NBA Development League

NBA Development League
NBA Development League (NBA D-League)
NBA Development League Logo.svg
NBA Development League logo
Sport Basketball
Founded 2001
Inaugural season 2001–2002
No. of teams 16
Country(ies)  United States
Continent FIBA Americas (Americas)
Most recent champion(s) Iowa Energy (1st title)
Most titles Asheville Altitude (2 titles)
TV partner(s) NBA TV
Versus
Official website NBA D-League

The NBA Development League, or NBA D-League, is the National Basketball Association's official minor league basketball organization. Known until summer 2005 as the National Basketball Development League (NBDL), the NBA D-League started with eight teams in the fall of 2001. In March 2005, NBA commissioner David Stern announced a plan to expand the NBA D-League to fifteen teams and develop it into a true minor league farm system, with each NBA D-League team affiliated with one or more NBA teams. For the 2010–11 season, the league consists of 16 teams. At the conclusion of the 2010–11 NBA season, 23 percent of NBA players had spent time in the NBA D-League.

Contents

History

The league began play as the NBDL in the 2001–2002 season; the original eight franchises were all located in the southeastern United States (specifically in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Alabama, and Georgia). Some of these teams were purchased by private owners and relocated—at the same time the league's name was changed—in the summer of 2005, in a bid to appeal to more fans nationwide. As a result, franchises were established in or moved to Texas, New Mexico, Arkansas, Florida and Oklahoma. In February 2006, the D-League expanded to California for the first time with the addition of the Bakersfield Jam. Two months later, the league announced that four teams from the Continental Basketball Association were joining the league: the Dakota Wizards, Sioux Falls Skyforce, Idaho Stampede, and a team originally slated for CBA expansion, the Colorado 14ers.[1][2] A few days after that, the league announced that Anaheim, California, would be getting a team.[3] One week after that, they announced that the Los Angeles Lakers have purchased a team, making them the first NBA team to own a D-League team.[4] The westward expansion contributed to the contraction of the NBA-owned Roanoke Dazzle[5] and Fayetteville Patriots.[6] The Florida Flame have suspended operations due to arena scheduling difficulties. [7] Today, no NBA D-League teams remain in the league's original Southeastern footprint. On November 5, 2009, the Texas Legends made history by hiring Nancy Lieberman as head coach, the first female head coach to lead an NBA or NBA D-League team.

On January 4, 2010, the league announced its first national television agreement with Versus. Versus is slated to carry 10 regular season games and 6 playoff games throughout 2010, airing on Saturday nights beginning January 16.

All-Star Game

The NBA Development League held its first All-Star game February 17, 2007, at the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada. It was part of the NBA All-Star Weekend in Las Vegas. As with the NBA's showcase game, a fan vote determined the starting lineup for each team. The East won 114 to 100, with Pops Mensah-Bonsu named the game's MVP.[8]

The second annual All-Star game was held on February 16, 2008, at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in New Orleans, Louisiana. The Blue team beat the Red team, 117–99 and Jeremy Richardson was named the MVP. In addition to the NBA D-League All-Star Game, the league debuted its first Dream Factory Friday Night events, which modeled after the NBA All-Star Saturday Night events. The events consists of Three-Point Shootout (won by Adam Harrington), Slam Dunk Contest (won by Brent Petway) and game of H.O.R.S.E. (won by Lance Allred).[9]

The 2009 D-League All-Star game was held on February 14, 2009, at the Phoenix Convention Center in Phoenix, Arizona. The Red Team defeated the Blue Team 113–103 and Blake Ahearn and Courtney Sims were named co-MVPs.[10] Along with the All-Star game, the NBA D-League ran their second annual Dream Factory Friday Night events. H.O.R.S.E., which debuted last year, was won by Will Conroy of the Albuquerque Thunderbirds. The Three-Point Shootout was won by Blake Ahearn of the Dakota Wizards, and the Slam Dunk Contest was won by James White of the Bakersfield Jam.[11]

