- Zeno map
The Zeno map refers to a map of the
North Atlanticfirst published in 1558in Veniceby Nicolo Zeno, a descendant of Nicolo Zeno, of the Zeno brothers.
The younger Zeno published the map, along with a series of letters, claiming he had discovered them in a storeroom in his family's home in Venice. According to Zeno, the map and letters date from around the year
1400and purportedly describe a long voyage made by the Zeno brothers in the 1390sunder the direction of a prince named Zichmni. The voyage supposedly traversed the North Atlantic and, according to some interpretations, reached North America.
Most historians regard the map and accompanying narrative as a
hoax, perpetrated by the younger Zeno to make a retroactive claim for Venice as having discovered the New World before Christopher Columbus.
The evidence against the authenticity of the map is based largely on the appearance of many non-existent islands in the North Atlantic and off the coast of
Iceland. One of these islands was Frisland, where the Zeno brothers allegedly spent some time.
Independent research also shows that since the
marine chronometerwas not invented until the mid 1750's, it would have been impossible to determine the longitudeof the land massshown on the map.
Current scholarship regards the map as being based on existing maps of the
16th century, in particular:
Olaus Magnusmap of the North, the Carta marina
Caerte van Oostlandof Cornelis Anthoniszoon
Claudius Clavus-type maps of the North [Gray, Johnathan "Dead Men's Secrets" ]
* Cooper, Robert L. D. (Ed.) "The Voyages of the Venetian Brothers Nicolo & Antonio Zeno to the Northern Seas in the XIVth Century". Masonic Publishing Co. 2004. ISBN 0-9544268-2-7.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Zeno brothers — The Zeno brothers, namely Nicolò (c. 1326–c. 1402) and Antonio Zeno (died c. 1403), were noted Italian navigators from Venice, living in the second half of the 14th century. They were brothers of the Venetian naval hero Carlo Zeno. The Zeno… … Wikipedia
Pre-Columbian Discovery of America — Pre Columbian Discovery of America † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pre Columbian Discovery of America Of all the alleged discoveries of America before the time of Columbus, only the bold voyages of exploration of the fearless Vikings to… … Catholic encyclopedia
Estotiland — is a region of land appearing on the Zeno map, ostensibly on the western side of the Atlantic Ocean in the location of Labrador. The map on which it appears was purportedly made in the early 15th century by Antonio Zeno. According to the letters… … Wikipedia
List of hoaxes — The following are lists of hoaxes: Proven hoaxes These are some claims that have been revealed to be deliberate public hoaxes. This list does not include hoax articles published on or around April 1, a long list of which can be found in the April … Wikipedia
World of The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen — The world of The League of Extraordinary Gentleman is a fictional universe created by Alan Moore in the comic book series The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen , where all of the characters and events from literature (and possibly the entirety of … Wikipedia
Estland — Estonia 1999 CIA map. Estland is the modern name for Estonia in German, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Dutch and some other Germanic languages, with the notable exception of modern English. Estland or Eistland in ancient Scandinavian … Wikipedia
Phantom island — The Zeno map of 1558 showing Frisland – a phantom island in the North Atlantic Phantom islands are islands that were believed to exist, and appeared on maps for a period of time (sometimes centuries) during recorded history, but were later… … Wikipedia
Minoan civilization — Map of Minoan Crete History of Greece … Wikipedia
List of rulers of Thrace and Dacia — Map of Ancient Thrace made by Abraham Ortelius in 1585 This article lists rulers of Thrace and Dacia, and includes Thracian, Paeonian, Celtic, Dacian, Scythian, Persian or Ancient Greek up to the point of its fall to the Roman empire, with a few… … Wikipedia
Turcilingi — map of barbarian peoples during the time of Augustulus, from his Italy and Her Invaders . The location of the Turcilingi is only a guess.] The Turcilingi, Torcilingi, or Thorcilingi were an obscure barbarian people who first appeared on the… … Wikipedia