413Coordinates: 13°44′18″N 100°31′57″E / 13.73826°N 100.532413°E / 13.73826; 100.532413
Campus Urban
Former names Royal Pages School, Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn
Symbolic tree Rain tree
Colours Pink     
Affiliations ASAIHL, AUN, APRU
Website www.chula.ac.th
Pillar of the Kingdom

Chulalongkorn University (Thai: จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย) (commonly abbreviated as "Chula") is the oldest university in Thailand[2] and is the country's highest ranked university.[3] It now has nineteen faculties and institutes. Regarded as the best and most selective university in Thailand, it consistently attracts top students from around the country. It is named after King Chulalongkorn (Rama V), and was established by his son and successor King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) in 1917 by combining the Royal Pages School and the College of Medicine.

Bird-angle view of Chulalongkorn University

Its campus occupies a vast area in downtown Bangkok, close to the popular teenagers' hangout, Siam Square, and adjacent to the most prestigious and private sports club, The Royal Bangkok Sports Club. The symbol of the University is the Phra Kiao, a royal insignia. Diplomas were traditionally handed out at graduation by the King of Thailand, created and begun by King Prajadhipok (Rama VII). But at present, King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX) delegates the role to one of his daughters, Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn.

During the years 1973–1977 Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn was a student at the University, becoming the first member of the Thai Royal Family to graduate from a Thai university. Prior to that, Thai royals had always studied abroad.

Contents

History

The university was named after King Chulalongkorn

The demands of officials specialized in various fields by the government in the late 19th century Siam was an aftermath of King Chulalongkorn’s bureaucratic reforms, which aimed to transform the feudal Thai society into a modernized state. In 1899, the king founded the Civil Service Training School (Thai: โรงเรียนสำหรับฝึกหัดวิชาข้าราชการฝ่ายพลเรือน) near the northern gate of the Royal Palace. Those who graduated from the school would became royal pages. Being royal pages, he must learn how to administrate organization by working closely with the king, which is a traditional way of entrance to Siamese bureaucracy. After being royal pages, he would then served in the Mahattai Ministry or other government ministries.

On April 1, 1902[4] the king thought the name of the school should be renamed to increase dignity of students and graduates. Hence the name Royal Pages School (Thai: โรงเรียนมหาดเล็ก) was later used. Later, on January 1, 1911,[5] King Vajiravudh renamed the school again to Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn (Thai: โรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือนของพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว) as a memorial to his father and moved the school to Windsor Palace (Thai: วังวินด์เซอร์ หรือวังใหม่) in the Pathumwan district.

The academic demands, however, increased all over the country as a whole as Siam was modernized. King Vajiravudh then took the remaining funds of Chulalongkorn’s Royal Equestrian Statue construction, which was collected from people. Then combined with his own funds to subsidize the construction of a university campus. The king organized various schools around the city proper into the Chulalongkorn's College. The college offered 8 majors taught by 5 schools including;

  • School of International Relations in the Royal Palace
  • School of Teacher Training at Baan Somdet Chao Phraya
  • Royal Medical College at Siriraj Hospital
  • School of Legal Studies
  • School of Mechanical Sciences at the Windsor Palace

King Rama VI then realized that the education should be provided to all people not only for the bureaucrats. On March 26, 1917, the college was upgraded to the Chulalongkorn University (Thai: จุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย),[6] and the schools were transformed into four faculties: Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Faculty of Public Administration, Faculty of Engineering, and Faculty of Medicine.

Chulalongkorn University main auditorium

The university firstly granted certificates to its graduates. The education for a degree was then prepared. The Rockefeller Foundation reorganized the curriculum of the Faculty of Medicine. In 1923, the Faculty of Medicine became the first faculty to accept students from the secondary education (known as Mattayom). The remaining faculties then followed suit. After the 1932 Revolution, the Khana Ratsadon wanted the legal and political studies to be independent from "royalists'" Chulalongkorn University so they took the Faculty of Law and Political Science into their new Thammasat University in 1933.

In 1938, the Chulalongkorn University’s Preparatory School was founded to provide pre-collegiate education for its students. Those who managed to enter the university had to spent two years in the Preparatory School before going on to the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. The Preparatory School, however, ceased to be a university-owned preparatory school in 1947 and became independent Triam Udom Suksa School. Later, the university established Chulalongkorn University Demonstration School (CUD) system as laboratory primary and high schools for Faculty of Education.