The 2010 D-League All-Star game was held on February 13, 2010, at the Dallas Convention Center in Dallas, Texas. The Western Conference team defeated the Eastern Conference Team 98–81. Bakersfield Jam center Brian Butch, who scored 18 points and grabbed 13 rebounds, was named as the MVP of the game.[12] The NBA D-League also ran their third annual Dream Factory Friday Night events. The inaugural Shooting Stars Competition was won by a team of Pat Carroll, Trey Gilder and Carlos Powell. The Three-Point Shootout was won by Andre Ingram of the Utah Flash, and the Slam Dunk Contest was won by Dar Tucker of the Los Angeles D-Fenders.[13]

D-League Showcase

The league stages an annual NBA D-League Showcase in which all of the league's teams play each other in a "carnival" format. The showcase was first played in 2005 was originally intended solely as a scouting event for NBA general managers and scouts, but has evolved into a fan-friendly four day event in which each team plays two games apiece. Since the inception of the event in 2005, there have been 15 players called-up or recalled during or immediately following the Showcase. The showcase has been hosted in Columbus, Georgia (2005), Fayetteville, North Carolina (2006), Sioux Falls, South Dakota (2007), Boise, Idaho (2008), Orem, Utah (2009), Boise, Idaho (2010), South Padre Island, Texas in 2011.

Draft

The NBA D-League Draft occurs each season and is the major source from which teams build their rosters. Team rosters are made up of returning players (players who were on the team during the previous season), allocated players (players who have local significance), and drafted players. The 8 round draft utilizes a "serpentine" format, meaning the order alternates in each round; Team A who selected first in Round 1 will selected last in Round 2, while Team B who selected last in Round 1 will get the first pick in Round 2, et cetera.

Player allocations

Players for NBA D-League teams do not sign contracts with the individual teams, but with the league itself. D-League team rosters consist of a total of 12 players, 10 (or fewer) being D-League players and 2 (or more) NBA players. The rosters are made up in a number of ways: the previous years' players, players taken in the D-League draft, allocation players (meaning players who are assigned to a team with which they have a local connection, such as a University of Texas player being assigned to the Austin Toros), NBA team assignments, and local tryouts. Each NBA team can assign two first or second year players to its affiliated D-League team. If more than two NBA players are assigned to a team, the team must reduce the number of D-League players to keep the total roster size to 12. An NBA player will continue to be paid his NBA salary and will continue to be included on his NBA team’s roster on the inactive list while playing in the D-League.[14] Each team also has local tryouts, and one player from the tryouts is assigned to the team. The minimum age to play in the NBDL is 18,[15] unlike the NBA which requires players to be 19 years old and one year out of high school in order to sign an NBA contract or be eligible for the draft. The highest player ever to be assigned is Hasheem Thabeet, the second player selected in the 2009 NBA draft.

NBA teams can call up players as many times as they choose, but a player can be assigned to the NBA D-League only three times in a season.

Successful NBA call-ups

Many former NBA draftees, waived players and undrafted players have played in the NBA D-League. Some of the called-up D-League players that went on to have successful NBA careers include Rafer Alston, Louis Amundson, Chris Andersen, Kelenna Azubuike, Matt Barnes, Devin Brown, Will Bynum, Matt Carroll, Eddie Gill, Stephen Graham, Jason Hart, Chuck Hayes, Anthony Johnson, Dahntay Jones, Jamario Moon, Mikki Moore, Smush Parker, Bobby Simmons, Ime Udoka, Von Wafer, C. J. Watson, and Mike Wilks.[16] Aside from these players, there are several successful NBA players who were assigned to the D-League in their first and second season, such as José Juan Barea, Brandon Bass, Andray Blatche, Aaron Brooks, Jordan Farmar, Shannon Brown, Marcin Gortat, Ramon Sessions and Martell Webster.[17]

In the 2009–10 NBA season, a record of 27 players have been called up for a record 40 times. Several of those players earned a season-long contracts after being key contributors, including Anthony Tolliver, Chris Hunter and Reggie Williams (all Golden State Warriors), Sundiata Gaines (Utah Jazz), Chris Richard (Chicago Bulls), and Mario West (Atlanta Hawks).[16]

