name = Trinidad
image caption = Map of Trinidad
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Location map|Venezuela|lat=10.460804|long=-61.248779|caption=Trinidad (off the coast of Venezuela
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coordinates = coord|10|27|38|N|61|14|55|W|display=inline,title
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area = convert|4769|km2|sqmi|abbr=on
highest mount =
El Cerro del Aripo
elevation = convert|940|m|ft|abbr=on
country = Trinidad and Tobago
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population as of =
ethnic groups =
Afro-Trinidadians and Indo-Trinidadians - account for almost 80% of the population
additional info =
Trinidad (Spanish: "
Trinity") is the largest and most populous of the two major islands and numerous landforms which make up the country of Trinidad and Tobago. Trinidad is the southernmost island in the Caribbeanand lies just 11 km (7 miles) off the northeastern coast of Venezuela. Trinidad has an area of 4,769 km²(1,864 sq. mi.), the sixth largest in the West Indiesand is located between coord|10|3|N|60|55|W| and coord|10|50|N|61|55|W|.
The history of Trinidad and Tobago begins with the settlements of the islands by Amerindians. Both islands were encountered by Christopher Columbus on his third voyage in
1498. Tobago changed hands between the British, French, Dutch and Courlanders, but eventually ended up in British hands. Trinidad remained in Spanish hands until 1797, but it was largely settled by French colonists. In 1888 the two islands were incorporated into a single crown colony. Trinidad and Tobago obtained its independence from the British Empire in 1962 and became a republic in 1976.
Today Trinidad is the result of a fusion of many different cultures. It hosts an annual pre-
Lenten Carnival. It is the birthplace of Calypso music, the Steelpanmusical instrument pie and Limbo dance. Styles of popular music include calypso, chutney music, soca and parang.
Major landforms include the hills of the Northern, Central and Southern Ranges, the Caroni, Nariva and Oropouche Swamps, and the Caroni and Naparima Plains. Major river systems include the Caroni, North and South Oropouche and
Ortoire Rivers. Native mammals include the Red Brocket Deer, Collared Peccary, Red Howler Monkey and the Ocelot. Trinidad has a rich avifauna, including a single endemicspecies, the Trinidad Piping Guan.
Trinidad is also an industrial island with a diversified economy, based to a large extent on oil and
natural gas, industry and agriculture.Fact|date=November 2007 It is one of the leading gas-based export centers in the world, being the leading exporter of ammonia and methanol and among the top five exporters of liquefied natural gas. This has allowed Trinidad to capitalize on the large mineral reserves within its territories. It has good transport links and infrastructure, although some roads in more rural areas are in disrepair.Fact|date=November 2007
* [http://www.visittnt.com/ Trinidad and Tobago Tourism Website]
* [http://trinismack.com/ Trinidad and Tobago Auto Motor Sound Off Gaming Forum]
* [http://trinispice.net/ Entertaining The Soul Of The Forum]
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