Touch typing

Touch typing

Touch typing is typing without using the sense of sight to find the keys. Specifically, a touch typist will know their location through muscle memory. Touch typing usuallyWW places the eight fingers in a horizontal row along the middle of the keyboard (the home row) and has them reach for other keys. Most computer keyboards have a raised dot or bar on either the F/J keys or the D/K keys (or the keys in the same position, for non-QWERTY keyboards) so that touch-typists can feel them when their fingertips are over the correct home row.

History

Frank Edward McGurrin, a court stenographer from Salt Lake City who taught typing classes, reputedly invented touch typing.

On July 25, 1888, McGurrin, who was reportedly the only person using touch typing at the time, won a decisive victory over Louis Traub (operating Caligraph with eight-finger method) in a typing contest held in Cincinnati. The results were displayed on the front pages of many newspapersFact|date=February 2008. McGurrin won $500 ($11,400 in 2007) and popularized the new typing method.

Whether McGurrin was actually the first person to touch type, or simply the first to be popularly noticed, is disputed. Speeds attained by other typists in other typing competitions at the time suggest that they must have been using similar systems [Citation |last1=Liebowitz|first1=Stan|last2=Margolis|first2=Stephen E.|url=http://www.reason.com/news/show/29944.html |title= Typing Errors |magazine=Reason |date=1996-06|accessdate=2007-02-14 | year=1996] .

The most common other form of typing is "hunt and peck" (or "two-fingered" typing) which is slower than touch typing because, instead of relying on the memorized position of keys, the typist is required to find each key by sight and move fingers a greater distance. Many idiosyncratic styles in between those two exist – for example many people will type blindly, but using only two to five fingers and not always in a systematic way.

Some of the suggested ways of improving typing speeds in touch typing are:
* Ensuring a correct posture
* Exerting only the correct amount of force required (i.e. not to bang on the keys)
* Taking frequent breaks to relax and improve accuracy

Touch typing training

Touch typing can efficiently bring an average speed typist to 60 WPM fairly quickly and at the same time increase accuracy by great amounts. Upon learning to touch type comfortable typing speed is expected to be achieved within a week, and full speed within a month by regular daily practice. Many free websites and free software provide easily accessed typing tutors.

Modifications of the touch typing system

In some countries a slightly different system is taught. The left little finger is used for the keys ´ 1 2, the ring finger for 3, the middle - 4, the left index finger is responsible for 5 and 6. On the right side of the keyboard: index - 7 and 8, middle - 9, ring - 0 and the little - all other keys on the right side of the upper row. This modification is important in connection with the ergonomic keyboard, which is split into two parts.

Some specialized high-end computer keyboards are designed for touch typists. For example, Das Keyboard provides blank mechanical keyboards. A trained touch typist should not mind using a blank keyboard. This kind of keyboard may force hunt and peck users to type without looking.

ee also

* Das Keyboard, a mechanical blank keyboard designed to enable touch-typing.
* Dvorak Simplified Keyboard, an alternative English keyboard layout, optimised for speed
* Keyboard layouts
* Mavis Beacon Teaches Typing program for teaching touch typing
* Muscle memory
* The Typing of the Dead (a horror game based on typing)
* typespeed (a multi-player typing game)
* Tux Typing Tutor
* TypingWeb web based typing tutor

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • touch-typing — touchˈ typing noun • • • Main Entry: ↑touch …   Useful english dictionary

  • touch typing — aklasis teksto rinkimas statusas T sritis informatika apibrėžtis Teksto rinkimas nežiūrint į ↑klaviatūrą. Renkama visais abiejų rankų pirštais. Kiekvienas klavišas turi jam spausti skirtą pirštą. Kiekvienas pirštas, išskyrus nykščius, turi… …   Enciklopedinis kompiuterijos žodynas

  • touch typing — typing without looking at the keyboard …   English contemporary dictionary

  • touch-typing — noun A technique of using the keyboard of a computer or typewriter in which the typist operates the keys without needing to look at the keyboard, knowing by heart the keys being allocated to each finger and the space bar to the thumb. Ant: hunt… …   Wiktionary

  • touch typing — noun typewriting in which the fingers are trained to hit particular keys; typist can read and type at the same time • Syn: ↑touch system • Hypernyms: ↑typing, ↑typewriting …   Useful english dictionary

  • touch typing — noun Typing without the use of sight to identify the keyboard keys …   Wiktionary

  • touch-typing — noun type using all of one s fingers and without looking at the keys. → touch type …   English new terms dictionary

  • touch-type — ☆ touch type [tuch′tīp΄ ] vi. touch typed, touch typing to type by means of the touch system touch typist n …   English World dictionary

  • touch-type — touch typist, n. /tuch tuyp /, v.i., touch typed, touch typing. to type by means of the touch system. [1940 45, Amer.] * * * …   Universalium

  • Typing — notebook keyboardTyping is the process of inputting text into a device, such as a typewriter, computer, or a calculator, by pressing keys on a keyboard. It can be distinguished from other means of input, such as the use of pointing devices like… …   Wikipedia


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