Faculties

Chulalongkorn University consists of 20 faculties and schools which function as a teaching and researching unit.[7]

The original building of faculty of engineering (Building one) or nickname "the red palace"

In 1917, the university had four faculties: Arts and Sciences, Public Administration, Engineering and Medicine. The Faculty of Law was established in 1933 as part of the Faculty of Law and Political Science.[8] During the 1930s to the 1950s it expanded to various fields including Pharmacy (1934), Veterinary Science (1935), Architecture (1939), Dentistry (1940), and Commerce and Accountancy (1943). In 1943, the regency government under General Phibun separated the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, and Veterinary Science to become the University of Medical Sciences (now Mahidol University). In 1948, the Faculty of Political Science was re-established. The Faculty of Education was established in 1957 from the School of Teacher Training at Baan Somdet Chao Phraya (Thai: โรงเรียนฝึกหัดครู บ้านสมเด็จเจ้าพระยา).[9] In 1967, the Faculty of Veterinary Science was returned from Kasetsart University and the Faculty of Medicine at Chulalongkorn Hospital was moved from University of Medical Sciences to Chulalongkorn University. In 1972, the Faculty of Dentistry and Faculty of Pharmacy were retrieved.

The Office of Commission on Agricultural Resource Education (OCARE), which will be transformed into "Faculty of Food and Agriculture" in the future, was established in 2009.[10] It receives students from two groups. The first group comes from Northern Thailand provinces (Nan, Phayao, Phrae, Uttaradit) which are target area of university's agricultural promotion. The second one comes from other provinces.

Faculty of Dentistry
List of faculties
  • Faculty of Allied Health Sciences
  • Faculty of Architecture
  • Faculty of Arts
  • Chulalongkorn Business School
  • Faculty of Communication Arts
  • Faculty of Dentistry
  • Faculty of Economics
  • Faculty of Education
  • Faculty of Engineering
  • Faculty of Fine and Applied Arts
  • Faculty of Law
  • Faculty of Medicine
  • Faculty of Nursing
  • Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Faculty of Political Science
  • Faculty of Psychology
  • Faculty of Science
  • Faculty of Veterinary Science
  • Faculty of Sport Sciences
  • Graduate School
Chamchuri Square, a high-rise building complex located near faculty of commerce and accountancy,is owned by Chulalongkorn University
Associated institutions
  • Chulalongkorn University Demonstrational Schools (CUD)
  • The Petroleum and Petrochemical College
  • The College of Public Health Science
  • College of Population Studies
  • Metallurgy and Materials Science Research Institite
  • The Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering
  • Aquatic Resources Research Institute, Environmental Research Institute
  • Social Research Institute, Institute of Asian Studies
  • Transportation Institute
  • Sasin Business School (Sasin Business School was founded by Chulalongkorn University with the support and collaboration of the Kellogg School of Management and the Wharton Business School.)

Rankings

University World Ranking in 2005 - 2011 by QS World University Rankings [11]
2011[12] 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005
Overall 171 180 138 166 223 161 161
Arts & Humanities 69 78 49 119 136 - -
Natural Sciences 138 186 136 171 159 - -
Engineering & IT 104 101 78 86 100 - -
Social Sciences 68 78 51 72 83 - -
Life Sciences 78 130 51 108 138 - -

