Transport in Chad

Transport infrastructure within Chad is generally poor, especially in the north and east of the country. There are no railways and river transport is limited to the south-west corner.

Roads are mostly unsurfaced and are likely to be impassable during the wet season, especially in the southern half of the country. In the north, roads are merely tracks across the desert and land mines continue to present a danger. Draft animals (horses, donkeys and camels) remain important in much of the country.

Fuel supplies can be erratic, even in the south-west of the country, and are expensive. Elsewhere they are practically non-existent.

Adjacent countries

* Libya
* Sudan
* Central African Republic
* Cameroon
* Nigeria
* Niger

Highways

"total:"33,400 km

"paved:"Approximately 500 km. Some, but not all of the roads in N'Djamena are paved. The country has one paved road outside of N'Djamena, which runs from Massakory in the north, through N'Djamena and then south, through the cities of Guelendeng, Bongor, Kelo and Moundou, with a short spur leading in the direction of Kousseri, Cameroon, near N'Djamena. Expansion of the road towards Cameroon via Pala and Lere is reportedly in the preparatory stages.
"unpaved:"33,133 km (1999 est.)

Waterways

2,000 km navigable
"note": Chari and Logone Rivers are navigable only in wet season (2002). Both flow northwards, from the south of Chad, into Lake Chad.

Pipelines

Since 2003, a 1,070 km pipeline has been used to export crude oil from the oilfields around Doba to offshore oil-loading facilities on Cameroon's Atlantic coast at flagicon|Cameroon Kribi. [http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/COUNTRIES/AFRICAEXT/EXTREGINI/EXTCHADCAMPIPELINE/0,,contentMDK:20516071~menuPK:843292~pagePK:64168445~piPK:64168309~theSitePK:843238,00.html]

Seaports and harbors

None (landlocked)

Chad's main routes to the sea are:-

* From N'Djamena and the south west of Chad:
** By road to Ngaoundéré, in Cameroon, and then by rail to Douala
** By road to Maiduguri, in Nigeria, and then by rail to Port Harcourt
* From the north and east of Chad:
** By road across the Sahara desert to Libya

In colonial times, the main access was by road to Bangui, in the Central African Republic, then by river boat to Brazzaville, and onwards by rail from Brazzaville to Pointe Noire, on Congo's Atlantic coast. This route is now little used.

There is also a route across Sudan, to the Red Sea, but very little trade goes this way.

Links with Niger, north of Lake Chad, are practically nonexistent; it is easier to reach Niger via Cameroon and Nigeria.

Airports

59 (2003 est.)

Airports - with paved runways

"total:"6
"over 3,047 m:"2
"2,438 to 3,047 m:"3
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"1
"914 to 1,523 m:"1
"under 914 m:"0 (2003 est.)

List of airports with paved runways:
* Abeche
* Bol, Chad
* Faya-Largeau
* Mao
* Moundou
* N'Djamena

Airports - with unpaved runways

"total:"53
"1,524 to 2,437 m:"13
"914 to 1,523 m:"20
"under 914 m:"10 (2003 est.)

Maps

[http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/chad.pdf UNJLC map]

See also

* Chad
* Economy of Chad

External links

* [http://www.aircraft-charter-world.com/airports/africa/chad.htm List of airports in Chad]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Transport in Sudan — during the early 1990s included an extensive railroad system that served the more important populated areas except in the far south, a meager road network (very little of which consisted of all weather roads), a natural inland waterway mdash;the… …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in the Democratic Republic of the Congo — Diagrammatic Map of ground and water transport in the DR Congo in 2000 (roads) and 2006 (waterways and railways) Ground transport in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has always been difficult. The terrain and climate of the Congo Basin… …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in Morocco — Contents 1 Government policy 2 Railways 2.1 High speed Lines 2.2 Other new routes 2.3 …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in Tunisia — Tunisia has a number of international airports to service its sizable tourist trade. Tunis is the center of the transport system as the largest city having the largest port and a light transit system. Contents 1 Railways 1.1 Railway links to… …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in present-day nations and states — Transport or transportation is the movement of people and goods from one place to another. It is an important factor for every country, in order to maintain a strong economy, for military defense, and for access to and between a country s people …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in Moldova — In 1995, the main means of transportation in Moldova were railroads (1,138 kilometers) and a highway system (12,730 kilometers overall, including 10,973 kilometers of paved surfaces). The major railroad junctions are Chişinău, Bender, Ungheni,… …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in Cameroon — Railways Railways in Cameroon are operated by Camrail, a subsidiary of French investment group Bolloré. As of 1995, the country had an estimated 1,104 km of 1.000 m gauge track. In 2007, the traffic on the line was estimated to be 1MT per year… …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in Libya — Railways Libya has had no railway in operation since 1965, all previous narrow gauge systems having been dismantled. Current plans are to construct a 1.435 m standard gauge line from the Tunisian frontier to Tripoli and Misratah, then inland to… …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in Nigeria — [ CIA s The World Factbook )] Decaying infrastructure is one of the deficiencies that Nigeria’s National Economic Empowerment Development Strategy (NEEDS) seeks to address. The government has begun to repair the country’s poorly maintained road… …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in Djibouti — Railways total: 100 km (Djibouti segment of the Addis Ababa Djibouti railroad) narrow gauge: 100 km 1.000 m gauge note: Djibouti and Ethiopia planned to revitalize the century old railroad that links their capitals by 2003 Railway links to… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”