Vatteluttu


Vatteluttu

Vatteluttu ("ISOtranslit|vaṭṭeḻuttu") or "rounded writing" is an abugida writing system originating from the Dravidian peoples of Southern India and Sri Lanka. The generic term of Vatteluttu, known as the "Pallava script", was mentioned by scholars of Southeast Asian studies such as George Coedes and D.G.E. Hall. The Pallavas were a Tamil dynasty who reigned in the early centuries of the Common Era (c. 275 to 500 CE). Vatteluttu, or the Pallava script forms the basis for several writing systems of Southeast Asia and beyond : Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. [cite book | last = Steever| first = Sanford B.| title = The Dravidian Languages| year = 1998| publisher = Routledge| location = London; New York]

South Asia

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Inscriptional records in the Tamil language date from 300 BCE to 1800 CE and have undergone varying changes through history. [cite book | last = Agesthialingom| first = S. & S.V. Shanmugam| title = The Language of Tamil Inscriptions | year = 1970| publisher = Annamalai University| location = Annamalainagar, India] The Grantha Tamil was an alphabet in which extra letters were created specifically for Sanskrit words. It was also a modified form of Tamil script to write Sanskrit granthas, or books. In Tamil many of the alphabets or letters which are found in Sanskrit are missing.

Mainland Southeast Asia

The Mon alphabet, from which the Burmese script is derived, and the Khmer script, from which the Lao and Thai scripts are derived, were derived from the Pallava script. Fact|date=August 2008

Insular Southeast Asia

The Pallava script is thought to be the the earliest writing system in insular Southeast Asia.Fact|date=August 2008

Its use is found on "yupa" (stone poles) in Muara Kaman, between Mahakam River and Kedang Kepala, around 125 km upstream of Tenggarong in East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The "yupa" were found by a topography worker from Netherlands in 1879. They are estimated to date 400. They bear inscriptions written in Sanskrit that narrate a story about the achievements of a king called Mulawarwan, grandson of Kudungga. The "yupa" are now in the Indonesia n National Museum in Jakarta.Fact|date=August 2008

An inscription found at Tugu in northern Jakarta on Java Island, Indonesia, is also written in Pallava script and also in the Sanskrit language. It mentions a king Purnawarman of Tarumanagara who built a canal to the sea for the sake of irrigation. It is estimated to date 450.Fact|date=August 2008

ee also

*Tamil copper-plate inscriptions
*Indian copper plate inscriptions
*Laguna Copperplate Inscription
*Tamil script

References


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