150 personae non gratae of Turkey

After the Turkish War of Independence (1919 - 1923), the newly established Republic of Turkey presented a list of 600 names to the Conference of Lausanne, which were to be declared "personae non gratae". Later, a list comprising only 150 of these, put into effect by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey on April 23, 1924 (revised on June 1, 1924), was included in the Treaty of Lausanne. The list (known as "Yüzellilikler" in Turkish, literally, "Hundredandfiftyers"), which is a who's who of the Ottoman Empire, had the purpose of eliminating the ruling elite of Ottomans from the Republic.

The list is famous as it became the center of discussions of the nature of the new Republic: mainly, whether the Republic was to remain a continuation of the old Empire or not. The list has served as a proof that the administration and ideologists of the Empire were not transferred to Republic. The formation of this list is also related to studies analyzing the jurisdictional conflict between the Grand National Assembly of Turkey and Ottoman Empire. It has to be remembered that these powers were fighting each other for their existence, as they were both active (using diplomatic and military means) until the Conference of Lausanne

On June 28, 1938 the law restricting the entry of these people into Turkey was lifted, with the return of only a few on the list. The list with 150 names is as follows (the titles given in Ottoman Turkish). The longer list of 600 names was never made public:

ee also

References

* Ilhami Soysal (1985), Yüzellilikler, Istanbul: Gür
* Kâmil Erdeha, Article "Yüzellilikler", in Sosyalist Kültür Ansiklopedisi, vol. 8, pp. 1336-1341, Istanbul: May (1980


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