Currently, there are only 12 players with D-League experience who won an NBA title: Tremaine Fowlkes with the Detroit Pistons in 2003–04; Devin Brown and Mike Wilks with the San Antonio Spurs in 2004–05; Earl Barron and Dorell Wright with the Miami Heat in 2005–06; James White with the San Antonio Spurs in 2006–07; Gabe Pruitt with the Boston Celtics in 2007–08; and, Sun Yue and Shannon Brown with the Los Angeles Lakers, Jordan Farmar, Josh Powell in 2008–09,and 2009-10, and most recently Jose Juan Barea, Rodrigue Beaubois, Ian Mahinmi and Dominique Jones with the Dallas Mavericks in 2010-2011.[18] Bobby Simmons and Aaron Brooks are the only former D-League players to win an NBA end of season award; Simmons won the Most Improved Player Award with the Los Angeles Clippers in 2004–05 and Brooks won the Most Improved Player Award with the Houston Rockets in 2009–10.[19][20]

In the 2008 NBA Draft, Idaho Stampede's Mike Taylor was drafted by the Portland Trail Blazers. He became the first player from the NBA D-League to be drafted by an NBA team. He was subsequently traded and signed a rookie contract with Los Angeles Clippers.[21] In the 2010 NBA Draft, Tulsa 66ers' Latavious Williams was drafted by the Miami Heat and later traded to the Oklahoma City Thunder, the NBA team affiliated with the 66ers.[22]

Thirty-five former NBA D-League players were on the 2006–07 NBA opening day roster. The number increased to 44 players in 2007–08 and then 60 players in 2008–09.[23][24] In the 2009 NBA Playoffs, an all-time high of 49 players were named to playoff rosters, 17 of whom also spent time in the D-League that season.[25] In the 2009–10 season and the 2010–11 season, the number of former D-League players on NBA opening day roster increased and reached the all-time high of 63 players.[17][26]

As of April 14, 2009, there are 143 call-ups to the NBA, involving 89 players. The franchise with the most call-ups in D-League history is Columbus/Austin (15). They are followed by Asheville Tulsa (14); Fayetteville (11); Colorado (9); Huntsville/Albuquerque, Charleston/Florida, Roanoke and Sioux Falls (8); Iowa (6); Fort Worth and Idaho (5); Dakota, Fort Wayne and Mobile (4); Bakersfield and Los Angeles (3); Rio Grande Valley and Anaheim/Springfield (2) and Arkansas, Erie, Greenville and Utah (1).[16]

Teams

Current teams

NBA Development League
Eastern Conference
Team City Arena NBA Affiliates
Canton Charge Canton, Ohio Canton Memorial Civic Center Cleveland Cavaliers
Dakota Wizards Bismarck, North Dakota Bismarck Civic Center Golden State Warriors
Erie BayHawks Erie, Pennsylvania Louis J. Tullio Arena New York Knicks
Fort Wayne Mad Ants Fort Wayne, Indiana Allen County War Memorial Coliseum Detroit Pistons, Indiana Pacers, Milwaukee Bucks
Iowa Energy Des Moines, Iowa Wells Fargo Arena Chicago Bulls, New Orleans Hornets, Washington Wizards
Maine Red Claws Portland, Maine Portland Exposition Building Boston Celtics, Charlotte Bobcats, Philadelphia 76ers
Sioux Falls Skyforce Sioux Falls, South Dakota Sioux Falls Arena Miami Heat, Minnesota Timberwolves, Orlando Magic
Springfield Armor Springfield, Massachusetts MassMutual Center New Jersey Nets
Western Conference
Team City Arena NBA affiliates
Austin Toros Cedar Park, Texas Cedar Park Center San Antonio Spurs
Bakersfield Jam Bakersfield, California Jam Events Center Los Angeles Clippers, Phoenix Suns, Toronto Raptors
Idaho Stampede Boise, Idaho CenturyLink Arena Boise Denver Nuggets, Portland Trail Blazers, Utah Jazz
Los Angeles D-Fenders El Segundo, California Toyota Sports Center Los Angeles Lakers
Reno Bighorns Reno, Nevada Reno Events Center Atlanta Hawks, Memphis Grizzlies, Sacramento Kings
Rio Grande Valley Vipers Hidalgo, Texas State Farm Arena Houston Rockets
Texas Legends Frisco, Texas Dr Pepper Arena Dallas Mavericks
Tulsa 66ers Tulsa, Oklahoma Tulsa Convention Center Oklahoma City Thunder

