Belgorod ( _ru. Бе́лгород) is a city in western
Russia, situated on the Seversky Donetsriver just 40 km north from the Ukrainian border, at coord|50|37|N|36|35|E|. It is the administrative center of Belgorod Oblast. Population: 337,030 (2002 Census). Belgorod is served by Belgorod International Airport(EGO)
The name "Belgorod" is the Slavic for "White City", the region being rich in
limestone. The settlement was first mentioned in 1237, when it was ravaged by the hordes of Batu Khan. In 1596 it was refounded by the order of Boris Godunovas one of numerous forts set up to defend Southern borders from the Crimean Tatars.
After the Russian border was moved further south, the fortress fell in disrepair and the town was assigned to the Government of
Kursk. Peter the Great visited it on the eve of the Battle of Poltava, and a dragoonregiment was stationed in the town until 1917.
During the great
Battle of Kursk, the village of Prokhorovkain Belgorod Oblastwas a stage of the largest tankbattle in the world history ( July 12, 1943). The renowned World War IImonuments include the Belgorod Diorama and a huge cathedral in Prokhorovka among others.
Belgorod is an administrative, industrial and cultural center of
Belgorod Oblast, established in 1954. The major educational centeres of the City are Belgorod State University, Technological University, Agricultural Academy, Financial Academy.
Belgorod Drama Theater is named after one of the famous 19th-century actors
Mikhail Shchepkinwho was born in this region.
Svetlana Khorkina, a two time Olympic championgymnast was born in Belgorod on January 19 1979. A statue of Ms.Khorkina is displayed in front of the Sports Center that has been built in her honor.
*Natalia Vladimirovna Zuyeva (Russian: Наталья Владимировна Зуева) (born October 10, 1988, in Belgorod, Soviet Union) is a Russian gymnast and Olympic champion.
Belgorod is divided into two city
*Vostochny, population: 141,709 (2002 Census);
*Zapadny, population: 195,321 (2002 Census)
Buildings and structures
* Incomplete TV Tower [http://belgmon.webm.ru/photo/2003_1.jpg]
* Belgorod State University [http://www.bsu.edu.ru]
*ru icon [http://bstu.ru/ Official website of Belgorod Shukhov State Technological University]
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