The Tower of Babel (Brueghel)

Infobox Painting|

title=The Tower of Babel
artist=Pieter Brueghel the Elder
year=c. 1563
type=oil on panel
museum=Kunsthistorisches Museum

"The Tower of Babel" is an oil painting by Pieter Brueghel the Elder. Its subject is the construction of the Tower of Babel, which according to the Bible was a tower built by humanity to reach heaven.

Brueghel's depiction of the architecture of the tower, with its numerous arches and other examples of Roman engineering, is deliberately reminiscent of the Roman Colosseum, which Christians of the time saw as both a symbol of hubris and of persecution.

Interestingly, Brueghel's painting seems to attribute the ultimate failure of the Tower to engineering difficulties rather than to sudden, divinely-caused linguistic differences. Although at first glance the tower appears to be stable series of concentric pillars, upon closer examination it is apparent that none of the layers lie at a true horizontal; rather, the tower is built as an ascending spiral. However, the workers in the painting have built the arches perpendicular to the slanted ground, thereby making them unstable, and a few arches can already be seen crumbling. More troubling perhaps is the fact that the foundation and bottom layers of the tower had not been completed before the higher layers were constructed.

The painting was meant to demonstrate the dangers of human pride and perhaps the failure of Classical rationality in the face of the divine. Also, it is an allegory to the Habsburgs' proud international Empire, based on a unified creed, with bankers, ministers, churchmen and military men, and sycophant humanist thinkers tamed to such project.

Infobox Painting|

title=The "little" Tower of Babel
artist=Pieter Brueghel the Elder
year=c. 1563
type=oil on panel
museum=Museum Boymans-van Beuningen

"The Tower of Babel" is on display at the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.Another painting of the same subject, "The "Little" Tower of Babel", c. 1563, is in the Museum Boymans-van Beuningen in Rotterdam.

ee also

*Tower of Babel

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