Future expansion and relocation

The Toronto Raptors are engaged in discussions to bring a D-League team to Southern Ontario,[27] most likely to Hamilton, but Oshawa remains a possibility.[28] 

The owner of the Halifax Rainmen, has previously pursued ownership of a D-League team in Halifax, Nova Scotia.[29] Other possible locations for D-League teams include Hartford, Connecticut; Little Havana, Florida; Trenton, New Jersey; Brooklyn, New York; Harlem, New York; Lexington, Kentucky; Toledo, Ohio;[30] Youngstown, Ohio; Knoxville, Tennessee; Burlington, Vermont; Richmond, Virginia; and Quebec, Canada in the East; and Nogales, Arizona; Malibu, California; Norwalk, California; Santa Monica, California; Honolulu, Hawaii; Lincoln, Nebraska; Las Vegas, Nevada; St. George, Utah; Beaumont, Texas; and Wenatchee, Washington in the West.[31]

Team ownership

Ownership models vary across the NBA D-League.  Independent owners control most of the league’s teams, but growing willingness among NBA organizations to invest in the D-League has led to two other models: direct ownership of D-League teams by parent NBA clubs and single-affiliate partnerships in which the D-League team remains independently owned while the parent club runs and finances basketball operations.

The Houston Rockets and Rio Grande Valley Vipers pioneered the single-affiliate partnership, also known as the hybrid model, in 2009–10.  In November 2010, the New Jersey Nets and Springfield Armor announced they will enter into a single-affiliate partnership beginning in 2011–12. In June 2011, the New York Knicks and Erie BayHawks announced they will be single-affiliated.

Independent ownership: Bakersfield Jam, Fort Wayne Mad Ants, Idaho Stampede, Iowa Energy, Maine Red Claws, Reno Bighorns, Sioux Falls Skyforce, Texas Legends

Parent club ownership: Austin Toros (by the San Antonio Spurs), Canton Charge (by the Cleveland Cavaliers), Dakota Wizards (by the Golden State Warriors), Los Angeles D-Fenders (by the Los Angeles Lakers), Tulsa 66ers (by the Oklahoma City Thunder)

Hybrid affiliation: Erie Bayhawks (by the New York Knicks), Rio Grande Valley Vipers (with the Houston Rockets), Springfield Armor (with the New Jersey Nets)

Inactive teams

Team City Active Year(s) NBA Affiliates Notes
Utah Flash Orem, Utah 2007–2011 Utah Jazz ("local" affiliate), Atlanta Hawks Suspended by owners, team for sale

Defunct teams

Team City Active Year(s) NBA Affiliates Notes
Albuquerque/New Mexico Thunderbirds  Albuquerque, New Mexico 2005–2011 Phoenix Suns ("local" affiliate), New Orleans Hornets, Orlando Magic, Cleveland Cavaliers, Indiana Pacers moved to Canton, Ohio
Anaheim Arsenal Anaheim, California 2006–2009 Los Angeles Clippers ("local" affiliate), Orlando Magic, Portland Trail Blazers, Atlanta Hawks moved to Springfield, Massachusetts
Arkansas RimRockers Little Rock, Arkansas 2004–2007 Atlanta Hawks, Memphis Grizzlies, Miami Heat Suspended by owners
Asheville Altitude Asheville, North Carolina 2001–2005 N/A moved to Tulsa, Oklahoma
(North) Charleston Lowgators Charleston, South Carolina 2001–2004 Miami Heat ("local" affiliate), Orlando Magic ("local" affiliate), Minnesota Timberwolves, Boston Celtics, moved to South Fort Myers, Florida
Colorado 14ers Broomfield, Colorado 2006–2009 Denver Nuggets ("local" affiliate), New Jersey Nets moved to Frisco, Texas
Columbus Riverdragons Columbus, Georgia 2001–2005 San Antonio Spurs moved to Austin, Texas
Fayetteville Patriots Fayetteville, North Carolina 2001–2006 Charlotte Bobcats ("local" affiliate), Detroit Pistons, New York Knicks Folded by league
Florida Flame Fort Myers, Florida 2001–2007 Miami Heat, Orlando Magic, Boston Celtics, Minnesota Timberwolves Folded by owners
Fort Worth Flyers Fort Worth, Texas 2005–2007 Dallas Mavericks ("local" affiliate), Charlotte Bobcats, Philadelphia 76ers Suspended by owners
Greenville Groove Greenville, South Carolina 2001–2003 None Folded by league
Huntsville Flight Huntsville, Alabama 2001–2005 Dallas Mavericks, Miami Heat moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico
Mobile Revelers Mobile, Alabama 2001–2003 None Folded by league
Roanoke Dazzle Roanoke, Virginia 2001–2006 Washington Wizards ("local" affiliate), Philadelphia 76ers, New Jersey Nets Folded by league

