- No. 7 Squadron, Indian Air Force
Squadrons of the Indian Air Force
SqNo = 7 "Battle Axes"
base = AFS
motto_sans = Shatrunjay
motto_eng = Vanquish the enemy
month_date = December 1
year = 1942
Badge_descr = "
Battle of Imphal Burma Campaign
Kashmir operations 1948
Western air ops, 1965
No. 7 Squadron, Indian Air Force ("Battle Axes") operates as a CAS and
air superiorityunit. Based at GwaliorAFB, No.7 Squadron falls under the Central Air Command, and along with No. 1 Squadron ("Tigers"), No. 9 Squadron ("Wolf Pack") and No.11 Sqn ("Rhinos"), forms a part of the 40 wing of the IAF.
No. 7 Squadron Sqn has as its emblem two unfolded wings adorning a
Farsha(Battle-axe) and the symbolic number 7 attached to the shaft. Below this crest, on a scroll were the letters Shatrunjay (Close English Translation: Vanquisher of the enemy). This logo was officially approved by President on 26 September 1960, and has adorned aircraft that No. 7 Squadron has flown since.
No. 7 Squadron ("Battle Axes") was raised on
1 December 1942at Vizagequipped with Vultee Vengeance dive bombers. Sqn Ldr HN Chaudhary was the first Commanding Officerand the personnel were drawn from No. 104 General Reconnaissance and 353 Squadron of RAFplus No. 3 (Calcutta) and No. 6 (Vizagapatnam) Cost Defence Flight, under Air Headquarters formation, order 268 on 19 November 1942. However, initially, the squadron operated Westland Wapitis until it could be armed with the Vultees.The first missions flown by No. 7 Sqn was in Waziristanin the North West Frontier Provincein what is now Pakistanin December 1943. The squadron has since flown with distinction in a number of conflicts, including 1965, 1971 conflicts, 199 Kargil War.
The Squadron was to see extensive action during Second World War. In its first tour of duty between March and September 1944, No. 7 flew a six aircraft detachment against Japanese targets during the
Battle of Imphal, initially against Kenjion Chindwin, and later against Japanese supply lines and army convoys along the Tiddimroad. In December 1944, No. 7 Sqn moved to Peshawarand converted to the Hawker Hurricane. By March 1945, the unit was back in the Burma Front, flying from Imphal, and later, from Magwe Airfield. It would later move to Samungli in June 1945. In November 1945, the Squadron moved to Gwalior, where it converted to Spitfires.
For his contributions, the then CO, Sqn Ldr
P C Lal, would win the DFC.
Independence and Kashmir Operations 1947-48
At the time of the partition No. 7 was based at
Risalpur, having converted to the Tempest in June 1947. No.7 Squadron was one of the units allocated to India after the division of the Assets between the two new nations of India and Pakistan. After partition, the unit moved to Agraand was operational within two months of Independence.
The units first post-independence operations was in November 1947. In response to the tribal invasion of the Kashmir kingdom and subsequent accession by Maharaja Hari Singh, India flew in troops and stationed fighters at
Srinagar. Tempests of 7 Squadron flew from Ambalain support of Indian Ground troops in the decisive Battle of Shelatang, offensive missions against Uri, Kotliand Rawalkot. The first fatality suffered was on 1 December1947, when Fg Offr UA D'Cruz was shot down in his Harvard and taken prisoner. He was later awarded the Kirti Chakra(then Ashoka Chakra Cl. II) for his resilience in captivity. For his role in the initial days of operations, the CO Sqn Ldr Noronha was later awarded the Maha Vir Chakra. Flt Lt BS Dogra received the Vir Chakrafor his sorties during the Battle of Shalateng.
The Squadron redeployed at Palam on a permanent basis in February 1948. Missions over J&K from the Advanced Landing Ground at
Amritsar. These missions were flown in the Pooncharea and against Skarduairfield, as well as the Tithwal area. Wg Cdr Ranjan Dutt along with some pilots of 7 Sqn flew to attack the bridge at Domel. The squadron would suffer two fatalities, Fg Offr Balwant Singh and Fg Offr DG Baptiste to ground fire. In August 1948, the squadron set up base in Srinagar and provided support to the army operations near the Zoji Lapass. Gilgit airfield was bombed by Tempests on 4 November48. For its role, No. 7 Sqn would win five Vir Chakras. In January 1949,the Squadron moved to Palamwhere it was became the first unit in the IAF to operate the Vampire, which had arrived in November 1948. At that time the squadron was the first unit in the whole of Asia to operate Jet aircraft. The unit now operated one flight with three Vampires and the second flight with Tempests. After converting back to Spitfires in 1949, No. 7 converted to operating only the Vampires in 1951. During this time, No. 7 Sqn came to form the first aerobaticsteam.
