- A10 road (England)
UK road routebox
direction= South - North
City of London
Enfield Hertford Cambridge Newmarket Ely Downham Market
:"Cambridge Road redirects here. For other roads with the same name, see
Cambridge Road (disambiguation)"
The A10 (in certain sections known as "Great Cambridge Road" or Old North Road) is a major
roadin England. Its southern end is at London Bridgein the City of London, and its northern end is the Norfolk port townof King's Lynn. From London to Roystonit mostly follows the line of Roman Ermine Street.
City of London, the route of the A10 comprises King William Street, Gracechurch Street, Bishopsgateand Norton Folgate. It then becomes Shoreditch High Street, Kingsland Roadand Kingsland High Streetand runs through Stoke Newingtonas Stoke Newington High Streetuntil Tottenham, where a gyratorysystem is in place.
North of Tottenham, the A10 leaves its historical route of "Tottenham High Road"/"Hertford Road" (now A1010) to join the Great Cambridge Road via "Bruce Grove" and "The Roundway". The Roundway is the southern end of a long
dual carriagewaysection of the A10, which extends to just south of Buntingford. This dual carriageway section passes through the fringes of Enfieldbefore crossing the M25 motorway(junction 25) at Waltham Cross.
Until the late 1970s, the Great Cambridge Road passed through the towns of
Broxbourne, Hoddesdonand Ware(along what is now the A1170 road). Since then, an all-purpose road [An all-purpose road is a highway built to Motorwayspecifications, but without the same vehicle restrictions in place] – which diverges off the original dual carriageway at Cheshunt– bypasses these towns. The Kingsmead Viaducttakes the A10 over the Lea Valley between Hertfordand Ware and the Hertford East Branch Linerailway.
North of Ware, a further by-pass scheme was opened in late 2004, taking the A10 around the
Hertfordshirevillages of Wadesmill, Thundridge, High Cross, and Collier's End.Fact|date=May 2008 The bypass would have opened sooner, but the lime-stabilised subsoil heaved and cracks opened up in the road surface. A substantial portion of the road surface had to be relaid.Fact|date=May 2008
Further north, there is another section of 1970s dual carriageway road between
Puckeridgeand Buntingford. Buntingfordwas by-passed in the 1980s, however this is only single carriageway.
Once in Cambridgeshire, the topography changes from undulating hills to flat agricultural and fenlands, round the villages of
Melbournand Foxton (the road going over a level crossingadjacent to Foxton railway station), through Harstonand up to the M11 motorway(J11) at Cambridge. A10 traffic is signposted to travel north on the M11, skirting round the top of Cambridge on the A14; however, the former course of the A10 turns into the A1309 and heads for the city centre.
The A10 reappears to the north of Cambridge at the Milton Interchange of the A14 and heads north, bypassing
Elyand Downham Marketbefore reaching the coast at King's Lynnin Norfolk. Its northern section runs up the valleyof the River Great Ouse.
Parts of the section from London to Royston follow the route of the Roman
Where the A10 bisects
Cheshuntas an urban dual carriageway, it is prone to traffic congestion, in particular because of the many junctions with local roads. In the early 1990s properties beside the road were compulsorily purchased for a relief scheme that involved sinking the road below ground level through Cheshunt and converting the original alignment to single carriageway for local access.Fact|date=July 2007 However, in the wake of protests against a similar scheme in Wanstead, this was dropped and the road remains a dual carriageway, with surrounding houses having been sold back to private buyers.
* [http://www.sabre-roads.org.uk/roadlists/f99/10.shtml Society for All British Road Enthusiasts entry for the A10]
* [http://www.road-to-nowhere.co.uk/route-guides/A10/ Road to Nowhere - A10]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.