League development

Year # Teams Expansion Teams Folded Teams Annexed Teams Returning Teams Suspended Teams Relocated Teams Renamed Teams
2001–02 8 Asheville Altitude
North Charleston Lowgators
Columbus Riverdragons
Fayetteville Patriots
Greenville Groove
Huntsville Flight
Mobile Revelers
Roanoke Dazzle
2002–03 8
2003–04 6 Greenville Groove
Mobile Revelers
Charleston Lowgators
2004–05 6 Charleston → Florida Florida Flame
2005–06 8 Fort Worth Flyers Arkansas RimRockers Asheville → Tulsa
Columbus → Austin
Huntsville → Albuquerque
Tulsa 66ers
Austin Toros
Albuquerque Thunderbirds
2006–07 12 Anaheim Arsenal
Los Angeles D-Fenders
Fayetteville Patriots
Roanoke Dazzle
Bakersfield Jam
Colorado 14ers
Dakota Wizards
Idaho Stampede
Sioux Falls Skyforce
Florida Flame
2007–08 14 Fort Wayne Mad Ants
Iowa Energy
Rio Grande Valley Vipers
Utah Flash
Florida Flame Arkansas RimRockers
Fort Worth Flyers
2008–09 16 Erie BayHawks
Reno Bighorns
2009–10 16 Maine Red Claws Anaheim → Springfield
Colorado → Texas (will begin play in 2010–11)
Springfield Armor
Texas Legends
2010–11 16 Los Angeles D-Fenders AlbuquerqueNew Mexico (stadium move only) New Mexico Thunderbirds
2011–12 16 Los Angeles D-Fenders Utah Flash New Mexico → Canton Canton Charge

Team timeline

Current teams in tan
Former teams or former names in blue Maine Red Claws Reno Bighorns Erie BayHawks Utah Flash Rio Grande Valley Vipers Iowa Energy Fort Wayne Mad Ants Sioux Falls Skyforce Idaho Stampede Dakota Wizards Texas Legends Colorado 14ers Bakersfield Jam Los Angeles D-Fenders Springfield Armor Anaheim Arsenal Arkansas RimRockers Fort Worth Flyers Roanoke Dazzle Mobile Revelers Canton Charge New Mexico Thunderbirds Huntsville Flight Greenville Groove Fayetteville Patriots Austin Toros Columbus Riverdragons Florida Flame North Charleston Lowgators Tulsa 66ers Asheville Altitude

Champions

Season Winner Score Runner-up
2001–2002 Greenville Groove 81–63, 75–68 North Charleston Lowgators
2002–2003 Mobile Revelers 92–82, 71–77, 75–72 Fayetteville Patriots
2003–2004 Asheville Altitude 108–106 (OT)[32] Huntsville Flight
2004–2005 Asheville Altitude 90–67[33] Columbus Riverdragons
2005–2006 Albuquerque Thunderbirds 119–108[34] Fort Worth Flyers
2006–2007 Dakota Wizards 129–121 (OT) Colorado 14ers
2007–2008 Idaho Stampede 89–95, 90–89, 108–101[35] Austin Toros
2008–2009 Colorado 14ers 136–131, 123–104[36] Utah Flash
2009–2010 Rio Grande Valley Vipers 136–131, 94–91[37] Tulsa 66ers
2010–2011 Iowa Energy 123–106, 122–141, 119–111 [38] Rio Grande Valley Vipers

Note: For the 2001–02 and 2002–03 seasons, (and resuming with the 2007–08 season onwards) the championship has been a best-of-three game series.

