Cebidae

Taxobox
name = CebidaeMSW3 Groves|pages=129-139|id=12100178]



image_width = 250px
image_caption = White-headed Capuchin ("Cebus capucinus")
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Primates
subordo = Haplorrhini
infraordo = Simiiformes
parvordo = Platyrrhini
familia = Cebidae
familia_authority = Bonaparte, 1831
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "Callithrix" "Leontopithecus" "Saguinus" "Callimico" "Cebus" "Saimiri"

The Cebidae form one of the four families of New World monkeys now recognised. It includes the marmosets, tamarins, capuchin monkeys and squirrel monkeys. They are found throughout tropical and subtropical South and Central America.

Characteristics

Cebid monkeys are arboreal animals that only rarely travel on the ground. They are generally small monkeys, ranging in size from the Pygmy Marmoset, with a head-body length of 17 to 19 cm, and a weight of 120 to 190 grams, to the Brown Capuchin, with a body length of 33 to 56 cm, and a weight of 2.5 to 3.9 kilograms. They are somewhat variable in form and coloration, but all have the wide, flat, noses typical of New World Monkeys.

They are omnivorous, mostly eating fruit and insects, although the proportions of these foods vary greatly between species. They have the dental formula:dentition2|2.1.3.2-3|2.1.3.2-3

Females give birth to one or two young after a gestation period of between 130 and 170 days, depending on species. They are social animals, living in groups of between five and forty individuals, with the smaller species typically forming larger groups. They are generally diurnal in habit.cite book |editor=Macdonald, D.|author= Janson, C.H. & Rylands, A.B.|year=1984 |title= The Encyclopedia of Mammals|publisher= Facts on File|location=New York|pages= 342-361|isbn= 0-87196-871-1]

Classification

Previously, New World monkeys were divided between the Callitrichidae and this family, but modern classifications place the genera from Callitrichidae as a subfamily in Cebidae (named Callitrichinae), while moving other genera into the other families. As it is most widely recognised today, Cebidae includes six genera organised into three subfamilies, though one of these genera is currently purely formal in that it contains only a single species.

* Family Cebidae: marmosets, tamarins, capuchins and squirrel monkeys
** Subfamily Callitrichinae
*** Genus "Callithrix"
**** Black-headed Marmoset, "Callithrix (Mico) nigriceps"
**** Black-tailed Marmoset, "Callithrix (Mico) melanura"
**** Black-tufted Marmoset, "Callithrix (Callithrix) penicillata"
**** Buffy-headed Marmoset, "Callithrix (Callithrix) flaviceps"
**** Buffy-tufted Marmoset, "Callithrix (Callithrix) aurita"
**** Common Marmoset, "Callithrix (Callithrix) jacchus"
**** Emilia's Marmoset, "Callithrix (Mico) emiliae"
**** Gold-and-white Marmoset, "Callithrix (Mico) chrysoleuca"
**** Hershkovitz's Marmoset, "Callithrix (Mico) intermedia"
**** Manicore Marmoset, "Callithrix (Mico) manicorensis"
**** Marca's Marmoset, "Callithrix (Mico) marcai"
**** Maués Marmoset, "Callithrix (Mico) mauesi"
**** Pygmy Marmoset, "Callithrix (Cebuella) pygmaea"
**** Rio Acari Marmoset, "Callithrix (Mico) acariensis"
**** Roosmalens' Dwarf Marmoset, "Callithrix (Callibella) humilis"
**** Santarem Marmoset, "Callithrix (Mico) humeralifera"
**** Satéré Marmoset. "Callithrix (Mico) saterei"
**** Silvery Marmoset, "Callithrix (Mico) argentata"
**** White Marmoset, "Callithrix (Mico) leucippe"
**** White-headed Marmoset, "Callithrix (Callithrix) geoffroyi"
**** Wied's Marmoset, "Callithrix (Callithrix) kuhlii"
*** Genus "Leontopithecus"
**** Black Lion Tamarin, "Leontopithecus chrysopygus"
**** Golden Lion Tamarin, "Leontopithecus rosalia"
**** Golden-headed Lion Tamarin, "Leontopithecus chrysomelas"
**** Superagui Lion Tamarin, "Leontopithecus caissara"
*** Genus "Saguinus"
**** Black Tamarin, "Saguinus niger"
**** Black-mantled Tamarin, "Saguinus nigricollis"
**** Brown-mantled Tamarin, "Saguinus fuscicollis"
**** Cottontop Tamarin or Pinché Tamarin, "Saguinus oedipus"
**** Emperor Tamarin, "Saguinus imperator"
**** Geoffroy's Tamarin, "Saguinus geoffroyi"
**** Golden-mantled Tamarin, "Saguinus tripartitus"
**** Graells's Tamarin, "Saguinus graellsi"
**** Martins's Tamarin, "Saguinus martinsi"
**** Mottle-faced Tamarin, "Saguinus inustus"
**** Moustached Tamarin, "Saguinus mystax"
**** Pied Tamarin, "Saguinus bicolor"
**** Red-capped Tamarin, "Saguinus pileatus"
**** Red-handed Tamarin, "Saguinus midas"
**** White-footed Tamarin, "Saguinus leucopus"
**** White-lipped Tamarin, "Saguinus labiatus"
**** White-mantled Tamarin, "Saguinus melanoleucus"
*** Genus "Callimico"
**** Goeldi's Marmoset, "Callimico goeldii"
** Subfamily Cebinae
*** Genus "Cebus"
**** Black-striped Capuchin, "Cebus libidinosus"
**** Black Capuchin, "Cebus nigritus"
**** Golden-bellied Capuchin, "Cebus xanthosternos"
**** Kaapori Capuchin, "Cebus kaapori"
**** Tufted Capuchin, "Cebus apella"
**** White-headed Capuchin, "Cebus capucinus"
**** White-fronted Capuchin, "Cebus albifrons"
**** Weeper Capuchin, "Cebus olivaceus"
**** Blond Capuchin, "Cebus queirozi"
** Subfamily Saimiriinae
*** Genus "Saimiri"
**** Bare-eared Squirrel Monkey, "Saimiri ustus"
**** Black Squirrel Monkey, "Saimiri vanzolini"
**** Black-capped Squirrel Monkey, "Saimiri boliviensis"
**** Central American Squirrel Monkey, "Saimiri oerstedi"
**** Common Squirrel Monkey, "Saimiri sciureus"

Extinct taxa

*Subfamily Cebinae
**Genus "Acrecebus"
***"Acrecebus fraileyi"
**Genus "Dolichocebus"
***"Dolichocebus gaimanensis"
**Genus "Chilecebus"
***"Chilecebus carrascoensis"
**Genus "Neosaimiri"
***"Neosaimiri fieldsi"
**Genus "Laventiana"
***"Laventiana annectens"

References


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