Xerxes I of Persia

] , foretelling his invasion of Greece. The reference to "Darius the son of Ahasuerus" in ", in turn corresponding to Babylonian " _ak. Aḫšiyaršu".All of these names originate with Old Persian " _pe. Xšayāršā".

In the Book of Esther

For these same reasons and due to the historical context of the text, it is also commonly understood and translated that Esther's husband Ahasuerus is Xerxes the Great. [New International Version, The Message, Amplified Bible, New Living Translation, Contemporary English Version, New King James Version, New Century Version, New International Reader's Version, Today's New International Version, etc.] But the Greek Septuagint version of the Hebrew Bible identifies Esther's husband as Artaxerxes I (Longimanus), rather than Xerxes himself, ["Septuagint"; Esther 1:1,2,9...etc.; 2003 Hendrickson Publishers, ed. by Sir Lancelot C.L. Brenton; ISBN 0-913573-44-2] as does the Judeo-Roman historian Josephus. [Josephus, "Antiquities of the Jews" Book 11, Chap. 6, sec. 2; Whiston, William; "The Complete Works of Josephus"; Hendrickson Publishers, 1987; ISBN 0-913573-86-8.] Yet it is now thought that the translators of this portion of the Septuagint simply mistook Xerxes the Great for Artaxerxes I (Longimanus). [Sir Godfrey Driver, [http://www.bible-researcher.com/driver1.html Introduction to the Old Testament of the New English Bible] (1970)] [Wikipedia, "Septuagint, Creation of the Septiagint", 5 October 2008]


By queen Amestris
*Amytis, wife of Megabyzus
*Artaxerxes I
*Darius, the first born, murdered by Artaxerxes and Artabanus.
*Hystaspes, murdered by Artaxerxes.
*RodogyneBy unknown wives
*Artarius, satrap of Babylon.
*Ratashah [M. Brosius, "Women in ancient Persia".]

Cultural influence

* "The Persians", an Athenian tragedy written by Aeschylus in 472 BCE

* Baroque operas set to Nicolò Minato's libretto on the life of Xerxes I, derived from the Histories of Herodotus and subsequently adapted by Silvio Stampiglia and others:
**"Xerse" (1654), by Francesco Cavalli
** "Xerse" (1694), by Giovanni Battista Bononcini
** "Serse" (1738), by George Frideric Handel

ee also

* "Ahasuerus"


Further reading

* Herodotus, "The Persian Wars". Translated by George Rawlinson, Introduction by Francis R.B. Godolphin (1942 edition)
*A.T. Olmstead, 1948. "History of the Persian Empire" (University of Chicago Press) pp. 214ff.
*P. Briant, 2002. "From Cyrus to Alexander: A History of the Persian Empire".
* Farrokh, Kaveh (2007). "Shadows in the Desert: Ancient Persia at War". Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1846031087.

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  • Xerxes I — [zʉrk′sēz΄] 519? 465 B.C.; king of Persia (486 465): son of Darius I: called the Great …   English World dictionary

  • Xerxes I — /zerrk seez/ 519? 465 B.C., king of Persia 486? 465 (son of Darius I). * * * Persian Khshayarsha born с 519 BC died 465 BC, Persepolis Persian king (486–465 BC) of the Achaemenian dynasty. The son of Darius I, he had been governor of Babylon… …   Universalium

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  • Xerxes I — noun king of Persia who led a vast army against Greece and won the battle of Thermopylae but was eventually defeated (519 465 BC) • Syn: ↑Xerxes the Great • Instance Hypernyms: ↑king, ↑male monarch, ↑Rex …   Useful english dictionary

  • Xerxes I — (reigned 486–465 BC)    King of Persia and ruler of Egypt. Son of Darius I and Amestris, daughter of Cyrus. He is best known for his attempted invasion of Greece resulting in defeats at the battles of Salamis (480 BC) and Mycale (479 BC).… …   Ancient Egypt

  • Xerxes I — Xerx•es I [[t]ˌzɜrk siz[/t]] n. anh big 519?–465 b.c., king of Persia 486?–465 (son of Darius I) …   From formal English to slang

  • Xerxes I — /ˈzɜksiz/ (say zerkseez) noun c. 519–465 BC, king of Persia 486?–465, son of Darius I and Atossa …   Australian English dictionary

  • Xerxes I — biographical name circa 519 465 B.C. the Great king of Persia (486 465) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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