Awards and honors

Most Valuable Player

Dennis Johnson Coach of the Year

  • 2006–07 Bryan Gates, Idaho Stampede
  • 2007–08 Bryan Gates, Idaho Stampede
  • 2008–09 Quin Snyder, Austin Toros
  • 2009–10 Chris Finch, Rio Grande Valley Vipers
  • 2010–11 Nick Nurse, Iowa Energy

Rookie of the Year

Defensive Player of the Year

Impact Player of the Year

Most Improved Player

  • 2009–10 Mildon Ambres, Idaho Stampede
  • 2010–11 Dar Tucker, New Mexico Thunderbirds

Executive of the Year

  • 2009–10 Jon Jennings, Maine Red Claws
  • 2010–11 Bert Garcia, Rio Grande Valley Vipers

Jason Collier Sportsmanship Award

All-Star Game MVP

All-NBA Development League Team

See also

References

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  2. ^ "NBA Development League Expands To Four Cities". NBA.com. April 6, 2006. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/expansion_060406.html. Retrieved August 12, 2006. 
  3. ^ "NBA Development League Expands To Anaheim". NBA.com. April 11, 2006. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/anaheim_060411.html. Retrieved August 12, 2006. 
  4. ^ Sheridan, Chris (April 19, 2006). "NBA approves Lakers' ownership of D-League team". ESPN. http://sports.espn.go.com/nba/news/story?id=2414330. Retrieved August 12, 2006. 
  5. ^ "D-League Will No Longer Operate Roanoke Dazzle". NBA.com. May 1, 2006. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/roanoke_060501.html. Retrieved August 12, 2006. 
  6. ^ "D-League Will No Longer Operate In Fayetteville". NBA.com. May 2, 2006. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/fayetteville_060502.html. Retrieved August 12, 2006. 
  7. ^ "12 teams to comprise NBA Development League in 2007–08". oursportscentral.com. May 8, 2006. http://www.oursportscentral.com/services/releases/?id=3307417. Retrieved August 12, 2006. 
  8. ^ Brennan, Matthew (February 21, 2007). "Mensah-Bonsu, East Team Come Out On Top". NBA.com. NBA. http://www.nba.com/allstar2007/dleague_mvp_070217.html. Retrieved March 30, 2007. 
  9. ^ Wurst, Matt (February 16, 2008). "Stars Work, Play Hard in D-League All-Star Game". NBA.com. NBA. http://www.nba.com/dleague/allstar2008/recap.html. Retrieved February 29, 2008. 
  10. ^ "Sims And Ahearn Named Co-MVPs As Red Defeats Blue In All-Star Game". NBA.com/DLeague. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. February 14, 2009. http://www.nba.com/dleague/games/20090214/DLBDLR/recap.html. Retrieved June 30, 2009. 
  11. ^ "James White Soars To NBA D-League Slam Dunk Championship". NBA.com/DLeague. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. February 13, 2009. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/dream_factory_090213.html. Retrieved June 30, 2009. 
  12. ^ "Brian Butch Captures MVP Honors In 2010 All-Star Game". NBA.com/DLeague. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. February 13, 2010. http://www.nba.com/dleague/games/20100213/ESTWST/recap.html. Retrieved February 17, 2010. 
  13. ^ "Haier Shooting Stars Set Record At Dream Factory Friday Night". NBA.com/DLeague. Turner Sports Interactive, Inc. February 12, 2010. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/dream_factory_recap_100212.html. Retrieved February 17, 2010. 
  14. ^ "CBA Principal Deal Points". NBA. August 4, 2005. http://www.nba.com/news/cba_summary_050804.html. Retrieved January 19, 2011. "The player will continue to be paid his NBA salary and will continue to be included on his NBA team’s roster (on the inactive list) while playing in the NBADL." 
  15. ^ "D-League lowers the age requirement to 18". ESPN.com. ESPN. http://sports.espn.go.com/nba/news/story?id=2407522. Retrieved March 29, 2008. 
  16. ^ a b c "NBA Development League: All-Time Gatorade Call-Ups". NBA.com. April 14, 2009. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/alltimecallups.html. Retrieved April 14, 2009. 
