Critical philosophy

Attributed to Immanuel Kant, the critical philosophy movement sees the primary task of philosophy as criticism rather than justification of knowledge; criticism, for Kant, meant judging as to the possibilities of knowledge before advancing to knowledge itself (from the Greek kritike (techne), or "art of judgment"). The initial, and perhaps even sole task of philosophers, according to this view, is not to establish and demonstrate theories about reality, but rather to subject all theories—including those about philosophy itself—to critical review, and measure their validity by how well they withstand criticism.

"Critical philosophy" is also used as just another name for Kant's philosophy itself. Kant said that philosophy's proper enquiry is not about what is out there in reality, but rather about the character and foundations of experience itself. We must first judge how human reason works, and within what limits, so that we can afterwards correctly apply it to sense experience and determine whether it can be applied at all to metaphysical objects.

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  • critical philosophy — noun : Kantianism especially with reference to the critical establishment of necessary presuppositions for knowledge * * * critical philosophy noun That of Kant which is based on a critical examination of the foundations of knowledge • • • Main… …   Useful english dictionary

  • critical philosophy — /ˌkrɪtɪkəl fəˈlɒsəfi/ (say .kritikuhl fuh losuhfee) noun the mature philosophy of Kant, based on a critical examination of the faculty of knowledge …   Australian English dictionary

  • critical philosophy — philosophical views of Emmanuel Kant (18th century German philosopher) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Philosophy of Immanuel Kant —     Philosophy of Immanuel Kant     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Philosophy of Immanuel Kant     Kant s philosophy is generally designated as a system of transcendental criticism tending towards Agnosticism in theology, and favouring the view that… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Critical Buddhism — is a trend in Japanese Buddhist scholarship, associated primarily with the works of Hakamaya Noriaki and Matsumoto Shirō. According to Lin Chen kuo, Hakamaya s view is that Critical Buddhism sees methodical, rational critique as belonging to the… …   Wikipedia

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  • Critical — Crit ic*al (kr[i^]t [i^]*kal), a. [See {Critic}, n., {Crisis}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Qualified to criticise, or pass judgment upon, literary or artistic productions. [1913 Webster] It is submitted to the judgment of more critical ears to direct and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Critical angle — Critical Crit ic*al (kr[i^]t [i^]*kal), a. [See {Critic}, n., {Crisis}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Qualified to criticise, or pass judgment upon, literary or artistic productions. [1913 Webster] It is submitted to the judgment of more critical ears to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • critical realism — Any doctrine reconciling the real, independent, objective nature of the world ( realism ) with a due appreciation of the mind dependence of the sensory experiences whereby we know about it (hence, critical). In critical, as opposed to naïve,… …   Philosophy dictionary

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