Belgorod

Belgorod ( _ru. Бе́лгород) is a city in western Russia, situated on the Seversky Donets river just 40 km north from the Ukrainian border, at coord|50|37|N|36|35|E|. It is the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast. Population: 337,030 (2002 Census). Belgorod is served by Belgorod International Airport (EGO)

History

The name "Belgorod" is the Slavic for "White City", the region being rich in limestone. The settlement was first mentioned in 1237, when it was ravaged by the hordes of Batu Khan. In 1596 it was refounded by the order of Boris Godunov as one of numerous forts set up to defend Southern borders from the Crimean Tatars.

After the Russian border was moved further south, the fortress fell in disrepair and the town was assigned to the Government of Kursk. Peter the Great visited it on the eve of the Battle of Poltava, and a dragoon regiment was stationed in the town until 1917.

During the great Battle of Kursk, the village of Prokhorovka in Belgorod Oblast was a stage of the largest tank battle in the world history (July 12, 1943). The renowned World War II monuments include the Belgorod Diorama and a huge cathedral in Prokhorovka among others.

Belgorod is an administrative, industrial and cultural center of Belgorod Oblast, established in 1954. The major educational centeres of the City are Belgorod State University, Technological University, Agricultural Academy, Financial Academy.

Belgorod Drama Theater is named after one of the famous 19th-century actors Mikhail Shchepkin who was born in this region.

Famous people

*Ms.Svetlana Khorkina, a two time Olympic champion gymnast was born in Belgorod on January 19 1979. A statue of Ms.Khorkina is displayed in front of the Sports Center that has been built in her honor.
*Natalia Vladimirovna Zuyeva (Russian: Наталья Владимировна Зуева) (born October 10, 1988, in Belgorod, Soviet Union) is a Russian gymnast and Olympic champion.

City okrugs

Belgorod is divided into two city okrugs (districts):
*Vostochny, population: 141,709 (2002 Census);
*Zapadny, population: 195,321 (2002 Census)

Buildings and structures

* Incomplete TV Tower [http://belgmon.webm.ru/photo/2003_1.jpg]
* Belgorod State University [http://www.bsu.edu.ru]

ister cities

*flagicon|England Wakefield, England
*flagicon|Germany Herne, Germany
*flagicon|Poland Opole, Poland

External links

*ru icon [http://bstu.ru/ Official website of Belgorod Shukhov State Technological University]


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  • Belgorod — Original name in latin Belgorod Name in other language Belgorod, Belgoroda, Belgorodas, Belgorodo, Belnkoront, Belogradum, Bielgorod, Biegorod, Bilhorod Dnistrovskyi, Blgorod, Blgorod, EGO, Gorad Belgarad, belgolodeu, berugorodo, bie er ge luo de …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Belgorod — noun A city in Russia, administrative centre of Belgorod oblast …   Wiktionary

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