  17. ^ a b "63 Former NBA D-League Players On 2009 Opening Night Rosters". NBA.com. October 27, 2009. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/nba_rosters_2009.html. Retrieved October 28, 2009. 
  18. ^ "NBA Development League: Former NBA D-Leaguers In The 2009 NBA Finals". NBA.com. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/nba_finals_2009.html. Retrieved April 18, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Simmons Named Most Improved". NBA.com. April 28, 2005. http://www.nba.com/news/simmons_050428.html. Retrieved April 14, 2009. 
  20. ^ "Rockets' Brooks named NBA's most improved player". NBA.com. April 23, 2010. http://www.nba.com/2010/news/04/22/brooks.most.improved.ap/index.html. Retrieved October 27, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Idaho’s Mike Taylor Becomes First D-League Player Drafted By An NBA Team". NBA.com. June 26, 2008. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/taylor_080627.html. Retrieved April 14, 2009. 
  22. ^ "Latavious Williams Becomes Second Player Drafted By NBA Team". NBA.com. July 25, 2010. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/williams_drafted_100625.html. Retrieved October 27, 2010. 
  23. ^ "NBA Development League: Former D-Leaguers In The NBA". NBA.com. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/nba_rosters_0708.html. Retrieved April 14, 2009. 
  24. ^ "60 Former NBA D-League Players On 2008 NBA Opening Night Rosters". NBA.com. October 30, 2008. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/nba_rosters_081030.html. Retrieved April 14, 2009. 
  25. ^ "All-Time High 49 Players With NBA D-League Experience On NBA Playoff Rosters". NBA.com. April 18, 2009. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/playoff_rosters_09.html. Retrieved May 2, 2009. 
  26. ^ "NBA D-Leaguers On NBA Opening Night Rosters". NBA.com. October 26, 2010. http://www.nba.com/dleague/news/opening_night_rosters_101026.html. Retrieved October 27, 2010. 
  27. ^ Smith, Doug (January 15, 2008). "D-League coming to T.O.?". The Toronto Star. http://www.thestar.com/article/293974. Retrieved January 15, 2008. 
  28. ^ Radley, Scott (January 16, 2008). "Hey, it ain't the NBA ...". The Hamilton Spectator. http://www.thespec.com/article/310148. Retrieved March 23, 2008. [dead link]
  29. ^ Lucus, Chad (March 19, 2008). "Sayonara, ABA. Hello, NBDL?". WCSH. http://thechronicleherald.ca/hullo/read/18/15832/15832#msg-15832. Retrieved March 23, 2008. [dead link]
  30. ^ NBA, Toledo Mud Hens discuss bringing minor-league team to arena
  31. ^ May, Peter (February 3, 2008). "A Maine focus in D-League". Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/sports/basketball/celtics/articles/2008/02/03/bumps_didnt_derail_celtics/?page=4. Retrieved February 3, 2008. 
  32. ^ "Flight can't reach Altitude for NBDL title". USA Today. April 26, 2004. http://www.usatoday.com/sports/basketball/nbdl/2004-04-26-altitude-flight-title-game_x.htm. Retrieved March 30, 2007. 
  33. ^ "Asheville 90, Columbus 67: Altitude Repeat as NBDL Champions". NBA.com. NBA. April 23, 2005. http://www.nba.com/dleague/games/20050423/ASHCOL/recap.html. Retrieved March 30, 2007. 
  34. ^ Stevenson, Stefan (April 23, 2006). "T-Birds get an A-plus, take home a trophy". Albuquerque Tribune. http://www.abqtrib.com/news/2006/apr/23/t-birds-get-an-a-plus-take-home-a-trophy/. Retrieved March 30, 2007. 
  35. ^ NBA Development League: Austin at Idaho
  36. ^ NBA Development League: Utah at Colorado
  37. ^ NBA Development League: Tulsa at Rio Grande Valley
  38. ^ NBA Development League: Rio Grande Valley at Iowa

External links


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