The Vampires were phased out in January 1958, when the new
Hawker Hunters were inducted.
Although put on high alert during the
Sino-Indian warin 1962, the unit did not see any action in this conflict, mainly due to the government's decision to limit the air force's role to supply and evacuation.
Indo-Pak War 1965
At the onset of the war, the squadron was based at
HalwaraAFS. Already on a high alert, the unit flew its first offensive sorties on the morning of 6 September, against targets of opportunity. Through the day, the unit would fly twelve missions supporting the Indian Armyover the IB. The first fatality suffered was on the evening of the 6th, when a four ship formation was intercepted by PAF Sabres over Tarn Tarn. In the ensuing battle, Sqn Sqn Ldr AK Rawlley's aircraft hit the ground and exploded.
On the same evening, Halwara Airfield was raided by a three ship formation from PAF No. 5 Sqn. At the time of the raid, No. 7 had two aircraft, Fg Offr PS Pingale and Fg Offr AR Ghandhi, flying on CAP over the airfield. Both were bounced by the Sabres. In the battle that followed, Pingale was shot down before he could give battle. Gandhi, however, was able to shoot down his adversary [Hali S. M., PAF's First Shaheeds. "Defence Journal, Karachi. September 2000." http://www.defencejournal.com/2000/sept/shaheeds.htm URL Accessed on 12-Aug-06 ] before his aircraft fell to the cannon shells of the two remaining Sabres. At about this time, Hunters from No. 27 Sqn returning from a sortie were directed to join the battle, which shot down one of the attackers. The remaining sabre, although claimed as a kill by the IAF, was able to make it back to base [http://www.defencejournal.com/2000/sept/shaheeds.htm] .
The No. 7 was to suffer two more fatalities the next day, when on a dawn strike against PAF Sargodha, a five-ship formation was intercepted. Two of the unit, Sqn Ldr SB Bhagwat and Fg Offr JS Brar, were lost on that day. Hunters from No. 7 Sqn, however, provided ground support for the troops through the war, repeatedly hitting ground targets in support of the army offensives. It hit an ammunition train at Kasur on
8 September, and ground targets in the Lahorearea the next day. In a number of these missions, Hunters from different units flew together. On the night of 14 September, B-57 raid at Halwara destroyed two of the squadron's Hunters on the ground.
No. 7's next air-to-air kill was on
16 September, when Fg Offr PS Pingale shot down a F-86 Sabre over Tarn Tarn. His wingman Fg Offr Farokh Dara Bunsha from No. 20 Sqn was shot down and killed. Another aircraft fell on 20 September, when Fg Offr SK Sharma ejected from his badly damaged Hunter was over Kasur on 20 SeptemberSept 20. The unit however, lost Sqn Ldr DP Chatterjee, who had joined 7 Sqn on deputation from 20 Sqn was killed in the same battle.
Although the squadron's figures at the war are not impressive compared to what it would go on to achieve in six years, it remains true that it was seriously limited in its deep penetration strikes, operating ammunition-laden Hunters at maximum range in IAF's strike against bases as deep as PAF Sargodha [http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/IAF/History/1965War/Chapter4.html] , [http://www.thunder-and-lightnings.co.uk/hunter/history.html] .. However, No. 7 squadron- along with the other squadrons operating the Hunter- proved to be invaluable in ground-attack roles. In total, the Battleaxes flew 453 sorties (including 109 CAP) amounting to nearly 333 Hours, expending 218 rockets and 13000 lbs of bombs. In the course of the war, the squadron flew a total of 128 strike missions and 46 Combat Air Patrol sorties. Three pilots were killed along with another two on deputation from 20 Sqn. Nine aircraft were lost in the course of the war. For their contribution, No. 7 was awarded 4
VrCs (S Malik, AS Lamba, PS Pingale and AR Ghandhi) and five mentioned in dispatches.For its impressive record in the air as well as on ground, the squadron received commendations from the Prime Minister L B Shastri, the Defence Minister Shri YB Chavan and Chief of Air Staff, Air Chief Marshal Arjan Singh.
After the war No. 7 would move to Hindon AB in November 1965 and also took on the role of
Operational Conversion Unitwith the addition of a Hunter Trainer Flight. However, the unit was moved again in March 1969, this time to Bagdogra.
