Lloyd's building

The Lloyd's Building is the home of the insurance institution Lloyd's of London, and is located at One Lime Street, in the City of London, England.

It was designed by architect Richard Rogers and built between 1978 and 1986. Bovis were the management contractor for the scheme. [ [http://www.hb2.tuwien.ac.at/dbase/ddb/ddb_architect_project_list.php?id=124&mid=247 Construction chronology] ] Like the Pompidou Centre (designed by Renzo Piano and Rogers), the building was innovative in having its services such as staircases, lifts, electrical power conduits and water pipes on the outside, leaving an uncluttered space inside. The twelve glass lifts were the first of their kind in the UK.

The building consists of three main towers and three service towers around a central, rectangular space. Its focal point is the large Underwriting Room on the ground floor, which houses the famous Lutine Bell. The Underwriting Room (often simply known as 'the Room') is overlooked by galleries, forming a convert|60|m|ft|0 high atrium lit naturally through a huge barrel-vaulted glass roof. The first four galleries open onto the atrium space, and are connected by escalators through the middle of the structure. The higher floors are glassed-in, and can only be reached via the outside lifts.

The 11th floor houses the Committee Room, an 18th century dining-room designed for the 2nd Earl of Shelburne by Robert Adam in 1763: it was transferred piece-by-piece from the previous (1958) Lloyd's building across the road.

The first Lloyd's building (12 Leadenhall Street) was built on this site in 1928. In 1958, due to expansion, a second new building was constructed across the road at 51 Lime Street. In 1978, again due to the prospect of overcrowding, Lloyd's commissioned Richard Rogers to redevelop the site and the original 1928 building was demolished to make way for the present one which was opened by Queen Elizabeth in 1986. However, its main entrance at 12 Leadenhall Street was preserved, and forms a rather incongruous attachment to the 1986 structure. Demolition of the 1958 building commenced in 2004 to make way for the Willis Building, a new 26 storey tower and 10 storey building at 51 Lime Street.

The Lloyd's Building is convert|88|m|ft|0 to the roof, with 14 floors. [ [http://www.skyscrapernews.com/buildings.php?id=642&idi=Lloyds+Building&data=all Skyscrapernews] ] Above it stand the construction cranes that have been kept in place as decoration pushing the height to convert|95.10|m|ft|0. Modular in plan, each floor can be altered with the addition or removal of partitions and walls.

In 2008, The Twentieth Century Society called for the building to be Grade I listed. [cite news
last = Thompson
first = Max
title = Call for 'urgent' Grade-I listing of Lloyd's Building
publisher = The Architects' Journal
date = 24 January 2008
url = http://www.architectsjournal.co.uk/news/dailynews/2008/01/call_for_urgent_gradei_listing_of_lloyds_building.html
]

The building is owned by Dublin-based real estate firm Shelbourne Development group, who purchased the building in 2004 from a German investment bank. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D07EFDF1730F933A25752C0A9629C8B63 New York Times] , Page accessed 9 October 2006]

It has been featured in films, such as "Entrapment". It is also seen on the cover of British pop group Five Star's 1986 album Silk And Steel, and Hundred Reasons debut album Ideas Above Our Station.

Gallery

References

ee also

*51 Lime Street - a new tower opposite Lloyds
*30 St Mary Axe - Norman Foster's skyscraper which stands nearby (the "Gherkin")
*122 Leadenhall Street - a skyscraper designed by the same architect that will stand next door
*Tall buildings in London - a list of tall buildings in the capital

External links

* [http://www.galinsky.com/buildings/lloyds/index.htm Galinsky: Lloyd's building]
* [http://www.lloyds.com/About_Us/The_Lloyds_building/ Lloyd's official website]
* [http://www.0lll.com/lud/pages/architecture/archgallery/rogers_lloyds/index.htm 0lll Architecture Gallery: Lloyd's building (images)]


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