Zinc nitride

Chembox new
Name = Zinc nitride
OtherNames =
Section1 = Chembox Identifiers
CASNo = 1313-49-1

Section2 = Chembox Properties
Formula = Zn3N2
MolarMass = 244.15 g/mol
Appearance = gray powder
Density = 6.22 g/cm³, solid
Solubility = insoluble (decomposes)
MeltingPt =
BoilingPt =

Section3 = Chembox Structure
CrystalStruct = cubic

Section7 = Chembox Hazards
EUClass = not listed
NFPA-H = 1
NFPA-R = 1
NFPA-F = 0

Zinc nitride (Zn3N2) is an inorganic compound of zinc and nitrogen. In pure form, it is cubic in structure.cite book
last = Sangeeta
first = D.
title = Inorganic Materials Chemistry Desk Reference
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=bdGXyilNsGMC&pg=PA278&dq=%22Zinc+nitride%22&sig=JNuVLjRcGP7w-AkBcpFn4_D8w94
accessdate = 2007-09-30
year = 1997
publisher = CRC Press
location =
isbn = 978-0-8493-8900-3
pages = 278
] cite journal
author = Partin, D.E., D.J. Williams, and M. O'Keeffe
year = 1997
title = The Crystal Structures of Mg3N2and Zn3N2
journal = Journal of Solid State Chemistry
volume = 132
issue = 1
pages = 56–59
doi = 10.1006/jssc.1997.7407
url = http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/els/00224596/1997/00000132/00000001/art97407
accessdate = 2007-05-03
]

Chemical properties

Zinc nitride can be obtained by thermally decomposing zincamide (zinc diamine)cite book
author = Roscoe, Henry Enfield, and Carl Schorlemmer
origyear = 1878
title = A Treatise on Chemistry: Volume II, The Metals
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=-K0EAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA650&dq=%22zinc+nitride%22#PPA650,M1
accessdate = 2007-11-01
edition = 4th edition
year = 1907
publisher = Macmillan
location = London
pages = 650-51
] in an anaerobic environment, at temperatures in excess of 400 °F. The biproduct of the reaction is ammonia.cite book
last = Bloxam
first = Charles Loudon
title = Chemistry, inorganic and organic
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=f9StqQ8YBtwC&pg=PA380&dq=%22Zinc+nitride%22
accessdate = 2007-10-31
edition = 9th edition
year = 1903
publisher = P. Blakiston's Son & Co.
location = Philadelphia
pages = 380
]

3Zn(NH2)2 → Zn3N2 + 4NH3

It can also be formed by heating zinc to 600 °F in a current of ammonia; the biproduct is hydrogen gas. [cite book
last = Lowry
first = Martin Thomas
authorlink = Thomas Martin Lowry
title = Inorganic Chemistry
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=umQ6AAAAMAAJ&dq=%22zinc+nitride%22&q=%22zinc+nitride%22&pgis=1
accessdate = 2007-11-01
year = 1922
publisher = Macmillan
location =
pages = 872
]

3Zn + 2NH3 → Zn3N2 + 3H2

Zinc nitride reacts violently with water to form ammonia and zinc oxide.

Zn3N2 + 3H2O → 3ZnO + 2NH3

It is soluble in hydrochloric acid [cite book
author = Comey, Arthur Messinger, Dorothy A. Hahn
title = A Dictionary of Chemical Solubilities: Inorganic
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=7L0MAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA1124&dq=%22zinc+nitride%22
accessdate = 2007-11-01
edition = 2nd edition
year = 1921
month = February
publisher = Macmillan
location = New York
pages = 1124
] and "reversibly reacts with lithium electrochemically". [cite book
author = Amatucci, G.G., and N. Pereira
editor = Gholam-Abbas Nazri and Gianfranco Pistoia
title = Lithium Batteries: Science and Technology
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=k4duxuea3eIC&pg=PA256&dq=%22zinc+nitride%22&sig=D4_rcR9SIdgPI7RITGi_--Ern1E
accessdate = 2007-11-01
year = 2004
publisher = Kluwer Academic Publishers
location =
isbn = 978-1-4020-7628-2
pages = 256
chapter = Nitride and Silicide Negative Electrodes
] Like magnesium nitride (Mg3N2) and lithium nitride (Li3N), it has a high melting point. [cite book
author = Grolier Incorporated
title = Academic American Encyclopedia
url = http://books.google.com/books?id=YgI4E7w5JI8C&dq=%22zinc+nitride%22&q=%22zinc+nitride%22&pgis=1
accessdate = 2007-11-01
year = 1994
publisher =
location = Danbury, Connecticut
isbn = 0717220532
pages = 202
]

ee also

* Nitride
* Zinc nitrate

References

Further reading

* cite journal
author = Futsuhara M., Yoshioka K., and Takai O.
date = 1998-06-08
title = Structural, electrical and optical properties of zinc nitride thin films prepared by reactive rf magnetron sputtering
journal = Thin Solid Films
volume = 322
issue = 1
pages = 274–81
publisher = Elsevier
doi = 10.1016/S0040-6090(97)00910-3

* cite journal
author = Lyutaya, M.D., and S.A. Bakuta
year = 1980
month = February
title = Synthesis of the nitrides of Group II elements
journal = Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics
volume = 19
issue = 2
pages = 118–22
publisher = Springer
doi = 10.1007/BF00792038

* cite journal
author = Zong Fu-Jian "et al"
year = 2005
month = April
title = Thermal Decomposition Behaviour of Zn3N2 Powder
journal = Chinese Physics Letters
volume = 22
issue = 4
pages = 907–10
doi = 10.1088/0256-307X/22/4/036

External links

* [http://www.gfschemicals.com/Search/MSDS/1526MSDS.PDF Material Safety Data Sheet from GFS Chemicals]


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