Trinidad

Infobox Islands
name = Trinidad


image caption = Map of Trinidad
image size =
locator
Location map|Venezuela|lat=10.460804|long=-61.248779|caption=Trinidad (off the coast of Venezuela
map_custom = yes
native name =
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location = Caribbean
coordinates = coord|10|27|38|N|61|14|55|W|display=inline,title
archipelago = Lesser Antilles
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area = convert|4769|km2|sqmi|abbr=on
length =
width =
highest mount = El Cerro del Aripo
elevation = convert|940|m|ft|abbr=on
country = Trinidad and Tobago
country admin divisions title =
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country admin divisions title 1 =
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country largest city =
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ethnic groups = Afro-Trinidadians and Indo-Trinidadians - account for almost 80% of the population
additional info =

Trinidad (Spanish: "Trinity") is the largest and most populous of the two major islands and numerous landforms which make up the country of Trinidad and Tobago. Trinidad is the southernmost island in the Caribbean and lies just 11 km (7 miles) off the northeastern coast of Venezuela. Trinidad has an area of 4,769 km² (1,864 sq. mi.), the sixth largest in the West Indies and is located between coord|10|3|N|60|55|W| and coord|10|50|N|61|55|W|.

History

The history of Trinidad and Tobago begins with the settlements of the islands by Amerindians. Both islands were encountered by Christopher Columbus on his third voyage in 1498. Tobago changed hands between the British, French, Dutch and Courlanders, but eventually ended up in British hands. Trinidad remained in Spanish hands until 1797, but it was largely settled by French colonists. In 1888 the two islands were incorporated into a single crown colony. Trinidad and Tobago obtained its independence from the British Empire in 1962 and became a republic in 1976.

Contemporary Trinidad

Today Trinidad is the result of a fusion of many different cultures. It hosts an annual pre-Lenten Carnival. It is the birthplace of Calypso music, the Steelpan musical instrument pie and Limbo dance. Styles of popular music include calypso, chutney music, soca and parang.

Major landforms include the hills of the Northern, Central and Southern Ranges, the Caroni, Nariva and Oropouche Swamps, and the Caroni and Naparima Plains. Major river systems include the Caroni, North and South Oropouche and Ortoire Rivers. Native mammals include the Red Brocket Deer, Collared Peccary, Red Howler Monkey and the Ocelot. Trinidad has a rich avifauna, including a single endemic species, the Trinidad Piping Guan.

Trinidad is also an industrial island with a diversified economy, based to a large extent on oil and natural gas, industry and agriculture.Fact|date=November 2007 It is one of the leading gas-based export centers in the world, being the leading exporter of ammonia and methanol and among the top five exporters of liquefied natural gas. This has allowed Trinidad to capitalize on the large mineral reserves within its territories. It has good transport links and infrastructure, although some roads in more rural areas are in disrepair.Fact|date=November 2007

References

External links

* [http://www.visittnt.com/ Trinidad and Tobago Tourism Website]
* [http://trinismack.com/ Trinidad and Tobago Auto Motor Sound Off Gaming Forum]
* [http://trinispice.net/ Entertaining The Soul Of The Forum]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trinidad — puede designar: a la Santísima Trinidad, dogma central de las religiones católica, ortodoxa y la mayor parte de las reformadas. a la Trimurti, tríada de dioses hindúes; a la Triple Diosa, figura divina que algunos investigadores consideran… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Trinidad — (spanisch für „Dreifaltigkeit“ oder „Dreieinigkeit“) bezeichnet: geografische Begriffe: Trinidad (Insel), eine Insel in der Karibik den spanischen Namen einer der Falklandinseln, siehe Saunders Island (Falklandinseln) Trindade und Martim Vaz,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trinidad — Trinidad, CA U.S. city in California Population (2000): 311 Housing Units (2000): 228 Land area (2000): 0.483701 sq. miles (1.252779 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.180303 sq. miles (0.466983 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.664004 sq. miles (1.719762… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Trinidad, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 311 Housing Units (2000): 228 Land area (2000): 0.483701 sq. miles (1.252779 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.180303 sq. miles (0.466983 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.664004 sq. miles (1.719762 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Trinidad, CO — U.S. city in Colorado Population (2000): 9078 Housing Units (2000): 4126 Land area (2000): 6.306886 sq. miles (16.334759 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000547 sq. miles (0.001418 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.307433 sq. miles (16.336177 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Trinidad, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 1091 Housing Units (2000): 474 Land area (2000): 14.856371 sq. miles (38.477823 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.231805 sq. miles (0.600371 sq. km) Total area (2000): 15.088176 sq. miles (39.078194 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • trinidad — (Del lat. trinĭtas, ātis). 1. f. Rel. Distinción de tres personas divinas en una sola y única esencia, misterio inefable de la religión cristiana. ORTOGR. Escr. con may. inicial. 2. Unión de tres personas en algún negocio. U. m. en sent.… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Trinidád — Trinidád, 1) britisch westind. Insel (s. Karte »Westindien«), zwischen 10°3 –10°50 nördl. Br. und 60°55 –62° westl. L., vor der Mündung des Orinoko, von dessen Delta sie durch die Boca de la Sierpe (Serpents Mouth) oder Boca del Soldado getrennt… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Trinidad — [trin′i dad΄] island in the West Indies, off the NE coast of Venezuela: 1,864 sq mi (4,828 sq km); pop. 1,209,000: see TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO Trinidadian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Trinidad — (Trinidade), 1) Gouvernement im Britischen Westindien, begreift einige kleine Inseln u. 2) die Insel T., die südlichste u. größte der Kleinen Antillen, zwischen dem Festlande Südamerikas u. Tabago, vor dem Mündungsdelta des Orinoco gelegen,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Trinidad — Trinidad, Hauptstadt der Grafschaft Las Animas im S. des nordamerikan. Staates Colorado, am Purgatory River, Bahnknotenpunkt, hat Eisenbahnwerkstätten, Kohlengruben, bedeutenden Vieh und Produktenhandel und (1900) 5345 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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