Notable Faculty and Alumni

  • HRH Prince Mahidol Adulyadej of Songkhla, father of King Ananda Mahidol and King Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • HRH Princess Galyani Vadhana, princess of Narathiwat, Thailand
  • HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, princess of Thailand
  • Prawes Wasi, a winner of the Ramon Magsaysay Award
  • Banjong Pisanthanakun, a Thai film director and screenwriter, notable for his films Shutter and Alone.
  • Surakiart Sathirathai, former Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand
  • Mallica Vajrathon, a United Nations Senior Staff Member
  • Win Lyovarin, a Thai writer, two-time winner of the S.E.A. Write Award
  • Binlah Sonkalagiri, a winner of the S.E.A. Write Award
  • Khunying Sudarat Keyuraphan, the deputy leader of the Thai Rak Thai party, former Thailand's Minister of Agriculture
  • Thanpuying Dhasanawalaya Sornsongkram, daughter of HRH Princess Galyani Vadhana
  • HRH Princess Sirivannavari Nariratana, princess of Thailand
  • Apinan Poshyananda, Director-General, Office of Contemporary Art, The Ministry of Culture and one of the top curators in the Asian region
  • Montien Boonma, one of the most celebrated Asian contemporary artists
  • Thongchai Winichakul, a professor in the History Department, University of Wisconsin–Madison, and a specialist in the intellectual and cultural history of Thailand
  • Decha Boonkham, Thailand National Artist in the area of applied arts (landscape architecture)
  • Krisda Arunvongse, Thailand National Artist in the area of applied arts (contemporary architecture)
  • Rawee Pawilai, a renowned expert on astronomy, and Thailand National Artist in the area of literature
  • Prayom Songthong, Thailand National Artist in the area of literature
  • Supachai Chansuwan, Thailand National Artist in the area of Thai dance
  • Khunying Vinita Diteeyont, Thailand National Artist in the area of literature
  • Jullatat Kitibud, Thailand National Artist in the area of applied arts (contemporary architecture)
  • Nithi Sthapitanonda, one of Thailand's most renowned contemporary architects, and Thailand National Artist in the area of applied arts (contemporary architecture)
  • Supa sirising or Botan, Thailand National Artist in the area of literature
  • Pinyo Suwankiri, Thailand National Artist in the area of applied arts (Thai architecture)
  • Borwornsak Uwanno, a Thai legal expert and a cabinet secretary-general under the Thaksin-government
  • Kiatisuk Senamuang, a professional football player
  • Sukhumbhand Paripatra, the 15th Governor of Bangkok
  • Pasu Decharin, a guru in Blue Ocean Strategy
  • Montri Toemsombat, a well-known fashion artist
  • Russamee Gulyanamitta or Russy Gulyanamitta, a professional golfer
  • Narongrit Dhamabutra [13], Thai Composer
  • Suporn Watanyusakul, pioneer in vaginoplasty & facial reconstruction

Honorary Degrees

The University has given honorary degrees to heads of state and other international dignitaries, including two US Presidents:

Traditions

Chulalongkorn University student traditions include:

  • Chula–Thammasat Traditional Football Match: The annual football match between Chulalongkorn University and Thammasat University in January at Suphashalasai Stadium. It first started in 1934.
  • Loy Krathong: an annual celebration of the full moon night, which usually falls on the first full moon day in November. Since the festival is open to the public, it attracts many people, especially Chulalongkorn students and faculty and those who live in downtown Bangkok, to come to the university to float their Krathongs on the university's pond.
  • Chulalongkorn Academic Exhibition: a triennial academic and research exhibition presented by Chulalongkorn University's students and faculty. It is regarded as one of the most important academic fairs in Thailand.

Student activities and clubs

Students dormitory

The University is host to 40 student clubs, including the Buddhism and Tradition Club, the Religious Studies Club, the Mind Study Club, and the Thai Classical Music Club.[14] Chulalongkorn also has a Morals Network, which actively campaigns to protect student activities from damaging the university's reputation. The University's Cheer Club annually organizes the Chula-Thammasat Traditional Football Match.

Symbols

Phra Kiao

Since the establishment of the Royal Pages School, the former name of the university, Chulalongkorn authorized the use of his personal emblem as school emblem.[15] The emblem is 'Phra Kiao', or Thai style coronet which is made to fit hair topknot. As the school was transformed into university, the King of Thailand authorized the use of Phra Kiao until nowadays. Today, Phra Kiao is used in formal letters, transcripts, souvenirs made by university and student uniforms.

Student Uniform

Undergraduate students are required to wear uniform as they are studying, taking examinations and contacting the university. For graduate students, collared or polo shirt and dark trousers are required for male students while plain blouse with properly long skirt are required for female students.

Originally, the university uniform was adapted from uniform worn by Chulalongkorn's heirs.[16] Later, the uniform was changed into more modernized version but original one is reserved as a formal uniform. Formal uniform is usually worn by student leaders and bachelor graduates.

Today, the normal uniform for male undergraduate students are plain white shirt with long or short sleeves and black (or dark blue) trousers. Dark blue necktie with colored Phra Kiao in its front is required for first year students but optional for higher years. However, black tie with silver Phra Kiao pin is usually used by higher year students in some faculties. For female students, they are required to wear short-sleeved blouse with fold along the spine. The buttons must be made of metal and Phra Kiao emblem must be pinned on right chest. The dark (slightly light) blue or black pleated skirt and any black, white, brown shoes that conceal heels are also required. For female first year students, white leather shoes are required.[17] Chulalongkorn University's uniform has long been template of uniforms used in other universities in Thailand.

