Demographics of the Central African Republic

This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Central African Republic, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Central African Republic, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

There are more than 80 ethnic groups in the Central African Republic (CAR), each with its own language. About 50% are Baya-Mandjia, 40% Banda (largely located in the northern and central parts of the country), and 7% are M'Baka (southwestern corner of the CAR). Sangho, the language of a small group along the Oubangui River, is the national language spoken by the majority of Central Africans. Only a small part of the population has more than an elemental knowledge of French, the official language.

More than 55% of the population of the CAR lives in rural areas. The chief agricultural areas are around the Bossangoa and Bambari. Bangui, Berberati, Bangassou, and Bossangoa are the most densely populated urban centers.

Contents

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population

4,950,027
Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2011 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 41.9% (male 907,629/female 897,153)
15-64 years: 53.9% (male 1,146,346/female 1,173,268)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 71,312/female 107,648) (2006 est.)

Median age

Total: 19.2 years
Male: 18.8 years
Female: 19.6 years (2011 est.)

Population growth rate

2.146% (2011 est.)

Birth rate

36.46 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Death rate

15.01 deaths/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Net migration rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2011 est.)

Sex ratio

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Infant mortality rate

Total: 99.38 deaths/1,000 live births
Male:107.34 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 91.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 50.07 years
Male: 48.84 years
Female: 51.35 years (2011 est.)

Total fertility rate

4.63 children born/woman (2011 est.)
4.41 children born/woman (2006 est.)

HIV/AIDS

Adult prevalence rate: 4.7% (2009 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 130,000 (2009 est.)
Deaths: 11,000 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Degree of risk: very high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease: malaria
Respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
Water contact disease: schistosomiasis
Animal contact disease: rabies (2009)

Nationality

Noun: Central African(s)
Adjective: Central African

Ethnic groups

Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%; About 15,000 Europeans (mostly French) live in the CAR.

Religions

Christianity 80.3%, Islam 10.1%, Indigenous beliefs 9.6% (2003 census)[1]

Languages

French (official) see: French in Africa, Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages, Arabic

Literacy

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 51%
Male: 63.3%
Female: 39.9% (2003 est.)

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2006 edition".


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