Tourettism


Tourettism

Tourettism refers to the presence of Tourette-like symptoms in the absence of Tourette syndrome, as the result of other diseases or conditions, known as "secondary causes".

Tourette syndrome (TS) is an inherited neurological condition of multiple motor and at least one vocal tic. Although Tourette syndrome is the most common cause of tic disorders, [Jankovic J, Mejia NI. Tics associated with other disorders. "Adv Neurol." 2006;99:61-8. PMID 16536352] other sporadic, genetic, and neurodegenerative disorders may also exhibit tics.Mejia NI, Jankovic J. Secondary tics and tourettism. "Rev Bras Psiquiatr". 2005;27(1):11-17. PMID 15867978 [http://web.archive.org/web/20070628191850/http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbp/v27n1/23707.pdf Full-text PDF] ]

Tic mimickers

*Chorea (disease)
*Myoclonus
*Dystonia
**Torsion dystonia
**Idiopathic dystonia

Genetic/chromosomal

*Chromosomal abnormalities
*Citrullinemia
*Down syndrome
*Duchenne muscular dystrophy
*Fragile X syndrome
*Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome
*Huntington's disease
*Klinefelter's syndrome
*Lesch-Nyhan syndrome
*Neuroacanthocytosis
*Neurodegeneration
*Phenylketonuria
*Schizophrenia
*Tuberous sclerosis
*Wilson disease
*XYY syndrome

Infectious or post-infectious

*Encephalitis
*Mycoplasma pneumoniae
*Sydenham's chorea

Developmental

*Pervasive developmental disorders
**Asperger's syndrome
**Autism spectrum disorders
**Rett syndrome
*Mental retardation
*Static encephalopathy
*Stereotypic movement disorder

Toxins/insults/acquired

*Carbon monoxide poisoning
*Cerebral palsy
*Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
*Fetal alcohol syndrome
*Head trauma
*Hypoglycemia
*Intrauterine exposure to illicit drugs
*Intrauterine infections
*Mercury
*Neurocutaneous syndromes
*Neurosyphilis
*Perinatal asphyxia
*Stroke
*Wasp venom

Drugs

*Levodopa (Dopar, Larodopa)
*Carbamazepine (Atretol, Epitol, Tegretol)
*Lamotrigine (Lamictal)
*Phenytoin (Dilantin)
*Phenobarbital
*Antipsychotics (e.g.; haloperidol) [Bharucha KJ, Sethi KD. "Tardive tourettism after exposure to neuroleptic therapy." "Mov Disord." 1995 Nov;10(6):791-3. PMID 8749999] [eMedicine article on Tardive dyskinesia [http://www.emedicine.com/NEURO/topic362.htm Full article] ]

ee also

Notes

References

*cite journal | author = Bagheri M, Kerbeshian J, Burd L | title = Recognition and management of Tourette's syndrome and tic disorders | journal = Am Fam Physician | volume = 59 | issue = 8 | pages = 2263–72, 2274 | year = 1999 | pmid = 10221310 [http://web.archive.org/web/20050331083858/http://www.aafp.org/afp/990415ap/2263.html Full text]
*Black, Kevin J. [http://www.emedicine.com/neuro/topic664.htm Tourette Syndrome and Other Tic Disorders.] "eMedicine.com" March 22, 2006.
*Evidente, GH. [http://www.postgradmed.com/issues/2000/10_00/evidente_tic.htm "Is it a tic or Tourette's? Clues for differentiating simple from more complex tic disorders."] "PostGraduate Medicine Online." October 2000 108:5.
*Jankovic J, Mejia NI. Tics associated with other disorders. "Adv Neurol." 2006;99:61-8. PMID 16536352
*Mejia NI, Jankovic J. Secondary tics and tourettism. "Rev Bras Psiquiatr". 2005;27(1):11-17. PMID 15867978 [http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbp/v27n1/23707.pdf Full-text PDF]
*eMedicine article on Tardive dyskinesia [http://www.emedicine.com/NEURO/topic362.htm Full article]

External links

Erer S, Jankovic J. "Adult onset tics after peripheral injury." "Parkinsonism Relat Disord." 2007 Feb 8; PMID 17292653


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tourette syndrome — Infobox Disease Name = Tourette syndrome Caption = Georges Gilles de la Tourette (1859–1904) ICD10 = F95.2 ICD9 = 307.23 ICDO = MedlinePlus = 000733 eMedicineSubj = med eMedicineTopic = 3107 eMedicine mult = eMedicine2|neuro|664 DiseasesDB = 5220 …   Wikipedia

  • Causes and origins of Tourette syndrome — have not been fully elucidated. Tourette syndrome (also called Tourette s syndrome , Tourette s disorder , Gilles de la Tourette syndrome , GTS or TS ) is an inherited neurological disorder with onset in childhood, characterized by the presence… …   Wikipedia

  • Tic — For other uses, see Tic (disambiguation). Tic Classification and external resources MeSH D020323 A tic is a sudden, repetitive, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movement or vocalization involving discrete muscle groups …   Wikipedia

  • Tic disorder — Classification and external resources ICD 10 F95 ICD 9 307.2 …   Wikipedia

  • Le syndrome Gilles de la Tourette — Maladie de Gilles de la Tourette Georges Gilles de la Tourette (1857–1904) La maladie de Gilles de la Tourette, aussi appelée syndrome de la Tourette, est une affection neurologique qui se traduit par les diverses manifestations suivantes, à des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maladie De Gilles De La Tourette — Georges Gilles de la Tourette (1857–1904) La maladie de Gilles de la Tourette, aussi appelée syndrome de la Tourette, est une affection neurologique qui se traduit par les diverses manifestations suivantes, à des degrés variables : troubles… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maladie de Gilles de La Tourette — Georges Gilles de la Tourette (1857–1904) La maladie de Gilles de la Tourette, aussi appelée syndrome de la Tourette, est une affection neurologique qui se traduit par les diverses manifestations suivantes, à des degrés variables : troubles… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maladie de Gilles de la Tourette — Classification et ressources externes Georges Gilles de la Tourette (1857–1904) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maladie de Tourette — Maladie de Gilles de la Tourette Georges Gilles de la Tourette (1857–1904) La maladie de Gilles de la Tourette, aussi appelée syndrome de la Tourette, est une affection neurologique qui se traduit par les diverses manifestations suivantes, à des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maladie de gilles de la tourette — Georges Gilles de la Tourette (1857–1904) La maladie de Gilles de la Tourette, aussi appelée syndrome de la Tourette, est une affection neurologique qui se traduit par les diverses manifestations suivantes, à des degrés variables : troubles… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.