Graduation Gown

There are also special graduation gown made of fine white net formed into long sleeved gown. Additional strip made by black, red or pink-colored cloth and decorated with gold-colored ribbon is added to the outer rim of the gown. For bachelor and master graduates, black strip is used. While for doctor graduates and faculty, red and pink are used respectively. Yellow rim is used specially for royals of Chakri Dynasty.

In addition, the colored thread or ribbon is added to the center of the strip longitudinally, according to graduated discipline. The gown was authorized for use by Vajiravudh.[18]

Rain Tree

Rain tree is very common on the university campus. It was deeply associated to the university since the past. Fresh green leaves in the beginning of the semester represent freshmen's enjoyment. As the tree produces slimy pods and sheds leaves, the below ground becomes dirty and slippery. As a simile, it is described as a warning to students to be ready for examination. When they walk carefully, they do not slip (able to pass examination). Whereas if they walk carelessly, they would slip and get injured (unable to pass examination).[19]

Around 1937–1957, many of rain trees were to be cut down to allocate the area for new buildings and enhance cleanliness. The King Bhumibol Adulyadej recognized the dramatic decrease of rain tree. Hence on January 15, 1962 the king planted his five trees that he brought from Hua Hin in front of the university auditorium and said "Hence I give these five trees as eternal memorial" (จึงขอฝากต้นไม้ไว้ห้าต้นให้เป็นเครื่องเตือนใจตลอดกาล).

Notes

  1. ^ Chulalongkorn University Registration Office data on students [1]. Last updated March 28, 2011.
  2. ^ History of Chulalongkorn University
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, พระบรมราชโองการประกาศตั้งโรงเรียนมหาดเล็ก. เล่ม ๑๙, ตอน ๑, ๖ เมษายน พ.ศ.๒๔๔๕, หน้า ๑๖ (Royal Order to establish Royal Page School)
  5. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, พระบรมราชโองการประกาศตั้งโรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือนฯ , เล่ม ๒๗, ตอน ก, ๑๑ มกราคม พ.ศ.๒๔๕๔, หน้า ๑๒๓ (Royal Order to establish the Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn)
  6. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, พระบรมราชโองการ ประกาศประดิษฐานโรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือนของพระบาทสมเด็จพระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัวขึ้นเป็นโรงเรียนข้าราชการพลเรือน, เล่ม ๒๗, ตอน ก, ๑๕ เมษายน พ.ศ.๒๔๖๐ (ประกาศเมื่อวันที่ ๒๖ มีนาคม พ.ศ.๒๔๖๐, หน้า ๑๒๓ (Royal Order to establish the Civil Service College of King Chulalongkorn.)
  7. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ประกาศจุฬาลงกรณ์มหาวิทยาลัย เรื่อง ส่วนงานของมหาวิทยาลัย พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๒, เล่ม ๑๒๗, ตอนพิเศษ ๑๖ ง, ๑ กุมภาพันธ์ พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๓, หน้า ๗๐ (University notification (rather command) on academic units)
  8. ^ www.law.chula.ac.th
  9. ^ Faculty of Education, Chulalongkorn University
  10. ^ Principles and history of establishing OCARE.
  11. ^ Chulalongkorn University World University Ranking
  12. ^ World University Ranking 2011
  13. ^ Narongrit Dhamabutra's website
  14. ^ Chulalongkorn University, Student Clubs
  15. ^ About Phra Kiao by Chulalongkorn Memorial Hall
  16. ^ History about CU uniform.
  17. ^ ราชกิจจานุเบกษา, ข้อบังคับจุฬาฯ ว่าด้วยเครื่องแบบ เครื่องหมาย และเครื่องแต่งกายนิสิต พ.ศ.๒๕๕๓, เล่ม ๑๒๗, ตอนพิเศษ ๕๒ ง, ๒๖ เมษายน พ.ศ.๒๕๕๓ (The university regulation on uniform and dress codes, 2010)
  18. ^ Graduation Gown of Chulalongkorn University
  19. ^ Rain Tree-The Symbol of Chulalongkorn University

See also

External links


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