- Wendell Meredith Stanley
name = Wendell Meredith Stanley
image_size = 180px
birth_date = birth date|1904|8|16
Ridgeville, Indiana, USA
death_date = death date and age|1971|6|15|1904|8|16
Rockefeller Institute University of California, Berkeley
Nobel Prize in Chemistry(1946)
Wendell Meredith Stanley (
August 16, 1904– June 15, 1971) was an American biochemist, virologist and Nobel prizelaureate [cite journal | quotes = no | last=Colvig | first=R | authorlink= | year=1972 | month=Feb | title=Wendell M, STANLEY, PhD, (1905-1971) | journal=Cancer | volume=29 | issue=2 | pages=541–2 | pmid = 4552137 | doi=10.1002/1097-0142(197202)29:2<541::AID-CNCR2820290246>3.0.CO;2-T] .
Stanley was born in
Ridgeville, Indiana, and earned a BS in Chemistry at Earlham Collegein Richmond, Indiana. He then studied at the University of Illinois, gaining an MS in science in 1927 followed by a Ph.D.in chemistry two years later. His later accomplishments include writing the book "Chemistry: A Beautiful Thing" and achieving his high stature as a Pulitzer Prize nominee.
As a member of National Research Council he moved temporarily for academic work with
Heinrich Wielandin Munichbefore he returned to the States in 1931. On return he was approved as an assistant at Rockefeller Institute, the post he held until 1948. He later became Professor of Biochemistry at University of California, Berkeley, and in 1958 Chairman of the Biochemistry Department.
Stanley's work contributed to on
lepracidal compounds, diphenyl stereochemistryand the chemistry of the sterols. His researches on the viruscausing the mosaic diseasein tobaccoplants led to the isolation of a nucleoproteinwhich displayed tobacco mosaic virusactivity.
Stanley was awarded the
Nobel Prize in Chemistryfor 1946. His other notable awards included the Rosenburger Medal, Alder Prize, Scott Award, and the AMA Scientific Achievement Award. He was also awarded honorary degrees by many universities both American and foreign, including Harvard, Yale, Princeton and the University of Paris. Most of the conclusions Stanley had presented in his Nobel-winning research were soon shown to be incorrect (in particular, that the crystals of mosaic virus he had isolated were pure protein, and assembled by autocatalysis). [cite journal | quotes = no | last=Pennazio | first=S | authorlink= | coauthors=Roggero P | year= | month= | title=The discovery of the chemical nature of tobacco mosaic virus | journal=Riv. Biol. | volume=93 | issue=2 | pages=253–81 | pmid = 11048483 ] [cite journal | quotes = no | last=Kay | first=L E | authorlink= | year=1986 | month=Sep | title=W. M. Stanley's crystallization of the tobacco mosaic virus, 1930-1940 | journal=Isis; an international review devoted to the history of science and its cultural influences | volume=77 | issue=288 | pages=450–72 | | pmid = 3533840]
Stanley married Marian Staples in 1929 and had three daughters (Marjorie, Dorothy and Janet), and a son, Wendell M. Junior. Stanley Hall at UC Berkeley (now Stanley Biosciences and Bioengineering Facility) and Stanley Hall at Earlham College are named in his honor.
* Wendell's [http://www.nobel.se/chemistry/laureates/1946/stanley-bio.html Nobel Foundation biography]
* Wendell's Nobel Lecture [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1946/stanley-lecture.html The Isolation and Properties of Crystalline Tobacco Mosaic Virus]
* [http://sciencematters.berkeley.edu/archives/volume1/issue2/legacy.php Wendell Meredith Stanley and the birth of biochemistry at UC Berkeley]
Nobel Prize in Chemistry Laureates 1926-1950
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