Bodmin Moor

Bodmin Moor

Bodmin Moor (Cornish: Goen Bren [http://homepage.univie.ac.at/albert.bock/files/placenames.pdf] ) is a granite moorland in northeastern Cornwall, UK, 208 km² (80 sq mile) in size, dating from the Carboniferous period of geological history.

The name "Bodmin Moor" is relatively recent, being an Ordnance Survey invention of 1813. It was formerly known as "Fowey Moor", after the river which rises here. [ [http://www.cornwalltour.co.uk/bodmin_moor.html Conwall Tour - An illustrated guide to Cornwall - Bodmin Moor ] ]

Dramatic granite tors rise from the rolling moorland Brown Willy being the highest point in Cornwall at 417m (1368 ft) [ [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/Cornwall/ GENUKI: Cornwall ] ] and Rough Tor at 400m (1313 ft).

On the southern slopes of the moor lies Dozmary Pool, where, according to Arthurian legend, Sir Bedivere threw Excalibur to The Lady of the Lake. It is Cornwall's only natural inland lake and is glacial in origin. [Cornish Archaeology No 34 1995]

The Moor contains about 500 holdings with around 10,000 Beef Cows, 55,000 Breeding Ewes and 1,000 Horses and Ponies. [ [http://www.bodminmoor.co.uk/history.html The Bodmin Moor Pages ~ The History ] ] Most of the moor is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)and has been officially designated an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), as part of Cornwall AONB. [http://www.cornwall-aonb.gov.uk/documents/12_bodmin_character.pdf]

Rivers

The moor is the source of a number of the county's main rivers. The River Fowey rises at a height of 290m and flows through Lostwithiel and into the Fowey estuary. [ [http://www.cornwallriversproject.org.uk/geography/fowey.htm Cornwall Rivers Project | Geography | Fowey and Lerryn ] ] The River Camel rises on Hendraburnick Down and flows for approximately 40km (25 miles) before joining the sea at Padstow. [ [http://www.cornwallriversproject.org.uk/geography/camel.htm Cornwall Rivers Project | Geography | Camel and Allen ] ] The River Camel and De Lank are an important habitat for the otter and both have been proposed as a Special Area of Conservation (SAC) [ [http://www.bodminmoor.co.uk/rivers.html The Rivers of Bodmin Moor - The Bodmin Moor Pages ] ]
Colliford Lake and Siblyback Lake reservoirs supply water for a large part of the county's population.

History

10,000 years ago Mesolithic hunter-gatherers wandered the moor when it was wooded and had a temperate climate. During the Neolithic era, from about 4,500 to 2,300 BC, people began clearing trees and farming the land. More than 200 Bronze Age settlements with enclosures and field patterns have been recorded. [ [http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/T/timeteam/2007_bod_t.html channel4.com - Time Team - Bodmin Moor, Cornwall - text only ] ] and many prehistoric stone barrows and circles lie scattered across the moor.

King Arthur's Hall thought to be a late Neolithic or early Bronze Age ceremonial site can be found to the east of St Breward on the moor. [ [http://www.whitedragon.org.uk/articles/secretcornwall.htm Secret cornwall - Bodmin moor and its environs ] ]

In 1844 on Bodmin Moor the body of 18 year old Charlotte Dymond was discovered. Local labourer Matthew Weeks was accused of the murder and at noon on 12th August 1844 he was led from Bodmin Gaol and hanged. The murder site now has a momument erected from public money and the grave is at Davidstow churchyard. [ [http://www.parmaq.com/truecrime/CharlotteDymond.htm The Murder of Charlotte Dymond] ]

ee also

*Beast of Bodmin
*Geology of the United Kingdom
*List of topics related to Cornwall
*Brown Willy effect

References

* Weatherhill, Craig "Cornish Placenames and Language"

External links

* [http://www.cornwalltour.co.uk/bodmin_moor.html Illustrated Guide to Bodmin Moor]
* [http://www.cornwall365.co.uk/cornwall/places,12,Bodmin-Moor.html Photos of Bodmin Moor]
* [http://www.countryside.gov.uk/LivingLandscapes/finest_countryside/aonbs/aonb_cornwall.asp Cornwall AONB]
* [http://www.marhamchurch.eu/Cornwall_picture_5.htm Photos of Roughtor and Cheesewring]


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