Bangladesh War, 1971
No. 7 is probably the only unit to have flown both in the Eastern and Western theaters during the war.Operations in 1971Eastern Operations (Main article:
East Pakistan Operations 1971)Immediately following preemptive PAF strikes on the western airfields, the first strikes were flown on the morning of 4 Decemberagainst targets in East Pakistan. Repeated strikes were carried out on airfields in Daccaas well as ground targets. One of these strikes destroyed the bridge over the River Teesta. The first fatalities were suffered when an attack on a train at Lal Munir Hat came up against fierce ack ack. Both of the two badly damaged Hunters eventually lost crossed the IB into friendly airspace. Fg Offr Andre Da Costa's Hunter went out of control and crashed, killing him. The Hunter leader, Sqn Ldr SK Gupta ejected safely over Baghdogra airfield. In total, No. 7 flew 40 sorties in the east before it was pulled out to the western theatre.
The unit flew to Hindon on
6 December. The next day a flight of eight Hunters deployed at Nal. The squadron provided close support to the troops, repeatedly hitting Pakistani targets. In one of the first missions against Pakistani Tanksin Ganganagar, a Hunter was lost to ground fire. The pilot, Wg Cdr Coelho, ejected over No Man's Land, but was taken prisoner before he could be found by Indian troops. Interdiction sorties were also flown against targets in the Suleimanke Headworks area. One of these missions on 9 December, flown by Fg Offr Diskhit, landed with the fuel gauges reading zero. Towards the end of the war, the squadron moved to Pathankot, where it stayed till the end of the war. The unit was awarded Three VrCs, and one Vayu sena Medal. Three other pilots were mentioned in dispatches.
After the end of the war, the unit moved to Nal, and then to Palam in 1972. Between 1973 and 1974, the unit started converting to the
Mig-21MF which was operated till 1980, when Mig-21M were brought in.
Conversion to the Mirage 2000 was carried out in June 1985, which are still operational. A detachment flying from
Srinagaroperated over Ladakhfrom middle of 1988.
In June 1987, during
Operation Poomalai, Four Mirage 2000s from No. 7, in anticipation of air opposition from the Sri Lankan Air Force, provided air-cover for the five An 32 detailed to airdrop food supplies over Jaffna.
The Battle Axes were called into action again on
3 November1988 during Operation Cactus, when India responded to a plea for help by the Maldivesgovernment following a military coup. While the Il-76s of No.44 Squadron flew in troops from the Para brigade into the capital Male, six Mirages operating from Trivandrummade several passes over the Islands in a show of force. Wg Cdr Vaidya led the first formation with Flt Lt R Nambiar over the Hululeairfield.
Kargil Operations in May 1999 - Op Safed Sagar
No. 7 squadron was back in action again in May 1999, called to assist the Army in the area North, North-East of Kargil during Operation Vijay. The Battle Axes at that time was under the command of Wg Cdr Sandeep Chabra. For the first time, the IAF had employed Precision guided munitions to strike the supply lines of the entrenched enemy.
After the failure of the first strikes by Jaguars , the task was assigned to the Mirages. Flying from
AdampurAFB, Mirages of the No. 1 Sqn, No.7 Sqn and No.9 Sqn struck Tigerhill, Muntho Dhalo[IAF intensifies strikesCapt, 4 others die in hand-to-hand combat. "The Tribune, India. Sunday, June 27, 1999". http://www.tribuneindia.com/1999/99jun27/head.htm URL accessed on 13-Aug-06 ] , Tololing. Along with the LGBs, 1000lbers were also used. On one particular sortie, a Mirage came upon a Pakistani Army Helicopter, but did not engage as it was in the moment of crossing back over the LoC.
Wg Cdr Chabra received the
Yudh Seva Medal(YSM). Wg Cdr R Nambiar, who was an experienced test pilot attached to 7 Squadron during the course of operations was awarded the Vayusena Medal (VM), having flown over 25 sorties during that period delivering PGMs in precision attacks. Sqn Ldr DB Patnaik, who flew on the strike against Tiger Hillalso received the VM. Sqn Ldr AS Heer, was awarded the VM, having shown considerable ingenuity to record the effects of the bomb-strikes. Sqn Ldr KI Ravi, who devised the adaptation of the 1000lb bombs to the Mirage was also the VM.
First Kashmir War
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
East Pakistan Operations 1971
Operation Safed Sagar
Indian Air Force
* [http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/IAF/History/Sqn/007.html No.7 Squadron, Indian Air Force (Bharat-Rakshak.com)]
* [http://indianairforce.nic.in Official website of the Indian Air Force]
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