Coat of arms of Belgium
Coat of arms of Belgium
Greater Coat of Arms of Belgium.svg
Versions
State coat of arms of Belgium.svg
Lesser arms used by the government of Belgium
Details
Armiger Albert II, King of the Belgians
Adopted 17 March 1837
Crest A helmet with raised visor or topped with a Royal Crown of Belgium
Escutcheon Sable, a lion rampant or, armed and langued Gules with two crossed sceptres (a hand of justice and a lion) or behind a shield. The grand collar of the Order of Leopold surrounds the shield
Supporters Two lions guardant proper each supporting a lance Gules pointed or with two national Flags of Belgium (Tierced per pale Sable, or and Gules.
Compartment Underneath the compartment is placed the ribbon Gules with two stripes Sable charged with the motto
Motto French: L'UNION FAIT LA FORCE
Dutch: EENDRACHT MAAKT MACHT
Orders Order of Leopold
Other elements The whole is placed on a mantle Gules with ermine lining, fringes and tassels Or and ensigned with the Royal Crown of Belgium. Above the mantle rise banners with the arms of the nine provinces that constituted Belgium in 1837. They are (from dexter to sinister) Antwerp, West Flanders, East Flanders, Liège, Brabant, Hainaut, Limburg, Luxembourg and Namur

The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Belgium bears a lion, called the Belgian Lion, or Leo Belgicus. This is in accordance with article 193 (originally article 125) of the Belgian Constitution: The Belgian nation takes red, yellow and black as colours, and as state coat of arms the Belgian lion with the motto UNITY MAKES STRENGTH. The Royal Decree of 17 March 1837 determines the actual form of the arms by describing the great and the small seal of the Kingdom.

Contents

Greater arms

The shield is emblazoned: Sable, a lion rampant or, armed and langued gules. It is surmounted by a helmet with raised visor, with mantling or and sable and the royal crown in lieu of a crest. Behind the shield are placed a hand of justice and a sceptre with a lion. The grand collar of the Order of Leopold surrounds the shield. Two lions guardant proper support the shield as well as a lance with the national colours black, yellow and red. Underneath the compartment is placed the motto L'union fait la force in French or Eendracht maakt macht in Dutch. The riband of the motto is red, with black stripes on either side. The lettering is golden. Since the Royal Decree of 1837 never received an official translation, the use of the Dutch version of the motto is customary rather than official. The whole is placed on a red mantle with ermine lining and golden fringes and tassels, ensigned with the royal crown. Above the mantle rise banners with the arms of the nine provinces that constituted Belgium in 1837. They are (from dexter to sinister) Antwerp, West Flanders, East Flanders, Liège, Brabant, Hainaut, Limburg, Luxembourg and Namur.

The greater arms are used only rarely. They adorn the great seal that is affixed to laws and international treaties.

Since the province of Brabant was split into Flemish Brabant, Walloon Brabant and Brussels in 1995, the greater arms no longer reflect the present territorial divisions of the state. The changes made to the arms of the Flemish provinces as a result of this decision, are not reflected in the great seal either.

Lesser arms

The lesser coat of arms (as used by the Belgian federal government, on passport covers and the official sites of the monarchy and of the government) consists of the shield, the royal crown, the crossed sceptres, the collar of the Order of Leopold and the motto.

Origins of the arms

The newly independent Kingdom of Belgium decided to base its coat of arms and flag on the symbols used by the short-lived United Netherlandish States. These came into being after the Southern Netherlands threw off Austrian rule. It existed as an independent polity from January to December 1790. The Duchy of Brabant had taken the lead in the so called Brabantine Revolution, the insurrection against Emperor Joseph II, and afterwards dominated the United Netherlandish States. Therefore the Brabantine lion (sable, a lion rampant or, armed and langued gules) came to stand for the entire federation.

This was not without precedent. In the course of the Dutch Revolt the provinces rebelling against the rule of King Philip II adopted a common seal in 1578 showing the Leo Belgicus wearing a crown and holding a sword and a sheaf of arrows. The crown stood for sovereignty, the sword for the war against Spain and the arrows for the concord and unity among the rebellious provinces. At first the lion of the (Dutch) Republic of the United Provinces had the Brabantine colours or on sable. It was only when most of Brabant was reconquered by Spain in the 1580s and Holland came to dominate the Republic, that the colours of the Dutch lion (or and gules) became the definitive tinctures of the arms of the United Provinces. The Dutch Revolt likewise provided the motto "Unity Makes Strength". The inscription of the seal of 1578 reads Concordia res parvae crescunt (through unity small things grow), a quote taken from Sallust's Jugurthine War. Soon Dutch sources used the translation Eendracht maekt magt. The United States of Belgium of 1790 used the French version L'union fait la force. Their motto was in turn taken over by the Kingdom of Belgium in 1831. It was only in 1958 that it was decided that the official Dutch translation should read Eendracht maakt macht.

References

  • Andrée Scufflaire. Les origines du sceau de l'Etat belge, in: Roger Harmignies, ed. Sources de l'héraldique en Europe occidentale, (Brussels, 1985) 201-225.
  • Hubert de Vries. Wapens van de Nederlanden: De historische ontwikkeling van de heraldische symbolen van Nederlanden, België, hun provincies en Luxemburg (Amsterdam, 1995).
  • Philippe du Bois de Ryckholt. Dictionnaire des cris et devises de la noblesse belge Receuil généalogique et héraldique, 24 (Brussels, 1976) p. 17-18.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Coat of arms of the Netherlands — Coat of arms of the Kingdom of the Netherlands Details Armiger Beatrix I …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of Germany — Coat of arms of the Federal Republic of Germany Details Armiger Federal Republic of Germany Adopt …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of Spain — Versions …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of Montenegro — Versions …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of Gibraltar — Details Escutcheon Divided per fess: 1st Division: Two thirds Argent, a triple towered cas …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of the Republic of Ingushetia — The coat of arms of Ingushetia was instituted on August 26, 1994. In the center of the circle is an eagle (symbolizing nobility, courage, wisdom, and faith) and a battle tower (symbol of old and young Ingushetia). In the background is Stolovaya… …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of the Udmurt Republic — The Coat of arms of Udmurtia is one of the official state symbols of Udmurtia. The coat of arms consists of a round red and black shield, on which there is a white swan with spread wings. In the emblem, black represents stability and earth; red… …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of Slovenia — Details Armiger Republic of Slovenia Adopted …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of Saxony — Details Armiger House of Wettin (culture, religion ,history and aristocracy; Freestate Saxony (populistic administrations area) …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of Russia — The coat of arms of Russia have gone through three major periods in their history, undergoing major changes in the transitions between the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, and the Russian Federation. They date back to 1472, when Ivan III began… …   Wikipedia

  • Coat of arms of the Isle of Man — The Arms of Her Majesty in right of the Isle of Man Details Armiger Queen Elizabeth II, Lord of Mann …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”